Leg pains worry many young people and those who have crossed the line of maturity. Unfortunately, often pain in the lower extremities is perceived as an insignificant problem that must go away by itself. In fact, such symptoms are almost always a signal of a progressive disease that can lead to significant complications.
Why legs start to hurt
Initially, it is worth understanding that the legs are made up of muscles, bones, skin, joints and other structural elements. And in fact, each of them, due to various diseases or injuries, can cause discomfort. Moreover, the condition when lower limbs are sore may be familiar not only to elderly people, but also to young people. But if everything is clear with the elderly, then what about the younger generation?
Why healthy, it would seem, people complain of pain in the legs? The causes of this disease can be quite simple: strong physical exertion, shoes that overload the muscles (high heels), uncomfortable body position. Pregnancy and certain oral contraceptives can also cause lower extremity pain.
Unpleasant sensations are possible with the following health problems:
- degenerative-dystrophic processes (flatfoot, arthrosis, etc.);
- radiculitis, sciatica, diabetic polyneuropathy, tunnel syndromes, neuritis;
- impaired water-salt metabolism;
- inflammatory diseases (osteomyelitis, myositis, erysipelas, phlegmon, tendovaginitis, arthritis).
An angiologic surgeon is able to distinguish these diseases from vascular changes in the limbs, which require the participation of another specialist. Pain in the legs causes in this case may have different: violations in the work of the veins, arteries and lymphatic vessels.
This group of diseases includes several key diagnoses that can lead to the emergence of severe pain in the lower extremities.
1. Postthrombophlebitic syndrome. This disease is characteristic of most people who have had to undergo deep vein thrombosis. And it means the destruction of the valve apparatus, as a result of which the venous blood flow is disturbed. The pain is usually felt after prolonged static loads (lying, sitting or standing). In this case, the legs may swell. To get rid of unpleasant sensations, you must lie down and lift your legs. With this disease, the following symptoms may appear: the hypodermic cellulose and the skin of the affected area are compacted, trophic ulcers appear, hypodermic dermatitis, eczema and skin pigmentation of the legs. At night, convulsions are possible.
2. Varicose veins. In this case, pain in the legs is also possible, the causes of which are rooted in the deformities of the veins.
3. Thrombophlebitis and phlebitis. In fact, phlebitis is an inflammation of the veins, and thrombophlebitis can be defined as its complication. The development of thrombophlebitis leads to the formation of a blood clot and severe pain in the legs, which are combined with edema.
Thus, the violation of the veins can provoke pain in the calves. The reasons of this kind can be considered serious enough to consult a doctor.
Artery related diseases
Considering this group of causes of pain in the lower extremities, it is necessary to pay attention to the following diseases:
1. Obliterating endarteritis. This problem mainly affects middle-aged men and young people. During the development of the disease, the small arteries of the legs are affected. The course of the disease can be described as undulating. This means alternation of exacerbations and remissions. In this disease, intermediate lameness is manifested.
2. Atherosclerosis of lower limb arteries. This is another diagnosis in which the patient has pain in the legs. Causes of strong discomfort lie in the closure, the clogging of blood vessels. The development of this disease is promoted by such factors as a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, hypertension, heredity, obesity, high cholesterol in the blood, diabetes, diseases of the biliary tract and liver.
Due to clogging of the arteries with cholesterol plaques, in the active state, the muscles are not able to receive the required amount of oxygen. The natural reaction of the body in this case - pain. Its consequence is intermediate lameness. The pain in the calves of the legs can have different causes, and most of them are associated precisely with the overlap of the arterial lumen. The pain is felt especially brightly when lifting up or other loads. Feelings can be so heavy that people with this problem often have to stop while driving.
Causes of pain in the leg from the hip may also be related to atherosclerosis. In this case, there is every reason to suspect a blockage of the arteries at the pelvic level. At the same time, the degree of discomfort does not depend on sudden movements and turns of the body.
Signs of atherosclerosis can also be cramps, heaviness in the legs, and weakness.
3. Thrombosis and embolism of arteries. In this case, the arteries are blocked by a specific substance (for example, a blood clot in the case of thrombosis). In the part of the leg that ate from the blocked artery, there is spilled pain. First, pallor appears on the limb, and then blue, and the pulse ceases to be felt. The next stage of the disease is numbness, and in some cases, paralysis. This condition is very dangerous, because without timely treatment, there is a high risk of ischemia, moist gangrene and, as a result, limb amputation.
4. Berger's disease (thrombangitis obliterans). Pathology is characterized as a disease of young male smokers. With this diagnosis, exacerbations and remissions alternate. Often there is pain in the feet, the causes and consequences of which are so serious that in every second such a disease leads to amputation at the level of the fingers of the lower limb, the foot and even the thigh.
As a key feature of thrombangitis obliterans can be determined by the symmetry of the lesion of both legs. The upper limbs may also be involved in the disease process. But in most cases only the legs are affected.
As for problems with the lymphatic system, it makes sense to talk about diseases such as lymphangitis (inflammation of the lymphatic vessels) and lymphadenitis (inflammation of the lymph nodes). The most common cause of the development of these ailments is staphylococcus, which penetrates the lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes during various inflammatory skin diseases.
Why do caviar hurt
The most common causes of pain in the calves include myositis, osteochondrosis, and chronic diseases of the spine. If we touch upon myositis in more detail, then it is worth noting that this pathology leads to the development of chronic or acute muscle inflammation. This disease occurs in most cases due to infection or hypothermia of the lower extremities. Pain in the leg muscles, the causes of which are associated with myositis, can occur both in a particular part of the limb and in large muscle arrays. It is not uncommon for other anatomical structures that are close to the muscles to be involved in the disease process. These are skin, nerve fibers and joints.
Severe pain in the calf area may indicate that the patient is progressing diabetes. The consequence of this disease is the defeat of small vessels and large arteries. As a result, tissues do not receive the required amount of nutrients in general and oxygen in particular. The result of such processes is the accumulation of metabolic by-products and carbon dioxide.
Pain in the joints of the arms and legs: causes
Joint pain can appear for various reasons: osteoporosis, arthrosis, arthritis, etc. For example, arthritis provokes inflammation and subsequent swelling of the articulation, which is accompanied by pain. However, this disease has several varieties: gout, osteoarthritis, infectious and rheumatoid arthritis. Pain in the arms and legs, the causes of which are related to the above-mentioned diseases clearly deserve the attention of a qualified doctor.
In the case of gout, a metabolic disorder occurs. Osteoarthritis has a very slow development. The disease can progress from several months to several years. The area of inflammation is the joints of the hands, knees, and even the hip joint.
A disease such as arthrosis leads to the destruction of articular cartilage. Pain in the joints of the arms and legs, the causes of which are associated with the development of arthrosis, can be quite severe. This disease can be attributed to age. The cause of its development is a metabolic disorder in the joint, hereditary predisposition, hormonal changes, too much physical exertion, injuries and arthritis. As a result of the development of the disease, a change in the color of the cartilage occurs and the loss of its elasticity.
Why hurt the foot
If we consider the pain in the feet, then as the main causes of their occurrence can be identified varicose veins, osteoporosis, plantar fasciitis, obliterating endarteritis, flatfoot, diabetes and other diseases.
Each person has a suspended fascia in the foot. This is a plate of connective tissue that runs along the entire surface of the sole. The role of this plate is that it strengthens the foot. But if the fascia is affected by constant overloads, it can become inflamed and injured. Pain in the feet due to plantar fasciitis in most cases occurs in those people who have congenital weakness of the connective tissue. Pain in the development of this disease occurs on the rise and in the side of the foot. At the same time, they can increase after heavy loads or long walk.
Such a common cause of pain in the legs, such as flat feet, occurs due to insufficient or excessive load on the feet, improper heredity, overweight or the use of uncomfortable shoes. This pathology can develop against the background of diseases such as poliomyelitis and diabetes. The essence of the disease is that the ligament-muscular mechanism of the foot ceases to fully function. Since flat feet in the articulation of the foot are in the wrong position, there is an additional load on the other joints of the legs, spine and base of the skull. The result of these processes may be pinching the nerve roots. This, in turn, can lead to the development of serious pathologies of the musculoskeletal system.
As you can see, pain in the lower back and legs can be completely different. Therefore, at the first sign of discomfort, it is worth visiting a doctor.
In children from 3 to 15 years, a disease such as aseptic necrosis of the femoral head (Perthes disease) is often observed. Under this diagnosis is to understand the complete destruction and subsequent restoration of the femoral head in a child. This process usually lasts 3-4 years. Delving into the topic: "Pain in the joints of the legs: causes and treatment," it is worth noting that with such a disease as aseptic necrosis, the symptoms in the first stages of development are virtually invisible. For this reason, most parents visit a doctor with their children, already when destructive processes cause significant damage.
Perthes disease can develop against the background of congenital circulatory disorders of the hip joint. In this case, the pain is felt in the area of the knee and hip joints, resulting in a limp. If during the entire period of the disease to immobilize the affected leg, the damage can be minimized. Otherwise there is a risk of arthrosis.
Why legs hurt during pregnancy
In fact, all the reasons why women may experience pain in their legs when carrying a child can be divided into two groups:
- pathological (develop on the background of various diseases);
- physiological (are natural for the period of pregnancy).
If we talk about the physiological causes of pain, then they should include the change in weight and the pressure of the baby’s head on the pelvis. In the case when there is a significant set of extra pounds, the main burden falls on the pelvis and spine, as well as lower limbs. Causes of pain in the leg muscles can also be of a different nature. This is the effect of various pathologies:
- decrease in the content of such trace elements as magnesium and calcium;
- thrombophlebitis of deep and superficial veins;
Pain in the leg: causes
Start with the problem of lumbago disease. This diagnosis is made in the case when a sharp pain in the lumbar region gives up the whole leg, and sometimes even reaches the toes. Lumbago are felt in moments of strong physical exertion due to overstressed muscles.
Others may have causes for back pains that go up in the foot. For example, in case of lumbar ischia, a person feels a sharp pain from the lumbar and sacral region to the foot. With these symptoms, which occur suddenly, it is almost impossible to rely on a sore leg.
Lumbodynia can also be attributed to one of the causes of shooting pain. Under this diagnosis is to understand the pain resulting from the wear of intervertebral discs. This condition is characterized by swelling of the tissues surrounding the spine, and numbness of the legs.
Often the pain in the lower back, giving in the foot, are the reasons associated with pinching of the sciatic nerve. Squeezing of the nerve occurs, as a rule, with osteochondrosis or spinal hernia. The result of such processes is severe pain that progresses to the back of the thigh, while going down to the lower leg and foot. The problem with the sciatic nerve is quite serious and deserves special attention. Therefore, to neglect the visit to the doctor with such a diagnosis is not worth it.
Leg pain treatment
Since the pain in the feet of the feet can be completely different (as well as the pain in other parts of the legs), it is necessary to undergo a diagnosis and determine the essence of the problem. Only in this case, with the participation of a qualified doctor, treatment will be effective.
It will not be superfluous to get information about ointments that can reduce the intensity of pain. It makes sense to pay attention to the "Neovitin" - extract of ginseng. This ointment significantly reduces pain in the feet, as well as the calf muscles. It contains peptides that have a beneficial effect on blood circulation, chlorophyll derivatives that are capable of wound healing and antimicrobial effects, as well as castor oil, which is necessary for softening the skin.
Continuing to study the topic: "Pain in the joints of the legs: causes and treatment," you should pay attention to the properties of the gel "Antistaks". This tool is suitable for those who constantly and a lot of running and stably loads the legs. This gel allows you to remove the sensations of pain in the legs and feet.
In order to achieve effective neutralization of pain in the legs, you should use the cream “Ketonal”, which has a high concentration of ketoprofen. This fact is due to the anti-inflammatory effect of this tool. It is prescribed, as a rule, to relieve acute pain in the joints and muscles.
Understanding the issue of "pain in the legs: causes, treatment," it is important to consider the use of "Olfen-gel", which is indicated for rheumatic and post-traumatic inflammations. The gel is designed for accelerated recovery of motor function through an analgesic effect.
Pain relief techniques
One of the most common and effective methods of dealing with pain in the legs is a competent massage. Proper massaging of the legs after a hard day will have a beneficial effect on muscles, blood vessels and sweat glands, as well as improve blood circulation and accelerate metabolic processes. Trying to understand the topic: "Pain in the muscles of the legs: causes," it is worth understanding that good blood flow is one of the foundations of the health of both joints and muscles. When this is necessary to take into account the fact that those people who have been diagnosed with edema, varicose veins and skin diseases, night massage is contraindicated.
The pain in the feet, often caused by poor blood flow and muscle overload, can also be neutralized by massaging.
Another way to get your feet in order is to use contrasting temperatures. To do this, take two tanks with a volume of 6-7 liters and fill one of them with moderately hot water (40 degrees) and the other with cold water (15 degrees). Next, you need to lower both legs alternately in cool and warm water. This procedure should be repeated several times. In conclusion, you need to rub the feet and leg muscles with a towel.
As a result, we can conclude that in most cases, pain in the legs is a signal of another disease. And this means that you should not get involved in self-treatment. Instead, it is better to undergo a diagnosis in a modern clinic, which will reveal the essence of the problem.