English grammar is not the system that is critical to the learning process. The main assistant in this endeavor will be the dictionary.

Word formation in English grammar

Often in English as in other foreign languages, learners are faced with one difficulty: the words that belong to the same part of speech, using different methods, move to another.

It should be noted that the word formation in the English language is not always as simple as it seems actually. Today, there are 2 predominant ways: conversion and compounding.


The conversion

Ways of word formation in the English language

1. Prefixation

4. The change of stress in the word: to Pro gress – `progress (to develop

5. The alternation of sounds in a word: to use [ju:z]

6. Compounding: watch

7. Acronym: telephone

8. Abbreviations (letters or initials) \u0026 ndash; USA \u0026 ndash; United States of America.

9. Telescope words: sea and laboratory

Word formation in English language on this list does not end there. Here is the only frequently used methods.

Special attention we want to draw on this method of word formation, as affixation. In ordinary language, this method is similar to the puzzle or the designer that you need to collect the pieces and parts. Similarly, in the affixation. Assembled from pieces of words are easier to remember. Each part has its own meaning.

Consider the topic of word formation in more detail using the noun.

When added to the noun suffix

When added to the noun suffix

When added to the noun suffix

When added to the noun suffix

When added to the noun suffix

When added to the noun suffix

When added to the noun suffix-ian

One of the easiest ways of word formation is conversion. In this way a word that has undergone derivation, does not change neither its pronunciation nor in spelling. The English language has a lot of similar cases. Here are examples of absolute conversions


Sometimes the end result of word formation refers to the process of action. For example:


Also verbs can be formed from adjectives. For example:


If on the one hand the conversion will help learners to perceive and understand language, on the other hand will lead to a lot of difficulties during translation. To translate text, you need to determine the part of speech to which a word, to pay attention to the content of the text and used in the articles.

The notion of derivation in tables

In order to illustrate word formation in the English language, the following table can be a great help. She shows us the frequently used suffixes of verbs.

To show the essence of prefixes in the subject “word Formation in the English language”, the table below presents the most common of them. This information is especially useful to beginners.

Further study of word-formation in English. The following table gives a list of suffixes. In this case we are talking about adjectives.

To more thoroughly understand the word formation in the English language, it is necessary to perform verification tasks on this topic. The following exercises and testing will help people studying English independently.

Word formation in the English language. Exercises

Your attention is presented a simplified exercise. Topic – word formation in the English language and practical exercises.

1. In the following exercises choose the correct form of word:

1.1. He made it very easy. Hi did it very

1.2. I can learn this stuff very quickly. I can learn this material very.

1.3. Fortunately he survived.

1.4. He did it very bravely. He did it very \u0026 hellip;

1.5. I'm terribly sorry! I am

2. Translated into English:

2.1. To do (action)

2.2. Make (product) \u0026 ndash; to remake.

2.3. To read and reread.

2.4. To play (music)

2.5. Tie

2.6. To cover (something)

2.7. To fasten (a button)

2.8. Run (work)

The definition of word in the text

3. Find in the text the words obtained by word formation, and determine how they are formed.

The first president suggested destroying of some old fashioned buildings in the capital of his country. And also he wanted to build a lot of beautiful bus-stops.

Topic “word Formation in the English language” is quite difficult. Without practical lessons to learn it will be difficult. Therefore, in order to consolidate the theoretical knowledge necessary to pass a little test “word Formation in the English language.”

1. They are _______happy:

2. He is a ________

a) a docter b)mechanic c)buildor.

3. You are ________

a) impolite b) immoral c) invention.

4. This is _____________

a) harmfull b)harmless c)worthwhile.

5. He is very _________popular:

6. I pay for it ____________

a) weakly b) monthly c) every yearly.

7. I am success ______________

a) ion b) ful c) less.

Word formation in the English language – a fairly complex topic, and in order to properly discern all the ways of word formation, it is necessary to learn only frequently used methods. Good luck in learning English!

Answers to assignments and testing

Answers to tests:

1-a, 2-b, 3-a, 4-c, 5-c, 6-b, 7-b.