The characteristics of the genre
Beginning of the growing hero
Alyosha Peshkov was raised in a family, based on mutual respect and love. Father Maxim was engaged in building the triumphal arch that was erected for the arrival of the king. Mother Barbara was expecting our second child was born. That all changed when his father died from cholera. He was buried on a rainy day, and Alyosha remembered the frogs sitting in the pit – they were buried together with the coffin. The boy looked at them and was holding back tears. Never cry – this taught his parents. And the mother's grief went into preterm labor. So sadly begins the first Chapter the works of Gorky.
Then there was a long way down the Volga from Astrakhan to Nizhny Novgorod. The newborn died on the way there, and the mother still could not calm down from fallen grief. Alyosha was doing came at a difficult time for family time grandmother, Akulina Ivanovna. She took my daughter and grandson in Novgorod, from which a barbarian at the time, went against the will of the father. That is grandma Bitter dedicated to the best pages of the novel. She was a kind, sympathetic person, always ready to help. It is immediately noticed and the sailors on the ship that found the hero when he got lost on one of the wharves. Despite the fullness and age, Akulina Ivanovna was moving quickly and deftly, like a cat. She told amazing stories that attracted the attention of others. And Alesha looked like she shone from the inside. That grandma in the future will be for a boy the source of all goodness and the main support, will help to endure the coming hardships. And with the arrival at the Bottom of the character's life will be a lot about what I will write in his novel Maxim Gorky.
The piece "Childhood" continues the introduction to the new characters. Hotels on the shore have met big family kashirinyh, the main which had been Vasily. Small and wizened, his grandfather never liked Alyosha, and it will take time before he'll look at it in a new way and try to understand him as a person.
In the big house kashirinyh, in addition to grandfather and grandmother lived until their two sons with families. Alyosha, before growing a completely different environment, it was hard to get used to the constant hostility and anger that prevailed between relatives. Their main reason was the desire of Michael and Jacob's faster to divide property, which did not want to grandfather. With the arrival of the barbarians, the situation escalated further as she, too, was owed a share in the paternal inheritance. In his quest to annoy each other adults knew no bounds, and their rivalry has spread to children.
Another boy witnessed the terrible treatment for – each Saturday children was flogged. Not escaped this fate and the hero. On the advice of one of his brothers, he decided to paint the tablecloth to bring joy to grandma. The result was on the bench under the rod of his grandfather. Punishment could not save any of Akulina Ivanovna, mother and aunt. This is one of the first bitter events in the new life of the hero, which introduces the novel by Maxim Gorky. Childhood Alyosha will remember and thanks to Gypsy, who during the flogging substituted hands, trying basic power punches to take.
Ivan kashirinyh in the family was a foundling. Grandmother told her grandson that she gave birth to eighteen children, of whom survived only three. The best, in her opinion, God took to himself, and instead sent a Gypsy. The story "Childhood" Bitter continues the story about his bitter fate.
Ivan was found at the gate, and grandmother took him to raise. In contrast to the native sons, he grew up kind and caring. And proved himself a good worker that was another reason for hatred of Michael and Jacob: each of them wanted in the future to take Gypsy to yourself. Often all on the fun Ivan staged entertainment with cockroaches or mice, showed card tricks. Remember Alesha and evenings, when my grandfather and Michael were leaving the house. During these hours all gathered in the kitchen. Jacob set up a guitar, and after songs began fun dance Gypsy. Then he was joined Akulina Ivanovna, who like back to that moment in season of youth: the younger and prettier she is while dancing.
Grandma predicted the future bad boy and was afraid for him. The fact that Roma every Friday I went for food and to save money, and please his grandfather, was stolen. Akulina Ivanovna believed that someday he will be caught and killed. Her fears came true, but in part: Gypsy killed not by strangers, and Michael and Jacob. Last beaten to death his wife, and as remorse, vowed to put on her grave the oak cross. It carried three of us, and under the butt put Ivan. On the way he tripped and was struck by a cross, which the brothers at this point, let go, – said Maxim Gorky.
"Childhood" in the reduction introduces only basic moments from the life of the protagonist, but not to mention that Roma, whose painful death is also deposited in the mind of the boy, along with his grandmother was his source of light and good and helped overcome the first test in a new life.
Alesha loved to watch in the evenings, prayed Akulina Ivanovna. Before the icons, she talked about everything that happened during the day, and asked for each one. And still liked the boy stories about how he is a God. In these moments my grandmother was younger, and her eyes radiated a warm light. Sometimes Akulina Ivanovna saw the devil, but they are not frightened. Fear my grandmother was only cockroaches, and often at night she would Wake Alyosha and asked to kill them. But especially clearly appears the image of the grandmother in the scene of the fire, which continues (it describes in detail the Maxim Gorky), "Childhood".
Grandma prayed when grandpa came running, shouting: "Burn!" Burning workshop, and Akulina Ivanovna rushed into the flames to prevent explosions. Made a bottle and began to give orders what to do next. Calmed the horse, who was afraid of the grandfather. And then with the burned hands took birth from aunt Natalia. And only when it was over (the wife of Michael all are died), he heard the groans of the grandmother caused by severe burns. This leads to the conclusion: only a broad-hearted person can so fearlessly fight the fire, and then, racked with pain, to find words of comfort for others. Such was Akulina Ivanovna, who played a crucial role in the life of Alyosha, which emphasizes the Maxim Gorky. "Childhood" (the characteristic of the grandmother confirms this) is a work about how generosity and love can withstand the anger and hatred, not allowing to die the germs of the good and the good that lies in human nature.
Kashirina still divided. Alesha with her grandmother and grandfather moved into a stone house with a garden. The rooms, except one, passed. It was left for myself and guests of my grandfather. Akulina Ivanovna, my grandson is in the attic. Grandma was again in the centre of the action: tenants constantly turned to her for advice, and for each she found a kind word. The grandson was constantly near her, as if rooted. Sometimes a mother, but she quickly disappeared, not even leaving memories of yourself.
Once grandmother told Alyosha about his life. She was born from a crippled girl lace-makers, who jumped out the window, when her frightened master. They walked through the world until he settled in Balakhna. Akulina learned lace weave, and then she spied my grandfather. Noble he at that time was. And chose for a wife the girl impoverished, decided that all life will be submissive.
And grandfather try to teach Alyosha letters. Seeing the brilliance of his grandson, he became less of his whip and looked at it all carefully, sometimes told fables from their own lives. So passed the childhood of Maxim Gorky.
And again the feud
Unhappiness kashirinyh not over. Once Jacob came and said that Michael is the grandfather to kill. Similar scenes were repeated often. And again the main burden fell to my grandmother. One night she leaned out the window a hand, hoping to reason with her son, Mikhail broke her stake. Watching all of this, he increasingly began to think about her mother. The fact that she refused to live in such a family, is markedly elevated in the eyes of her son. And it was Barbara or in the camp of the robbers or the Prince the mistress Engalycheva told his grandmother. And sometimes the chest of the boy seemed leaden, and he felt stuffy and crowded in this room, reminiscent of a coffin. Bitter thoughts and feelings aroused in the hero, as shown by Maxim Gorky, childhood. Analysis of their leaves the same weight on the soul of the reader.
There are product is another hero with whom Alyosha met immediately upon arrival to Novgorod. This is Grigory, the master working with his grandfather. He was old and blind, and boys, as well as uncles, and often mocked him. For example, you could put it under a hand hot my confident. When Kashirina shared and grandfather moved to Field street, the master just kicked out into the street. It was excruciatingly embarrassing to see how poor Gregory, because Alyosha avoided meeting with him, and whenever his appearance hid – says Maxim Gorky. "Childhood", whose protagonists are people of different social strata, shows how the boy gradually Mature discontent with the life he saw. The merit of the writer that he gave to understand that not always people drifting. Many find the strength to resist evil, thereby gradually changing the world for the better.
As for Gregory, grandmother often called him to himself and tried to somehow belittle the troubles that befell the one who gave my life to her family. One day she said to Alyosha that God will severely punish them for this person. Years later, when Akulina Ivanovna is not the grandfather himself went to beg, repeating the fate of his master.
And again Vasily changed the place of residence, – continues the story "Childhood" Bitter. On cable street, where is now settled Kashirina, fate brought Alex with another amazing person. Good thing – the so called lodger for the words, which he invariably used in speech, was considered a boarder and have always held in my room some experiments, which displeased his grandfather. One evening, all traditionally gathered at grandma's, and she brought the story of Ivan the warrior. This story made a Good Deal an extraordinary impression. He suddenly jumped up and shouted that it is necessary to record. And later gave advice to Alyosha, be sure to learn. And to record all that said Akulina Ivanovna. This may have begun his love of the literature.
But soon Good Thing left the house, and Bitter about it wrote in the story: thus ended the friendship with the first (best) man of "infinite number of strangers in the home... the country."
Barbara showed up at the house unexpectedly kashirinyh. Alyosha at once noticed that she has changed, but still not similar to brothers and father. And thought again for a long time here won't. Mother began to teach his son to read and even decided to engage in his upbringing. But for the time spent away from each other, they ceased to understand each other. The boy was oppressed and fighting all the grandfather and the mother, especially that Barbara was not going to change to please anyone. And yet she broke Kashirina. After refusing to marry the old watchmaker, who was looking after the grandfather, the barbarian was practically the mistress of the house, – continues Maxim Gorky "Childhood". Chapters on the mother of a hero, familiar with how it is against the will of the father married is not like her family Maxim. How young came to bow to the old Kashirin, but refused to live in his house, which aroused the anger of the new man. As disliked of her husband Michael's sister and Jacob, who dreamed to grab her share of inheritance. Finally Peshkova went to Astrakhan where lived together and happily.
Although the mother had called to Alyosha always just warm feelings, she never became the son of the man who helped him to overcome the first hardships of life, to withstand the blows of fate.
"Lead abominations of life"
After the incident with the stepfather Alyosha was back at grandfather. Vasily insisted that they lunch with my grandmother cooked at a time, and each on their money. However, he is always saved. The hero had to make: after school, he went to collect rags and sell it on the cheap. Earned gave my grandmother one day and saw how she wept over his pennies.
The school had a rough. Here Alyosha called Treponema, and nobody wanted to babysit. But exams in the third grade he passed, and received the award of merit and several books. The last boy was taken to the shop, when Akulina Ivanovna fell ill and began to live.
Another memorable event in the life of the hero of the story "Childhood" by Maxim Gorky – mother's death. Barbara returned to Casilinum very sick, dried up and soon died of consumption. A few days after her funeral grandfather sent Alexei "the people" that he earned his bread. From that moment childhood ends and begins the second story of Gorky's autobiographical trilogy.
The ability for spiritual self-development in terms of the tragic reality is, perhaps, most importantly, he wants to draw the attention of the reader, Maxim Gorky. Childhood (theme of the works stated in the title, highlights) – the main time in a person's life. The child usually remembers what made a big impression on him. And well, it was during this time Alesha has witnessed not only the inhumanity and brutality, but also met people, infinitely kind and open to others. It helped him to resist the "leaden abominations" and grow a bright and tolerates no evil, that can be an example for everyone else.