Dandruff is not just a cosmetic problem, but a signal that a malfunction has occurred in the body. To get rid of white scales, you can use special shampoos. Or ask for help to popular methods, preparing a remedy for dandruff. At home, treatment will be no less effective if you first visit the trichologist and find out the etiology of the disease.
Why does dandruff appear?
One of the enemies of beautiful hair is dandruff, the causes of which can be very diverse. It can be recognized by light gray scales, which are mainly located at the roots of the hair. Such a flaw will not give anyone confidence! Do not rush to the cosmetic shop and buy advertised products that promise to get rid of dandruff. First you need to understand the causes of the deterioration of the scalp.
The main culprit in the appearance of scales is Pityrosporum ovale, which can be infected by disregarding the rules of hygiene and using someone else's combs, hair brushes, and hats. At first, the pest does not make itself felt, but after a few weeks, itchy scalp appears, hair grows dull and falls out. It's time to see a specialist! Further development of the fungus will lead to deterioration of the curls, and self-treatment may not give the desired result.
The reasons for the appearance of the aesthetic problem also include frequent stress, unhealthy diet (excessive consumption of fat, sweet), improperly chosen cosmetics for hair, hormonal disorders, lack of vitamins.
Types of dandruff
There are several types of dandruff, depending on the work of the sebaceous glands. Dry dandruff (or dry seborrhea) appears on dried scalp. White scales cover the skin and spread along the length of the hair. The cause is insufficient sebum production. Treatment of dandruff of this type should begin with a visit to a dermatologist or trichologist.
Oily dandruff is characteristic for combined and oily hair. Sebum glues the detached particles of the epidermis together. The formed flakes fit tightly to the hair and skin, which causes itching and redness. Curls from this fatten faster, and frequent washing of the head only worsens the situation. A kind of crust covers the scalp that blocks the access of oxygen to the hair follicles, and they eventually die.
How to treat?
Not in every case get rid of the unpleasant problem will turn out with the help of shampoos alone. Dandruff treatment is a fairly long process that will require effort and the right approach. First of all, you will need to visit a specialist and pass an analysis (scraping) to determine the type of fungus that struck hair and scalp.
Also, the doctor will look for other possible causes of the appearance of scales and pick up a suitable remedy for dandruff. At home, you can make masks and decoctions of medicinal herbs for rinsing hair.
Sulsen Paste: General Description
An effective therapeutic agent is dandruff "Sulsen". It not only cleans the surface of the head and hair from annoying white “snow”, but also fights against the root cause of the disease. Selenium disulfide is the component responsible for the elimination of the fungus. Substances in the composition of the paste can correct the work of the sebaceous glands, eliminate itching, stimulate the growth of hair follicles, improve the appearance of curls, return the hair shine and healthy appearance.
How to use the tool?
For the treatment of scalp, you must purchase a 2% paste "Sulsen". If only prevention is necessary, then it is better to use a 1% remedy. Apply it only on clean, pre-washed shampoo hair. A small amount of paste must be rubbed into the scalp. The scent of the product is peculiar, resembles sulfur, and not everyone may like it, but for the sake of a healthy look it is worth suffering. After 15 minutes, the hair should be well washed with warm water.
For treatment purposes, the paste is applied twice a week for 3 months. Even if the dandruff disappears in a few weeks, the course cannot be interrupted. It should be borne in mind that during the period of pregnancy and feeding means is prohibited to use.
Many cosmetic brands offer their products to combat the increased formation of horny particles of the epidermis. Perhaps they will eliminate the white flakes after washing their heads, but after a few days the ailment will remind of itself, because the fungus cannot be treated with ordinary shampoo. You only need a therapeutic agent with certain components in the composition.
Dandruff shampoo can be purchased at the pharmacy, but you must first ask your doctor what action the agent should have. They can be of the following types:
- Exfoliating - this shampoo has the effect of scrub and gently removes scales from the skin surface.
- Antifungal - in the composition are substances (most often it is ketoconazole) that can fight precisely with the cause of the disease - a fungus.
- Antibacterial - contain components that prevent dandruff and increased sebaceous glands.
- Herbal - extracts of medicinal plants help eliminate dandruff, normalize the condition of the epidermis and improve the appearance of curls.
The anti-dandruff agent can also be of the combined type. It is necessary to acquire medical shampoos in a pharmacy, where additional advice can be obtained from a consultant.
Dandruff shampoo is the most convenient to use. An effective dermatological agent must necessarily contain tar, sulfur, ichthyol, salicylic acid, selenium disulfide, zinc or ketoconazole. Herbal shampoos are made up of herbal extracts and essential oils. There should be no perfumes in this type of remedy!
Choosing a shampoo, you should pay attention to its properties. The remedy must fight the fungus, regulate the work of the glands, eliminate the increased fat content and dandruff. The reasons for the appearance of white scales are also taken into account. Until complete recovery, it is recommended not to use conventional cosmetic shampoos and balms, which, by the way, could provoke the development of seborrhea.
If the cause of dandruff is a fungal infection, then herbal shampoo can not always cope with this problem. For treatment, you must purchase a ketoconazole product at a pharmacy. Wash your hair at least 3 times a week.
Effective shampoos: a brief overview
The following shampoos have proven themselves in the treatment of scalp and getting rid of dandruff:
- "Expert" – contains ketoconazole (20 mg in 1 ml), which can eliminate the root cause of the appearance of scales. Zinc pyrithione helps eliminate bacterial infection on the surface and deeper layers of the dermis. To improve the appearance of your curls will help the aloe Vera extract. This shampoo is recommended for the treatment of seborrhea and eliminate dandruff 2 times a week. Bottle of 100 ml will last for a few months, after which you can go to a regular shampoo.
- "Nizoral" – treatment shampoo based on ketoconazole, has established itself as a great tool for getting rid of fungus of the scalp and dandruff. A significant advantage of this tool is the possibility of combining with a cosmetic shampoo.
- "Too bad" – has both antifungal and antimicrobial activity. The domestic manufacturer is positioning it as an affordable version of the popular but expensive "Nizoral". The product has already gained a lot of positive recommendations. Shampoo can be used to treat the fungus, pityriasis versicolor, dermatitis, seborrhea. Has tool and exfoliating properties. According to the reviews, "too bad" coped with the task, even in cases when expensive dandruff shampoos were useless.
Traditional methods of getting rid of dandruff
Dandruff at home can be prepared from affordable, and most importantly, harmless ingredients. For example, lemon juice will help get rid of oily dandruff. It must be added to the water, which will rinse hair after washing. You can make a decoction of lemon peel. To do this, the skin with 4 citruses is poured with 1 liter of water, heated on the fire and allowed to boil for 20 minutes. Cool with lemon water to rinse hair. Lemon has an antimicrobial effect and reduces the production of sebum.
Apple cider vinegar will not only help cleanse the skin of annoying white particles, but will also give your hair shine and softness. You can use the store product, but only good quality. Vinegar is diluted with water in equal proportions, and the mixture is rubbed into the scalp with a cotton pad. After an hour, the hair should be washed with ordinary shampoo (preferably on a natural basis).
Nettle also has a healing effect, which contains a huge amount of vitamins and essential oils. From it prepare infusions for rinsing curls or vinegar.
By rubbing olive oil into the hair roots, you can get rid of dandruff and return strength, shine and silkiness to the curls. Lemon juice mixed with oil in equal proportions will help to double the effect.
Aloe - a sure assistant in the fight against various diseases, including dandruff. The juice of this medicinal plant can be rubbed into the skin and left for half an hour, wrapping your head with a film and a towel. Aloe is a powerful natural antiseptic that creates a protective film on the surface of the dermis. At home, prepare a shampoo based on aloe juice, which is able to eliminate dandruff.
What if white scales reappear? It is necessary to conduct an audit of cosmetics that are used to care for curls. Most likely, the components of shampoos or balms are not suitable for the scalp. It is possible to find out, having passed an allergotest.
Alkaline components in the composition of the usual laundry soap well remove dirt and grease from each hair and scalp. In addition, the pathogenic microflora, fungus is destroyed. This is the most affordable anti-dandruff remedy. At home, just wash your hair with soap is undesirable, so as not to overdry hair. It is necessary to prepare in advance the soap solution, which is simply rinsed curls. Eliminate itching will help mask of soap shavings.
It should be borne in mind that this method does not help everyone, and in some cases the amount of dandruff can only increase.
Essential oils in the fight against dandruff
Such an unpleasant defect, like dandruff, can be eliminated with the help of essential oils. They have anti-inflammatory and antifungal effects, which have a positive effect on the epidermis. To solve the problem, several types of valuable oily liquid are used at once.
Negative effect on the fungus that struck the scalp, tea tree oil. It is a disinfectant that can also relieve inflammation and itching. It should be borne in mind that in pure form dandruff oil is better not to use. It is recommended to add a few drops in homemade masks and shampoos for hair. In parallel, you can apply the essential oil of rosemary, eucalyptus, juniper or ylang-ylang.
Burdock oil will relieve dandruff!
Burdock oil - a sure helper of hair and skin. Its effectiveness is hard to doubt, because a huge amount of positive feedback from consumers confirms the healing abilities of the product. The dandruff mask, prepared on its basis, will not only remove the white “snow”, but also return the healthy hair to its shine. As is known, burdock oil also effectively fights hair loss.
For the renewal of the scalp, eliminate dandruff and strengthen hair, sea buckthorn oil is best suited. It is often combined in masks with olive and linen products.
Homemade Mask Recipes
Eliminate oily dandruff using a nettle-based mask. To do this, 2 spoons of dry herbs must be boiled for 10 minutes, then squeeze the pulp and apply on the scalp. For better action you need to wrap your head with a towel. Wash off such a mask in 2 hours.
Dandruff mask based on onion, honey and olive oil has not lost its relevance for many years. For its preparation it is necessary to make onion gruel and add honey (4: 1) to it. Mix the ingredients well, add 1 tsp. olive oil. Apply a lot for half an hour.
Good effect gives kefir mask. Dairy product should be simply applied to the scalp. Put on a plastic cap and wrap up with a towel. You don’t have to go for a long time with such a mask - after half an hour you should thoroughly wash your hair.