Pain in the legs disturbs many young people and those who have crossed the line of maturity. Unfortunately, often the pain in the lower limbs is perceived as an insignificant problem, which must pass by itself. In fact, such symptoms are almost always a signal of a progressive disease that can lead to significant complications.
Why the legs start to hurt
Initially, it is necessary to understand that the legs consist of muscles, bones, skin, joints and other structural elements. And in fact each of them due to various diseases or injuries can cause discomfort. And the condition, when the lower limbs hurt, may be familiar not only to older people, but also to young people. But if everything is clear with the elderly, then what about the younger generation?
Why healthy, it would seem, people complain of pain in their legs? The causes of such ailment can be quite simple: a strong physical load, shoes that overload the muscles (high heels), uncomfortable position of the body. Pregnancy and taking certain oral contraceptives can also provoke pain in the lower extremities.
Unpleasant sensations are possible with the following health problems:
- degenerative-dystrophic processes (flat feet, arthrosis, etc.);
- sciatica, sciatica, diabetic polyneuropathy, tunnel syndromes, neuritis;
- disturbed water-salt metabolism;
- inflammatory diseases (osteomyelitis, myositis, erysipelas, phlegmon, tendovaginitis, arthritis).
The surgeon-angiologist is able to distinguish these diseases from vascular changes in the extremities that require the participation of another specialist. The pain in the legs causes in this case can have different: disturbances in the work of veins, arteries and lymphatic vessels.
Diseases of the veins
To this group of diseases can be attributed several key diagnoses that can lead to severe pain in the lower extremities.
1. Post thrombophlebitic syndrome. This disease is characteristic of most people who have had a deep vein thrombosis. And it means destruction of the valve apparatus, as a result of which the venous blood flow is disturbed. Pain is usually felt after prolonged static loads (lying, sitting or standing). In this case, the legs may swell. To get rid of discomfort, you need to lie down and lift your legs. With this disease, the following symptoms can appear: compacting the subcutaneous tissue and skin of the affected area, there are trophic ulcers, subcutaneous dermatitis, eczema and skin pigmentation of the shins. At night, cramps are possible.
2. Varicose veins. In this case, also pain in the legs, the causes of which lie in the deformation of the veins, are possible.
3. Thrombophlebitis and phlebitis. In fact, phlebitis is an inflammation of the veins, and thrombophlebitis can be defined as its complication. The development of thrombophlebitis leads to the formation of thrombus and severe pain in the legs, which are combined with edema.
Thus, a disturbance in the work of the veins can provoke pain in the calves of the legs. Causes of this kind can be considered serious enough to call a doctor.
Diseases associated with the arteries
Considering this group of causes of pain in the lower extremities, it is necessary to pay attention to the following diseases:
1. Obliterating endarteritis. This problem is mainly pursued by middle-aged men and young people. In the course of the development of the disease small foot arteries are affected. The course of the disease can be characterized as undulating. This means alternation of exacerbations and remissions. With such a disease, intermediate lameness manifests itself.
2. Atherosclerosis of the arteries of the lower extremities. This is another diagnosis, in which the patient is concerned about leg pain. The causes of strong unpleasant sensations lie in the closing, the vascular infection. The development of this disease is facilitated by factors such as a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, hypertension, heredity, obesity, high cholesterol in the blood, diabetes, bile duct disease and liver.
Due to clogging of the arteries with cholesterol plaques, the muscles are unable to receive the required amount of oxygen in the active state. The natural reaction of the body in this case is pain. Its consequence is the intermediate lameness. Pain in calf legs causes can be different, and most of them are associated with overlapping of the arterial lumen. Pain is felt especially brightly when lifting up or other loads. Sensations can be so severe that people with this problem often have to stop while driving.
The causes of leg pain from the hip may also be related to atherosclerosis. In this case, there is every reason to suspect a blockage of arteries at the level of the pelvis. In this case, the degree of discomfort does not depend on sharp movements and twists of the trunk.
Signs of atherosclerosis can also be cramps, heaviness in the legs and weakness.
3. Thrombosis and embolism of the arteries. In this case, the arteries are clogged with a certain substance (for example, a blood clot in case of thrombosis). In that part of the leg, which was nourished from the blocked artery, there is a spilled pain. First, the paleness appears on the limb, and after - the blue, at the same time the pulse is no longer felt. The next stage in the development of the disease is numbness, and in some cases, paralysis. This condition is very dangerous, because without timely treatment, there is a high risk of developing ischemia, moist gangrene and eventually - limb amputation.
4. Berger's disease (obliterating thromboangitis). Pathology is characterized as a disease of young smokers. With this diagnosis, exacerbations and remissions alternate. Often there is pain in the soles of the feet, the causes and consequences of which are so serious that every second such disease leads to amputation at the level of the fingers of the lower limb, foot and even thigh.
As a key feature of obliterating thromboangitis, it is possible to determine the symmetry of the lesion of both legs. The upper limbs may be involved in the process of the disease. But in most cases, only the legs are affected.
As for problems with the lymphatic system, it makes sense to talk about such diseases as lymphangitis (inflammation of the lymphatic vessels) and lymphadenitis (inflammation of the lymph nodes). The most common cause of these ailments is staphylococcus, which penetrates into lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes during various inflammatory skin diseases.
Why do calves hurt?
The most common of the causes of pain in calves can be called myositis, osteochondrosis and chronic diseases of the spine. If to touch more in detail myositis, it is worth noting that this pathology leads to the development of chronic or acute inflammation of the muscles. This disease occurs in most cases due to infection or hypothermia of the lower extremities. Pain in the leg muscles, whose causes are associated with myositis, can occur both in a specific part of the limb and in large muscle massifs. It is not uncommon for cases when other anatomical entities that are near the muscles are involved in the disease process. It's about the skin, nerve fibers and joints.
Severe pain in the area of calves may also indicate that the patient is suffering from diabetes mellitus. The consequence of this ailment is the defeat of small vessels and large arteries. As a result, tissues do not receive the right amount of nutrients in general and oxygen in particular. The result of such processes is the accumulation of by-products of metabolism and carbon dioxide.
Pain in joints of hands and feet: causes
Pain in the joints can appear for various reasons: osteoporosis, arthrosis, arthritis, etc. For example, arthritis provokes inflammation and a subsequent swelling of the joint, which is accompanied by pain. This disease has several varieties: gout, osteoarthritis, infectious and rheumatoid arthritis. The pain in the hands and feet, the causes of which are related to the aforementioned diseases, definitely deserve the attention of a qualified physician.
In the case of gout, there is a metabolic disorder. Osteoarthritis has a very slow development. The disease can progress from several months to several years. The area affected by inflammation is the junction of the hands, knees and even the hip joint.
Such a disease, as arthrosis, leads to destruction of the articular cartilage. Pain in the joints of the hands and feet, whose causes are associated with the development of arthrosis, can be quite strong. This disease can be attributed to the age. The cause of its development is a violation of metabolism in the joint, hereditary predisposition, hormonal changes, too strong physical activity, trauma and arthritis. As a result of the development of the disease, the color of the cartilage changes and the loss of its elasticity.
Why do my feet hurt?
If to consider pains in the soles of the feet, then as the main reasons for their occurrence it is possible to designate varicose veins, osteoporosis, plantar fasciitis, obliterating endarteritis, flat feet, diabetes and other diseases.
Every person in the foot has a suspended fascia. It is a plate of connective tissue that runs along the entire surface of the sole. The role of this plate is that it strengthens the foot. But if the fascia is acted upon by constant overloads, then it can become inflamed and injured. Pain in the soles of the feet due to plantar fasciitis in most cases occurs in those people who have a congenital weakness of connective tissue. Painful sensations in the development of this disease occur on the rise and in the lateral part of the foot. In this case, they can intensify after heavy loads or prolonged walking.
Such a common cause of leg pain, like flat feet, occurs due to insufficient or excessive load on the feet, improper heredity, overweight or the use of uncomfortable shoes. This pathology can develop against a background of diseases such as poliomyelitis and diabetes mellitus. The essence of the ailment is reduced to the fact that the ligamentous-muscular mechanism of the foot stops functioning fully. Since the feet are in the wrong position when the feet are flat, the feet are in a different position on the other joints of the legs, the spine and the base of the skull. The result of such processes may be pinching the nerve roots. This, in turn, can lead to the development of serious pathologies of the musculoskeletal system.
As you can see, pain in the lower back and legs causes can be absolutely different. Therefore at the first signs of unpleasant sensations it is worth to visit a doctor.
In children from 3 to 15 years, a disease is often observed, such as aseptic necrosis of the head of the femur (Perthes disease). Under this diagnosis is to understand the complete destruction and subsequent restoration of the head of the femur in the child. This process usually lasts 3-4 years. Deepening into the topic: "Pain in the joints of the legs: causes and treatment", it is worth noting that with a disease such as aseptic necrosis, the symptoms in the first stages of development are virtually invisible. For this reason, most parents visit the doctor with their children, already when the destructive processes cause significant damage.
Perthes disease can develop against a background of congenital disorders of the blood supply to the hip joint. This pain is felt in the knee and hip joints, resulting in lameness. If the injured leg is immobilized throughout the course of the disease, the damage can be minimized. Otherwise, there is a risk of arthrosis.
Why legs hurt during pregnancy
In fact, all the reasons why women during pregnancy can experience pain in their legs can be divided into two groups:
- pathological (develop against a background of various diseases);
- Physiological (are natural for the period of pregnancy).
If we talk about the physiological causes of pain, then they include the change in weight and pressure of the baby's head on the pelvis. In the case when there is a significant set of extra pounds, the main load falls on the pelvis and spine, as well as lower limbs. The pains in the muscles of the legs of the cause may have a different nature. It is about the influence of various pathologies:
- decrease in the content of trace elements, such as magnesium and calcium;
- thrombophlebitis of deep and superficial veins;
Pain giving in the foot: causes
To begin it is necessary with such problem, as illness or disease ljumbago. This diagnosis is made in the case when acute pain in the lumbar region gives the whole leg, and sometimes even reaches the fingers. Lumbago is felt at times of intense physical exertion due to muscle overstrain.
Pain in the lower back, giving in the foot, the reasons can be and others. For example, with lumboschialgia, a person feels a sharp pain from the lumbar and sacral area to the foot. With similar symptoms that occur suddenly, it is almost impossible to rely on a sore leg.
Lumbalia can also be attributed to one of the causes of shooting pain. Under this diagnosis is to understand the pain, which is the consequence of wear of the intervertebral discs. For this condition, there is a swelling of the tissues surrounding the spine, and numbness of the legs.
Often, pain in the lower back, giving in the foot, the reasons have, associated with a pinch of the sciatic nerve. Nerve compression occurs, as a rule, with osteochondrosis or dorsal hernia. The result of such processes is severe pain, which progresses to the posterior surface of the thigh, descending to the shin and foot. The problem with the sciatic nerve is serious enough and deserves special attention. Therefore, to neglect a visit to a doctor with a similar diagnosis is not necessary.
Treatment of pain in the legs
Since the pain in the foot of the foot causes can be completely different (as well as pain in other parts of the legs), it is necessary to pass the diagnosis and determine the essence of the problem. Only in this case, with the participation of a qualified doctor, treatment will be effective.
It will not be superfluous to obtain information about ointments that can reduce the intensity of the pain syndrome. It makes sense to pay attention to "Neovitin" - extract from ginseng. This ointment significantly reduces the pain in the feet, as well as the calf muscles. It contains peptides that have a beneficial effect on blood circulation, chlorophyll derivatives, which are able to have wound healing and antimicrobial effects, as well as castor oil, necessary for softening the skin.
Continuing to study the topic: "Pain in the joints of the legs: causes and treatment", it is worth paying attention to the properties of the gel "Antistaks". This tool is suitable for those who constantly and a lot of running around and stably loads their feet. This gel allows you to remove the sensation of pain in the legs and feet.
In order to achieve effective neutralization of pain in the legs, it is necessary to use the cream "Ketonal", which has a high concentration of ketoprofen. It is this fact that determines the anti-inflammatory effect of this drug. He is prescribed, as a rule, to relieve acute pain in the joints and muscles.
Understanding the issue of "pain in the legs: causes, treatment", it is important to consider the use of "Olfen-gel", which is indicated for rheumatic and post-traumatic inflammations. The gel is designed for accelerated recovery of motor function through analgesic effect.
Pain Relief Techniques
One of the most common and effective methods to combat pain in the legs is a competent massage. Proper massage of the feet after a hard day will have a beneficial effect on muscles, blood vessels and sweat glands, and also improve blood circulation and speed up metabolic processes. Trying to understand the topic: "Pain in the leg muscles: the causes", it is worthwhile to understand that good blood flow is one of the bases of health of both joints and muscles. With this it is necessary to take into account the fact that those people who have had edema, varicose veins and skin diseases, night massage is contraindicated.
Pain in the soles of the feet, the causes of which are often associated with poor blood flow and muscle overload, can also be neutralized by massaging.
Another way to get your feet in order is to use contrasting temperatures. To do this, take two tanks of 6-7 liters and fill one of them in moderation with hot water (40 degrees) and the other - cold (15 degrees). Next, both legs should be lowered alternately into cool and warm water. This procedure should be repeated several times. In the end, you need to rub the foot and leg muscles with a towel.
As a result, we can conclude that in the vast majority of cases, leg pain is a signal of another disease. And this means that you should not get involved in self-medication. Instead, it is better to go through the diagnosis in a modern clinic, which will reveal the essence of the problem.