With punching holes in the skin, most people came across. And if the thin webs on the shoes can be pierced with an awl or a large needle, then the hole in the thick material of the leather strap is best performed with a special tool. Such as a piercer for the skin. The need for this tool in the manufacture of leather products is also beyond doubt.
Serious tools, through which holes are made in saddlery manufacture or the leather industry, differ from household only in the quality and durability of the materials used.
To make a hole on the skin or other soft material, the latter is laid on a solid base (the smooth board is best suited), mark, set up vertically and punched with a hammer. But this is a radical decision. It is usually enough to press the tube with your hand and turn it. The hole is smooth and neat, the material is not zazhevyvaetsya.
For a braid, a piercer for the leather of a revolver type is more often used. It is very similar to ticks for cutting metal, only on the head is a drum with six sharpened cones of different sizes from 1.4 to 5 mm. The skin blank is clamped between the punch and anvil, the handles are compressed, and an aperture of a given diameter is obtained.
Professional punches are made of stainless steel with a brass anvil and are supplied with an opening spring and replaceable steel punches with a lifetime warranty. However, for different models there are limitations on the thickness of the pierced material.
To sew the thick skin by hand, first punch holes using a stepper piercer for the skin. Such a tool resembles a fork, the teeth of which are sharpened in a special way, most often by a diamond. The sets usually sell piercers with a certain pitch, the same width of the denticles, which are from one to ten.
The teeth in certain punch models are located at the 45 ° line of holes. Using such a tool, you can not only perform a straight seam, but also sweep the product over the edge.
To prepare holes for a braid or Mexican pigtail use a stepper piercer with a diagonal arrangement of teeth.
Whatever the shape of the teeth and their location, such a tool is used to pierce suede and skin up to five millimeters thick.
Lower punch punches
This tool is not much different from the stepper, they are often combined into one category. A string piercer for the skin is usually performed with round strikers of small, from one and a half millimeters, diameter and a step between them of 5-6 mm. Serves for punching not only the skin, but also cardboard, fabric and other materials. The baits in the base are screwed in and can be changed to spare in the event of a breakdown.
When working it is necessary to use a substrate of soft wood or rubber.
There are secateted piercers for making holes in thick or glued skin, in which the prongs are positioned with points to each other. The holes are obtained evenly from the front and from the underside of the pierced material. Plugs with teeth are installed on threaded connections.
Homemade skin piercers
Making a piercer for the skin with your own hands is easy. You just need to pick up a thin tube of the right diameter and sharpen its edge. It is also possible to give the working part the shape of a semicircle, an oval, a crescent to make decorative holes, if there is no desire or opportunity to purchase such a tool.
The crooks use small Chinese screwdrivers, taking out the sting from them, turning the edge and cutting the groove to expel the scraps. The telescopic antennas from old radio receivers are treated approximately the same way. Someone uses needles from droppers and micromotors with a collet clamp.
A handy tool for making a stepper tool can be a conventional dining fork. True, the holder should be thick and the teeth are square in cross-section (or triangular, if such falls). The fork is heated, aligned in the same plane with the holder, the cutter and the excess of the teeth are cut off (there are millimeters fifteen lengths, or even less). Then the workpiece is brought to the working state: the cut of the cuttings is aligned, the width of the teeth and their height, the teeth are sharpened by the nail file.
Soft and thin skin is better to pierce with needles for sewing leather. It is clear that using a single needle, it is difficult to make a smooth seam with the same stitches, and the process lasts long enough. There are craftsmen who, with the help of improvised tools and thick needles for sewing machines, can collect a piercer for the skin with their own hands. Such a tool can simultaneously punch five holes, but sewing needles, even the thickest ones, easily break, so use the hammer to pierce very carefully.
Skin is a material grateful in the work. Using even simple tools, you can make out of it unusual beauty and functional things. This can be wallets, purses, bags, belts, sheaths and much more. And that the creative process was not too laborious, the seams turned out to be smooth and of high quality, and piercers are needed.