If experts in architecture in their work focused only on standards of manufacturers of building and finishing materials, then the cities and houses would be approximately the same. These are standard cubic buildings, somewhat reminiscent of anthills. But fortunately, the architects have a good sense of style and keep pace with the times. Artistic taste is taking into account rational calculations. Of course, this gives builders and interior specialists some difficulties. This is the work with porcelain tiles, wood, fitting elements from plastic and metal, as well as other works.
Specifically porcelain stoneware is quite modern material and there are questions on working with it. For example, not every master knows how to cut porcelain tiles at home. But the laying of tiles necessarily implies cutting. Below we will consider the most effective ways that are available at home without having a special tool.
Ceramic granite in the classical version is a beautiful rectangular tile with or without drawing.
The image can be both surface and deep with imitation of natural stone. However, in its properties, the tile of this material is much superior to stone. Porcelain products can be used for facing works on floors, walls, window sills. It looks great on the countertops. Often, porcelain stoves are trimmed with bar counters and store counters.
It combines the characteristics of ceramics and the properties of natural stone. This finishing material is obtained by pressing the powder. It is a mixture of sand, clay, kaolin. The resulting powder is pre-fired in ovens. Modern technologies allow producing tiles of any colors. In the powder, special coloring oxides are introduced. You can also get any invoice. Today, sold glazed, matte, polished, structured and other types.
Among the properties of the material, high strength can be distinguished. It is much stronger than analogs. Also, the tile has a high wear and frost resistance. The porcelain is refractory and has an aesthetic appearance. The tile is durable, environmentally friendly. High strength is due to the almost complete absence of pores in the structure. Also, the material can not be scratched, it is not colored. That is why many people are wondering how to cut ceramic tiles at home.
Methods of cutting ceramic granite
Often such a tile is characterized by extraordinary strength, which means that high demands are placed on its processing. The process of cutting ceramic granite is quite complex and requires special skills and tools.
Despite the popularity and wide prevalence, there are not so many cutting methods. Methods differ in the tool used. It is possible to cut using mechanical tile cutters. You can also use an ordinary and familiar Bulgarian. Still there is a method with the use of electric tiles. Artistic cutting is carried out using hydroabrasive technology.
All methods can be divided into two groups, which are performed independently or in industrial conditions. The first three options can be done at home. But for work with a hydroabrasive method, production machines will be required. The process is quite noisy, requires a lot of water and electricity. Therefore, consider how to cut ceramic tiles at home.
Mechanical tile cutting machine
This tool is effective in those cases where it is simply necessary to cut the product in size without any art delights. If you need to get different cutouts and angles, then this option will not work.
But at the same time, mechanical tile cutting allows to obtain sufficiently accurate dimensions. Another plus is the ease of operation. But when dealing with porcelain stoneware it is necessary to take into account some factors. The material has a different structure than ceramics. There is a high risk of chipping in the process of breaking. There are some rules for how to cut ceramic granite tiles at home with this tool.
Diamond wheel on the work surface should be conducted no more than once. In this case, the motion should be as smooth as possible, and the force should be the same along the entire length of the cut. Tiles must be held by hand. To split the porcelain stoneware, the lever is pressed gently, however strongly enough. A mechanical tile cutter allows cutting the tile quickly and clearly. And if you need to correct chipped, it can always be done with a grinding wheel.
Working with a Bulgarian
With this tool you can cut anything. And our material is no exception. If we cut porcelain tiles at home, then we should buy a special circle with diamond dusting.
The cutting process will be dry. In order not to damage the cutting line, and also not to damage the surface of the tile, the contour of the future cut is preliminarily marked with chalk, marker or pencil. Next, the tile must be secured to a stable surface. The disk is installed in the direction of travel and necessarily apply a large force in the process. Before starting to cut, it is recommended to retreat slightly from the line of marking. Move the tool smoothly, and at the edges should slow down. Among the shortcomings of the use of Bulgarian for these purposes, there is a high level of risk of chipping. And this is a marriage. This is important when working with glazed tiles.
Electric tile cutting machine
The owners of electric machines can tell how to cut ceramic granite tiles at home. With the help of this equipment it is possible to obtain a higher accuracy and speed than with a mechanical analogue or a Bulgarian. The design of the device is simple. The tool consists of two parts. It's a desktop and an electric drive. For all its simplicity, there are a huge number of modifications of this equipment. So, as a finishing chosen porcelain. Than to cut faster, easier? Of course, electric tiles.
On sale you can find mechanisms with a fixed type of drive, as well as with a movable cutting tool. The first group of devices requires manual feed of material under the cutting edge. This will require maximum concentration and some experience. The second group is a safer and more precise cutting of granite. The better to cut at home, everyone decides for himself. But it is necessary to take into account that the process is very dusty. In the case of electric tile cutters, it settles in a container of water.
Advantages of electric tile cutters
The main advantage is the ease and speed of work. In a short time, you can process quite large volumes of tiles. Also there is no need for additional processing of the edges. The cutting is maximally even and clean. The disc is equipped with a special swivel mechanism. You can fix the position at any angle to the table. This allows you to cut at different angles.
An experienced specialist is able to perform even figured cutouts of any shape with the help of electric tile cutters. On sale there is a special outdoor porcelain tiles. How and how to cut it? The answer is only electric tiles. In other ways, you can only spoil the expensive material.
Also, the advantages of this equipment and the method of cutting porcelain stoneware include the possibility of adjusting the feed of the cutting element to different parts. Thus, at the beginning and at the end the feed must be slow, while in the middle it can be accelerated. With the help of this equipment, effective cutting of porcelain stoneware is performed. Technologies of irreproachable cut can not even be used here.
Even with a small experience, the cut will be perfectly smooth without any chips.
Cutting ceramic granite with a hydroabrasive method
This technology is used only at production sites. In addition, specialized equipment is involved here. Tiles of simple shapes can be cut as you like. But here you can get a complex profile, elements of various panels, complex figures and compositions in this way only. Hydroabrasive technology means water and a special powder. The mixture is fed into the nozzle of the system under high pressure. Cutting is done by a thin stream. This guarantees the highest accuracy. This method is used for the production of artistic compositions based on porcelain stoneware. The very process of cutting is done quickly enough.
So, now the house masters know how and how to cut porcelain stoneware at home. This will greatly facilitate the process of laying the tiles. Even novices can cope with this case.