The word "townhouse" is translated as "house in the city." Usually it consists of several sections, which are united by common side walls. Each section has several floors, a separate entrance. If provided for by the project, there may be a personal plot and a garage.
Despite the fact that, in the classical sense, this is a house located in a city, lately town cottages and villages consisting of such houses have become increasingly popular. They are built in close proximity to cities and at the same time have the advantages of living “in nature”.
Today, many people are interested in what a townhouse is and what are its advantages.
A bit of history
The first to know about what townhouses are, residents of Great Britain in the XIX century. Initially, the city residences of representatives of the aristocracy were called by this word. These houses were most often built in a row with adjacent buildings. In addition, they could be built separately. In this regard, the modest houses of the petty aristocracy were difficult to distinguish from the ordinary buildings of the British bourgeoisie.
First appearance in Russia
In 1995, not far from Moscow, near Troitsky, Novogorsk and near the village of New Rzhavka, the first settlements of this type appeared. In those days, the cost per square meter of such housing was 15 thousand rubles.
Layout and benefits
In our country, the fashion for such facilities came in the 90s of the last century, and since then their popularity has grown steadily. Townhouses in Russia are often positioned as a version of a country building, but cheaper in comparison with a cottage. This is not true. What is a townhouse? This urban housing, which should be considered as an alternative to a good apartment. Perhaps, therefore, problems arise when a townhouse settlement is being built. In such areas, where there should be an integration of buildings with the environment with the maximum use of natural factors, a dense urban-type development is created. Undoubtedly, the townhouse creates a lower density of buildings than high-rise buildings, and at the same time gives a higher quality of housing.
Building a townhouse is much more economical than erecting a high-rise. This is quite understandable - lighter, and consequently, cheaper materials are used, complex construction equipment is not required, elevators, refuse chutes, additional pumping of water, fire fighting and other expensive engineering systems are excluded.
On the first floor there is usually an entrance hall, garage, utility room with heating boiler, and on the second bedroom, living rooms, bathrooms and kitchens. Often in such houses basement floors, verandas or attic.
Many believe that this type of housing has a lot of advantages. Answering the question about what a townhouse is and what its advantages are, we should note the possibility of a flexible approach to the needs and wishes of the owner. In accordance with the Urban Planning Code, for the construction of buildings up to 3 floors there is no need for expertise and even project preparation.
But we should not forget that the construction must comply with technical standards, in accordance with which the building will be taken into operation. Therefore, prior to receiving the official permission to build a house, any changes can be made to the project, “adjusting” it to the needs of the landlord.
The undoubted advantage of this type of housing is its cost. Even in the luxury performance of such a house would cost the buyer much cheaper than a cottage. Business-class townhouses, the price of which is comparable to a three-four-room city apartment, have a much larger area.
The maintenance of such a dwelling is significantly more expensive than a standard city apartment. Many experts believe that home-townhouses have a very “modest” "local area - 4 weave for many is not enough. Another drawback (quite controversial, in our opinion) is the presence of neighbors. In other words, the absence of the desired "isolated" format of suburban housing.
Economy Town House
This type of low-rise building is common in Europe. As a rule, this is a house in a two-, three-, less often four-story design. It has a separate entrance, a built-in garage (for one or two cars) or a properly organized parking zone, with a small land plot at the main entrance or behind the house. Townhouses in the Moscow region are complexes of 6-10 cottages. Sometimes detached houses are built with entrances to several apartments. Typically, the complexes of small villages near Moscow are lined up so that they create a closed courtyard. The area of one townhouse ranges from 80 to 300 m 2. Today, economy-class townhouses make up a rather large segment of urban real estate.
Increasing the volume of offers
In the fall of 2014, 168 villages with townhouses were offered for sale in the Moscow region. A year earlier, 142 villages were represented on the market. The cost of apartment-section decreased by 2.1%. Last year, in the Moscow region townhouses could be bought for 10.38 million rubles, and today for 10.17 million rubles.
What to look for
In general, the usual recommendations, as in the purchase of any real estate - to decide on finances, carefully (preferably with the help of a lawyer) examine the documents and the reputation of the developer. But there are some features in the legal support of the transaction with the townhouse.
One of the common misconceptions of future owners is that by purchasing housing of this type in Moscow, you receive a land plot as a property. This is not the case - in the capital, 99.9% of the land is leased. The right to it goes to the HOA after the final delivery of the object. Land under the townhouse is drawn up in the same way as under the apartment building.
In addition, experts do not recommend to make out share ownership of the site together with its neighbors - there may be problems with resale. It is necessary to pay attention to the number of cottages in the village. It is desirable that there should be no more than 60 (in blocks of 4-6 cottages), with a limited number of families - it is unlikely to be comfortable in a densely populated village.
Pay attention to another aspect - whether there is a large road intersection near the village, because the buzz of heavy transport will not contribute to rest.
Townhouses in Russia attract with its infrastructure. In these villages combined privacy and comfort of civilization. On the territory of the complexes shops, schools, sports clubs, etc. are built. This allows residents not to go shopping in the city.
Today, over 20% of the total population lives in townhouses in Europe. For our compatriots, such housing is still not very familiar. In Russia, townhouses make up less than 15% of the total volume of real estate sold. However, every year interest in them is steadily growing, because experts are confident in the good prospects for this type of housing for the future.