Dandruff is not just a cosmetic problem, but a signal that a failure has occurred in the body. To get rid of white scales it is possible with the help of special shampoos. Or, turn to people's methods for help, by preparing a remedy for dandruff. At home, treatment will be no less effective if you first visit a trichologist and find out the etiology of the disease.
Why does dandruff appear?
One of the enemies of beautiful hair is dandruff, the causes of which can be very diverse. It can be recognized by light gray scales, which are mainly located at the roots of the hair. Such a flaw will not give anyone confidence! Do not rush into the cosmetic store and buy up advertised money, promising to get rid of dandruff. First, you need to understand the reasons for the deterioration of the scalp.
The main culprit for the appearance of scales is the fungus Pityrosporum ovale, which can be infected with non-observance of hygiene rules and using other people's hairbrushes, hair brushes, headdresses. The first time the wrecker does not make itself felt, but after a few weeks there is an itch of the scalp, the hair grows dull and falls out. It's time to turn to a specialist! Further development of the fungus will lead to deterioration of the ringlets, and self-treatment may not give the desired result.
To the causes of the appearance of the aesthetic problem also include frequent stresses, malnutrition (excessive consumption of fatty, sweet), improperly selected cosmetics for hair, hormonal disorders, lack of vitamins.
Kinds of dandruff
There are several types of dandruff depending on the work of the sebaceous glands. Dry dandruff (or dry seborrhea) appears on the overdried skin of the head. White scales pierce the skin and spread along the length of the hair. The reason for this is insufficient sebum production. Treatment of dandruff of this type should begin with a visit to a dermatologist or trichologist.
Fat dandruff is characteristic of hair combination and fatty type. The sebum adheres the exfoliated particles of the epidermis to each other. The formed flakes fit tightly to the hair and skin, which causes itching and redness. Locks from this fatter faster, and frequent washing of the head only worsens the situation. The skin of the head is covered with a peculiar crust that blocks the access of oxygen to the hair follicles, and they die with time.
How to treat?
Far from not in every case get rid of the unpleasant problem will be obtained with the help of shampoos alone. The treatment of dandruff is a long enough process that will require effort and the right approach. First of all, you will need to visit a specialist and take an analysis (scraping) to determine the type of fungus that struck the scalp and scalp.
Also, the doctor will look for other possible causes of scales and select a suitable remedy for dandruff. At home, you can make masks and herbal medicinal herbs for rinsing hair.
Sulsen paste: general description
An effective remedy is "Sulsen" paste for dandruff. It not only cleans the surface of the head and hair from annoying white "snow", but also struggles with the root cause of the ailment. Selenium disulphide is the component responsible for the elimination of the fungus. Substances in the composition of the paste can correct the work of the sebaceous glands, eliminate itching, stimulate the growth of hair follicles, improve the appearance of curls, return shine and a healthy appearance to hair.
How to use the tool?
To treat the scalp, you need to buy a 2% paste of "Sulsen". If only prevention is needed, then it is better to use a 1% remedy. Apply it only to clean, previously washed with shampoo hair. A small amount of paste must be rubbed into the scalp. The odor of the remedy is peculiar, reminiscent of sulfur, and not everyone can like it, but for the sake of healthy looking curls it is worth to suffer. After 15 minutes, the hair should be rinsed well with warm water.
For the treatment of the paste used twice a week for 3 months. Even if dandruff disappears in a few weeks, you can not interrupt the course. It should be borne in mind that during pregnancy and feeding the product is prohibited to use.
Shampoos for the treatment of dandruff
Many cosmetic brands offer their products to combat the increased formation of horny particles of the epidermis. Perhaps they will eliminate white flakes after washing their head, but after a few days the ailment will remind of itself, because the fungus can not be treated with usual shampoo. Only a remedy with certain components in the composition is needed.
Shampoo for dandruff can be purchased at the pharmacy, but it is first necessary to find out from the doctor what action the remedy should have. They can be of the following types:
- Exfoliating - this shampoo has a scrub effect and gently removes scales from the skin surface.
- Antifungal - in the composition are substances (most often ketoconazole), able to fight precisely with the cause of the disease - the fungus.
- Antibacterial - contain components that prevent the formation of dandruff and increased work of the sebaceous glands.
- Herbal extracts of herbs help to eliminate dandruff, normalize the condition of the epidermis and improve the appearance of the curls.
The anti-dandruff remedy may also be of a combined type. Acquire medical shampoos in the pharmacy, where additional advice can be obtained from a consultant.
The most convenient in use is dandruff shampoo. An effective dermatological agent must necessarily have tar, sulfur, ichthyol, salicylic acid, selenium disulphide, zinc or ketoconazole in the composition. Herbal shampoos consist of extracts of medicinal plants and essential oils. No otdushek in a medical device of this type should not be!
When choosing a shampoo, you should pay attention to its properties. The remedy should fight with the fungus, regulate the glands, eliminate high fat and dandruff. The causes that led to the appearance of white scales are also taken into account. Until the complete cure is recommended not to use the usual cosmetic shampoos and balms, which, incidentally, could provoke the development of seborrhea.
If the cause of dandruff is a fungal infection, then herbal shampoo can not always cope with such a problem. For treatment, it is necessary to purchase a drug based on ketoconazole in the pharmacy. Wash your hair at least 3 times a week.
Effective Shampoos: A Brief Overview
In the treatment of scalp and getting rid of dandruff, the following shampoos are well recommended:
- "Expert" – contains ketoconazole (20 mg in 1 ml), which can eliminate the root cause of the appearance of scales. Zinc pyrithione helps eliminate bacterial infection on the surface and deeper layers of the dermis. To improve the appearance of your curls will help the aloe Vera extract. This shampoo is recommended for the treatment of seborrhea and eliminate dandruff 2 times a week. Bottle of 100 ml will last for a few months, after which you can go to a regular shampoo.
- "Nizoral" – treatment shampoo based on ketoconazole, has established itself as a great tool for getting rid of fungus of the scalp and dandruff. A significant advantage of this tool is the possibility of combining with a cosmetic shampoo.
- "Too bad" – has both antifungal and antimicrobial activity. The domestic manufacturer is positioning it as an affordable version of the popular but expensive "Nizoral". The product has already gained a lot of positive recommendations. Shampoo can be used to treat the fungus, pityriasis versicolor, dermatitis, seborrhea. Has tool and exfoliating properties. According to the reviews, "too bad" coped with the task, even in cases when expensive dandruff shampoos were useless.
Folk methods of getting rid of dandruff
A remedy for dandruff at home can be prepared from accessible, and most importantly, harmless components. For example, to get rid of fatty dandruff will help lemon juice. It must be added to the water, which will be rinsed hair after washing. You can make a decoction of lemon peel on your own. To do this, peel with 4 citrus pour 1 liter of water, heat it on fire and allow to boil for 20 minutes. Cooled lemon water should rinse your hair. Lemon has an antimicrobial effect and reduces the secretion of sebaceous glands.
Apple cider vinegar will not only help to clean the skin of annoying white particles, but also will give the hair a shine and softness. You can use the store product, but only of good quality. Vinegar is diluted with water in equal proportions, and the resulting mixture is rubbed into the scalp with a cotton pad. After an hour, the hair should be washed with a normal shampoo (preferably on a natural basis).
The nettle also has a healing effect, which contains a huge amount of vitamins, essential oils. From it prepare infusions for rinsing ringlets or vinegar.
Rubbing olive oil in the roots of the hair, you can get rid of dandruff and restore the strength, shine and silkiness to the locks. Double the effect will help lemon juice, which is mixed with oil in equal proportions.
Aloe - a faithful assistant in the fight against various diseases, including dandruff. The juice of this medicinal plant can be rubbed into the skin and left for half an hour, wrapped around the head with a film and a towel. Aloe - a powerful natural antiseptic, which creates a protective film on the surface of the dermis. At home, a shampoo is prepared based on aloe juice, which can eliminate dandruff.
What if the white flakes reappear? It is necessary to audit the cosmetics that are used to care for the curls. Most likely, scalp components are not suitable for shampoos or balms. You can find out by going through the allergotest.
Soap for dandruff
Alkaline ingredients in the usual laundry soap remove dirt and grease from every hair and scalp. In addition, the pathogenic microflora, fungus is destroyed. This is the most affordable remedy for dandruff. At home, it's not advisable to wash your head with soap so as not to dry your hair. It is necessary to prepare in advance a soap solution, which is simply rinsed with curls. To remove the itch help mask from soap shavings.
It is worth considering that this method does not help everyone, and in some cases, the amount of dandruff can only increase.
Essential oils in the fight against dandruff
Such an unpleasant defect, like dandruff, can be eliminated with the help of essential oils. They have anti-inflammatory and antifungal effects, which positively affects the epidermis. Several types of valuable oily liquid are used to solve the problem.
Negatively affects the fungus that affects the scalp, tea tree oil. It is a disinfector, which is also capable of removing inflammation and itching. It is worth considering that in pure form, oil from dandruff is better not to use. It is recommended to add a few drops to home masks and shampoos for hair. In parallel, you can use essential oil of rosemary, eucalyptus, juniper or ylang-ylang.
Burdock oil will relieve dandruff!
Burdock oil is a faithful helper of hair and skin. In its effectiveness, it is difficult to doubt, because a huge number of positive feedback from consumers confirm the medicinal abilities of the product. The mask of dandruff, cooked on its basis, not only removes the white "snow", but also returns a healthy shine to the hair. As you know, oil thistle also effectively fights with hair loss.
To renew the scalp, eliminate dandruff and strengthen hair the best suited oil of sea buckthorn. It is often combined in masks with olive and linen product.
Recipes for home masks
Eliminate fatty dandruff with a nettle mask. To do this, 2 tablespoons of dried herbs should be boiled for 10 minutes, then squeeze the gruel and apply to the scalp. For better action, you need to wrap your head with a towel. Wash off this mask after 2 hours.
Mask for dandruff based on onions, honey and olive oil has not lost its relevance for many years. To make it, you need to make onion gruel and add honey to it (4: 1). Mix well the ingredients, add 1 tsp. olive oil. Apply weight for half an hour.
A good effect gives kefir mask. The sour milk product should be simply applied to the scalp. Wear a plastic cap and wrap it with a towel. Long walk with such a mask is not necessary - after half an hour the hair should be thoroughly washed.