In our country, many professions have been awarded a special date in the calendar - the day of the professional holiday. Signal Day is one of many such festivities. Such attention from the government suggests the importance of this specialty.
When the holiday is celebrated
The calendar of professional holidays has about ten days associated with the work of a signalman. Modern Russia twice a year pays special attention to this specialty. To mark the Day of the signalman, the date of which is scheduled for the seventh of May, you need to know that it is registered in the calendar as the Day of the radio. This is a celebration of all branches of communication.
The basis for choosing the number was the date of the first communication session conducted by Alexander Popov, the inventor of the radio. In 1895, April 25 (old style) Popov demonstrated the work of his invention. The wireless session showed a great future for this device. For the first time to glorify communications workers began in 1925.
Specialization of the profession and holiday
In autumn, the Day of the Military Communications Officer is celebrated on a separate date. Allocation of the military orientation of the specialty of the signalman speaks of the need for the work of such a specialist in the modern army. The first time the authorities paid attention to the communication service in 1919. On October 20, the Revolutionary Military Council of the Soviet Republic organized a liaison office, singling out signalmen into special independent troops. This number was chosen to celebrate the Day of Military Communications.
For the revival of the prestige of the military signalman and in honor of honoring those who died on the battlefields, the President of the Russian Federation in 2006 restored the Signaler Day in Russia. October 20 is a holiday of military and civilian communications workers.
history of the holiday
After the allocation of communications in a special service begins the formation of modern communication troops. USKA (Directorate of Communications of the Red Army) managed and controlled all means of communication of troops. It was engaged in checking liaison offices and supplying them with special property. Gradually, his department passed the radio telegraph and telegraph and telephone departments, the military division of Electrostat.
In fact, the Day of the signalman could be scheduled for another time. The specific number of initial actions by military communications officials has not been clarified. The first communications units appeared in the Russian army in the last quarter of the 19th century. The telegraph began to be used to transmit and receive information between various parts of the troops. After effective experiments on the Baltic in 1897 by the inventor Popov A.S. new attempts were made to establish a connection between land and ship. The distance between the transmitter and receiver is constantly increasing.
At the final stage of the experiment, information was transferred between the two ships. All attempts to improve the devices ended in obtaining the planned results. In the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), communications workers began to use radio receivers under the conditions of military operations. After confirming the need for a permanent stay in communication with the headquarters, the signalmen became an integral part of the military units.
The Great Patriotic War provided another chance to prove the importance of the work of the signalman. Highlight for the celebration of a special Day signalist demanded historical justice. Several dozen communications workers were awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union. The most famous feat is the act of Sergeant Novikov. Having received the order to restore the damaged communication line, the sergeant coped with the task at the cost of his life. Finding the gap wires, he connected them with his teeth, firing at the time of the Nazis.
Modern communication system is different from its original form. The simplest sound and visual aids are replaced by multichannel automated systems. The newest devices are capable of transmitting and receiving a signal at any distance. They are also in constant contact with stationary and moving objects. They can send a message and get an answer in any conditions: on land and on water, in air and under water.
The value of the work of the operator can not be overestimated The functioning of the military equipment of the army and all troops depends on the organization and effectiveness of communications. To glorify the work of such specialists, to estimate the services to the fatherland, the Day of the Signaler assumes. It is to this day that the work of specialists for the year is summed up. The best of the best stand out, are rewarded and exalted.
Forecast for the future
The nearest and distant future does not appear without the work of liaison offices. Therefore, the Day of the signalman will be of great importance to attract attention and improve the status of such professionals. To train specialists at various levels becomes a top priority.
The qualified performance of their duties is aimed at ensuring the smooth operation of a complex multi-functional organism. Thousands over the length of the line radio, tropospheric, wired and other types of communication mean nothing without workers with special training. Their importance increases at crucial moments. The fulfillment of the order not to allow the interruption of contact at the right time becomes a merit to the homeland and society.