Man’s knowledge of the world around him is impossible to imagine without such a category as definition. This is due to the role that she plays in this complex process. It acts as a kind of conductive element, which allows you to combine the laws, phenomena, processes, objects of the world and the person’s perception of all this. Definition is an important link in an endless chain of cognitive activity.
Definition as a process
The concept that is the subject of consideration can be presented from two positions: as a certain action and as a term.
In the first case, for a more complete understanding, you should seek the help of a science such as logic. It reveals the essence in the following way: a definition is a logical action aimed at disclosing the content of an object. This operation allows you to distinguish an object that is expressed by a concept from another, to establish the meaning of an expression or a word.
Definition = definition?
Is it possible to equate these concepts? Let's try to figure it out.
Translated from Latin, the word "definition" means the boundaries of something, the finish or the end. In other words, we can say that the definition here is a limitation, a delineation of the framework.
The second Russian word "definition" comes from the verb "divide." If you separate the prefix "o", then it becomes easier to understand the essence of this process - "setting the limit". As can be seen from the above, the origin of the word allows you to get closer to understanding the meaning of this operation and to establish that the definition and definition are essentially the same.
To give a definition is to determine what a concept is, to establish its content by listing the signs. In logic, they are divided into two groups: essential common and distinctive. They allow to separate the subject from another or to relate it to a class like it.
In the course of compiling the definition, its value can also be revealed by correlation with the object. If any of these relationships is missing, the term remains a symbol, devoid of its semantic meaning.
Essence of the term
Considering this concept from the second point of view, one can be convinced that the definition is a brief definition of a word or concept, based on essential common and a number of distinctive features of a single subject or group.
In fact, it represents the original logical form of human thinking. In modern Russian there are more than 600 thousand different definitions denoting phenomena, objects, processes, properties, relationships, etc.
Formal logic establishes the rules according to which the considered term should be built. It allows to establish that in the classical understanding the definition is a construction which consists of two elements.
- First, from what is determined. In logic, this is called one Latin word "definieendum."
- Secondly, from what is determined by - “definiens”.
It should be noted that both of these elements are always present in the definition; only implicit definitions can be an exception. In this case, an idea of the subject can be obtained from the context of any part of the text or with the help of an additional description, description or comparison with another similar subject.
The definiendum and definiens are related to each other, they are in relation to the identity and belong to the same denotate. What does it mean? The denotat is, in essence, the very subject that is thought in definition. It can also be thought of as some kind of thought object that can display one or several things or something to which you can assign a name or a name.
The role of the definition in the right
In this area it is difficult to overestimate. The definition here is an interpretation of a legal term, a kind of verbal customization. It allows you to get an idea of what sense the legislator puts into one or another legal concept.
The lack of interpretation of terms in a regulatory act can, on the one hand, lead to irreparable errors in the process of their implementation. On the other hand, such a situation is fraught with abuse of the law, since it will not be available to all persons trying to understand it, but to a limited circle of persons with certain legal knowledge. This contradicts one of the basic qualitative principles of lawmaking - accessibility in understanding.
Especially important in the process of rule-making is the definition of those concepts, the essence of which is different in different legal documents. Any misunderstanding of the legal term or its imperfect interpretation should be clarified by creating a clear legislative definition.
Every definition is intended to answer the question of what it is. Understanding what the concept under consideration is will become more transparent if any definition is given. Example: a version is one of a number of explanations of a certain phenomenon, process or fact that differ from each other. Another definition: flora is the species composition of various plants growing on any territory.