To get a good harvest of strawberries in the suburban area is possible only if the technology of its cultivation is observed. Plants should be watered, weeded and fertilized in time. Also, strawberries should be replaced from time to time in a new place. And, of course, this culture should be periodically fertilized. In this article, let's talk about what they feed strawberries after harvest, as well as in spring and summer.
What fertilizer to use
Strawberry responds well to absolutely any type of fertilizer, both mineral and organic. It is very useful for this plant is, for example, wood ash. It contains just a huge number of different microelements. Sometimes strawberries are fed and purchased complex fertilizers. For example, it's good to know all of Nitroammophos. It includes all the substances necessary for the good development of strawberries: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Sometimes plants are fed with urea. This fertilizer does not burn leaves and is inexpensive. However, you should use it carefully. In the case of an overdose, the fruit will cease to be tied to the plants.
From organic fertilizers strawberry manure and bird droppings are most often used for strawberries. These seasonings are recommended by experienced summer residents to apply as carefully as possible. The fact is that they can contain seeds of weeds. Use such organics as in a dry kind, and in the form of infusions. Mullein is prepared in a ratio of 1x10, a solution of bird droppings - 1x20.
When asked about what they feed strawberries, there is one more answer. You can use compost for this purpose. But only well rebuffed.
How many times in a season do I need to feed?
During the growing season, the usual strawberries are fertilized at least three times. Young plants are most needed for feeding during growth. Adult strawberry especially needs nutrients during fruiting.
Top-dressing in the first year
Strawberry is fertilized, including the age of planting. For the first time, feeding is done for it in September - when preparing the beds. In this case, phosphoric fertilizers and organic substances are added to the ground in the area reserved for this berry. Nitrogen top dressing for this crop in the first year of growth is not recommended. Otherwise, all the forces of the plant "throw" on the development of leaves, and not berries. A good answer to the question of what is fed strawberries for a good harvest is a mixture of the following composition: 8-9 kg of humus, 80 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium salt. In case of its use during planting for the next year, strawberries are not fertilized. But if desired, before fruiting, the bushes can be poured with a special solution of the mullein. For its preparation, take two cups of manure and one tablespoon of ammonium. All this is stirred in a bucket of water and watered beds in the amount of one liter per bush.
The second year after planting: how to fertilize in spring
An excellent answer to the question of what feed strawberries in the spring, are primarily nitrogen or complex compounds. It can be, for example, urea. She is bred in the amount of 1 tbsp. l. on a bucket of water and water the plants under the root. Very often, instead of urea, nitroammophosco is used in the same proportion.
Also, sometimes to support the growth of green mass of plants, gardeners use organic matter: mullein or chicken droppings. They are used in the amount of half a liter of solution per plant.
Next, let's see what feed strawberries during flowering and ovary fruit. During this period plants need a lot of potassium. Therefore, the best kind of feeding for them will be wood ash. You can also use potassium or poultry droppings. The ash is brought into the aisles in the amount of one handful per bush. Often a solution is prepared from it. For this, a glass of ash is poured into hot water (1 liter). The resulting mixture is insisted for 24 hours and poured into a bucket filled with a warmed-up water. Top dressing is made at the rate of 1 liter per bush.
Potassium nitrate is used in an amount of 100 g per 10 m 2. Bird droppings are bred as standard. They should be watered strictly under the root.
What feed strawberries in autumn
After harvesting, the plants also need to be fertilized. Most often at this time, use ash in the same proportions as in the summer. In its solution, you can add a little nitroammophoski - 2 tbsp. l.
An excellent answer to the question of what feed strawberries in autumn is also urea. The use of this fertilizer helps to lay new flower buds. As mulch for strawberries for the winter you can use manure or compost.
What you should know
Thus, we have found out what they feed strawberries after harvest, in spring and summer. The technology described above is considered standard. Thus, they feed strawberries planted on nutritious garden soils. However, many sites are located in areas with not very suitable for cultivation of garden crops. In this case, plants simply need to be tracked. If the strawberries suddenly turned pale leaves, and it began to bear very small berries - then it lacks nitrogen. That is, it should be fed with manure or urea.
If the berries are too acidic for strawberries, some potash fertilizer should be placed under the bushes. This can be, for example, wood ash or chicken droppings. If the leaves of the strawberry have acquired a reddish-brown tinge, and its growth has slowed down - it is worth using phosphorus compounds.
How to properly fertilize
So, what you feed strawberries, you now know. Next, let's see how to do it right. When performing such an operation as feeding strawberries, it is necessary to take into account that:
- You can apply fertilizers only in clean beds. That is, the planting should be cleaned of debris and cut off all the wilted leaves from the plants.
- Use any chloride fertilizer to feed strawberries can not.
- Liming acid soil under this crop is allowed only in the autumn.
- You can feed strawberries anytime. However, during the flowering period, this should not be done more than once.
- Urea, nitrofosca, etc. - this is what feed strawberries most often. Fertilizers are environmentally relatively harmless. However, their dosage should be kept exactly.
- Chicken manure should be used only in solution. When sprinkled dry, plants can stop bearing fruit.
Infusion of nettle
The fertilizers described above are what feed strawberries more often. However, you can use other means for this garden crop. For example, in recent years, many owners of summer cottages prefer to use for strawberries such kind of fertilizing, as the infusion of nettle. Prepare it as follows:
- a bucket of sliced and mashed nettle is poured with warm water,
- leave the solution infused for several days,
- decant the liquid.
The resulting infusion is treated with plants for the first time in the spring - when a bush is formed. It is also used for fertilizing plants in the fall. As a result of the use of nettle on bushes, very large and juicy berries grow.
Thus, we have found out what feed strawberries after harvesting, during flowering and fruiting. The application of all the fertilizers described above makes it possible to significantly increase the yield of this crop. You can use any of them. The most important thing is to observe the dosage and time of application.