The word "townhouse" is translated as "a house in the city". Usually it consists of several sections, which are united by common side walls. Each section has several floors, a separate entrance. If provided for in the project, there may be a private plot and a garage.
Despite the fact that in the classic sense of the house is located in the city, in recent years, more and more popular are out-of-town townhouses, as well as villages consisting of such houses. They are built in close proximity to cities and at the same time have the advantages of living "in nature".
Today, many people are interested in what a townhouse is and what its advantages are.
A bit of history
The first to learn about what townhouses, residents of Britain in the XIX century. In the beginning, this word was used to refer to the city residences of the aristocracy. These houses were most often built in a row with adjoining buildings. In addition, they could be built separately. In this regard, the modest houses of the petty aristocracy were difficult to distinguish from the ordinary building of the British bourgeoisie.
The first appearance in Russia
In 1995, near Moscow, near Troitsk, Novogorsky and near the village of Novye Rzhavki, the first settlements of this type appeared. In those days, the cost per square meter of such housing was 15 thousand rubles.
Planning and benefits
In our country, the fashion for such structures came in the 90s of the last century, and since then their popularity is continuously growing. Townhouses in Russia are most often positioned as a variant of suburban construction, but cheaper in comparison with the cottage. This is not true. What is a townhouse? This is urban housing, which should be seen as an alternative to a good apartment. Perhaps, therefore, there are problems when a townhouse is being built. In such areas, where there should be integration of buildings with the environment with the maximum use of natural factors, a dense urban development is created. Undoubtedly, the townhouse creates a lower density of development than multi-storey buildings, and at the same time gives a higher quality of housing.
The construction of a townhouse is much more economical than the erection of a high-rise. This is understandable: lighter, and therefore cheaper materials are used, complicated construction equipment is not required, elevators, refuse chutes, additional pumping of water, fire fighting and other expensive engineering systems are excluded.
On the first floor there is usually an entrance hall, a garage, a utility room with a heating boiler, and the second bedroom, living rooms, bathrooms and kitchens. Quite often in such houses are ground floors, verandas or attics.
Advantages of townhouse
Many believe that this type of housing has a lot of advantages. Answering the question about what a townhouse is and what its advantages are, it should be noted the possibility of a flexible approach to the needs and wishes of the owner. In accordance with the Urban Planning Code, for the construction of buildings up to 3 floors there is no need to carry out expertise and even project preparation.
But we should not forget that during construction, technical standards must be observed, according to which the building will be put into operation. Therefore, until you get an official permission to build a house in the project, you can make any changes, "adjusting" it for the needs of the homeowner.
The unconditional advantage of this type of housing is its cost. Even in elite execution such a house will cost the buyer much cheaper than a cottage. Business-class townhouses, whose price is comparable to a three-four-bedroom town apartment, have a much larger area.
Disadvantages of the townhouse
The maintenance of such a dwelling is much more expensive than a standard city apartment. Many experts believe that house-townhouses have a very "modest" "home territory - 4 hundred parts for many is not enough. Another drawback (very controversial, in our opinion) is the presence of neighbors. In other words, the absence of the desired "isolated" format of suburban housing.
Townhouse of economy class
This type of low-rise buildings is common in Europe. Typically, this is a house in two-, three-, less than four-story execution. It has a separate entrance, built-in garage (for one or two cars) or a properly organized parking lot, with a small plot of land at the front door or behind the house. Townhouses in the suburbs are complexes of 6-10 cottages. Sometimes they build detached houses with entrances to several apartments. Typically, the complexes of small suburban villages are built in such a way that they create a closed courtyard. The area of one townhouse is from 80 to 300 m 2. Today, economy-class townhouses make up a rather large segment of urban real estate.
Increasing the volume of offers
In the fall of 2014 in the suburbs for sale, 168 villages with townhouses were offered for sale. A year earlier, 142 settlements were represented on the market. The cost of apartments-sections decreased by 2.1%. Last year in the suburbs townhouses could be bought for 10.38 million rubles, and today for 10.17 million rubles.
What to look for
In general, the recommendations are common, as with the purchase of any real estate - to decide on the finance, carefully (preferably with the help of a lawyer) to examine the documents and the reputation of the developer. But there are some features in the legal support of the deal with the townhouse.
One of the common misconceptions of future owners is that, by purchasing this type of housing in Moscow, you get a plot of land in the property. This is not true - in the capital 99.9% of the land is rented. The right to it passes to the HOA after the final delivery of the object. The land under the townhouse is designed in the same way as under the apartment building.
In addition, experts do not recommend registration of shared ownership of the site with neighbors - there may be problems with resale. It is necessary to pay attention to the number of cottages in the village. It is desirable that they were not more than 60 (in blocks of 4-6 cottages), with a limited number of families - it is unlikely to be comfortable in a densely populated village.
Pay attention to one more aspect - is there not near the village intersection of major roads, because the roar of heavy transport will not contribute to rest.
Townhouses in Russia are attracted by their infrastructure. In such villages, privacy and comfort of civilization are united. On the territory of the complexes are built shops, schools, sports clubs, etc. This allows residents not to go shopping in the city.
For today in Europe in townhouses live more than 20% of the general population. For our compatriots, this kind of housing is still little known. In Russia, townhouses are less than 15% of the total volume of real estate sold. However, every year interest in them is steadily growing, because experts are confident in the good prospects of this type of housing for the future.