In our country many professions are awarded a special date in the calendar - the day of the professional holiday. Day of the signalman is one of many such festivities. Such attention on the part of state bodies speaks about the importance of this specialty.
When celebrating a holiday
The calendar of professional holidays has about ten days associated with the work of the signalman. Modern Russia twice a year pays special attention to this specialty. To mark the Day of the signalman, whose date is set for May 7, you need to know that in the calendar it is registered as Radio Day. It is a holiday of all communications industries.
The basis for choosing the number was the date of the first communication session, conducted by the inventor of the radio Popov Alexander. In 1895, on April 25 (according to the old style), Popov demonstrated the work of his invention. A wireless session showed the great future of this device. For the first time glorify communication workers began in 1925.
Specialization of profession and holiday
In the autumn, a special date is celebrated on the Day of the Military Communications Officer. The singling out of the military orientation of the specialty of a signalman speaks about the necessity of the work of such a specialist in the modern army. For the first time the authorities paid attention to the communication service in 1919. The Revolutionary Military Council of the Soviet Republic on October 20 organized a communications administration, allocating signalmen to special independent troops. This number was chosen for the celebration of the Military Communications Day.
To revive the prestige of the military communications officer and in honor of honoring those killed on the battlefields, the RF President in 2006 restored Communications Day in Russia. October 20 is a holiday of servicemen and civilian communication workers.
history of the holiday
After the release of signalmen into the special service, the formation of modern communications troops begins. USKA (Communications Department of the Red Army) commanded and controlled all communication means of the troops. It was engaged in checking the communications departments and supplying them with special property. Gradually, the radio telegraph and telegraph-telephone departments, the military division of Electrotrest, moved under his department.
In fact, the Day of the signalman could be appointed for another time. The exact number of initial actions of military signalers has not been clarified. The first communications units appeared in the Russian army in the last quarter of the 19th century. Telegraph began to use to transmit and receive information between different parts of the troops. After effective experiments in the Baltic in 1897, inventor Popov A.S. New attempts were made to establish a connection between the land and the ship. The distance between the transmitter and the receiver was constantly increasing.
At the final stage of the experiment, information was transferred between the two ships. All attempts to improve the apparatus have resulted in obtaining the planned results. In the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), signalmen began to use radio receivers in conditions of military operations. After confirming the need for constant communication with the headquarters, signalmen became an integral part of military units.
The Great Patriotic War provided another chance to prove the importance of the communications operator's work. To highlight for the celebration of the special Day of the signalman demanded historical justice. Several dozen communication workers were awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union. The most famous feat is the act of Sergeant Novikov. Having received the order to restore the damaged communication line, the sergeant coped with the task at the cost of his life. Finding a break in the wires, he joined them with his teeth, firing back at this time from the Nazis.
The modern communication system differs from its original form. The simplest sound and visual aids are replaced by multi-channel automated systems. The newest devices are able to transmit and receive the signal at any distance. They are also in constant contact with stationary and moving objects. They can send a message and receive a response in any conditions: on land and on water, in the air and under water.
The value of the work of the signalman can not be overestimated. From the organization and effectiveness of means of communication, the functioning of the military means of the army and all troops depends. To celebrate the work of such specialists, to assess the merits before the fatherland, the Day of the signalman is supposed. It is to this day that the results of the work of specialists for the year are summed up. The best of the best are singled out, rewarded and exalted.
Forecast for the future
The nearest and the far future does not seem to be without the work of the liaison offices. Therefore, the Day of the signalman will be of great importance for attracting attention and raising the status of such professionals. Preparing specialists at various levels becomes a top priority.
The qualified performance of their duties is aimed at ensuring the smooth operation of a complex multifunctional organism. Many thousands of lines of radio, tropospheric, wireline and other types of communication mean nothing without employees with special training. Their importance increases in crucial moments. Merit before the homeland and society is the execution of the order to prevent the interruption of contact at the right time.