Our ancestors, the Eastern Slavs, though they were drowning in the darkness of paganism, and worshiped not only God, but the whole pantheon of gods, which are forces of nature, were, in that case, intelligent and very observant people. They noticed, for example, that each season has its own, definite phase of the heavenly body. Here are just a conclusion made somewhat hasty - if the nature of the sun changes four times a year, it means that there must be four gods who command them.
Cityrealty the sun God of the Slavs
The logic of their reasoning was simple and worldly clear. But the same god could not, in fact, arrange the heat in the summer from which the earth was burnt, and in the winter to allow frost to hold down nature with ice. So they put the responsibility for everything that happens in the annual cycle on four gods - Horse, Yarilu, Dazhdbog and Svarog. Thus, the sun god in Slavic mythology turned out to be four-faced.
God of the winter sun
New year at our ancestors came on the day of the winter solstice, that is, at the end of December. From that day until the spring solstice, Horse entered its rights. This sun god among the Slavs had the appearance of a middle-aged husband dressed in an azure-colored cloak, under which was a shirt sewn from coarse linen and the same ports. On his face, rosy from the frost, always lay the seal of sadness from the consciousness of his powerlessness in the face of the night chill.
However, he was quite able to pacify blizzards and blizzards. When it appeared in the sky, they respectfully subsided. Horse loved in his honor noisy festivities, accompanied by round dances, singing and even swimming in ice holes. But this god had a dark side - one of his incarnations was responsible for the fierce winter frost. For the Slavs, the day of Hors was considered Sunday, and the metal was silver.
Spring and Giddy God
With the onset of spring the horse was retired and his place was taken by Jari ― next in line, the sun God of the Slavs. He reigned until the summer solstice. In contrast to the unassuming appearance of the horse, Jari was presented in the form of a young blue-eyed, handsome with Golden hair. Beautifully decorated with a scarlet cloak, he sat on a fiery steed, fending off the late cold flaming arrows.
True, even in those times, evil tongues attributed to him a certain similarity with the loving Greek god Eros and even with Bacchus - the god of wine and noisy merriment. It is possible that there was a grain of truth in that, because under the rays of the spring sun, the hop heads of our ancestors circled around the hops of voluptuousness. For this, the Slavs called him the god of youth and (lowering his voice) love joys.
Summer sun lord
But spring days passed, and the next sun god came into his own. Among the Eastern Slavs, he was portrayed as the most magnificent and dignified lord of the daylight. His name was Dazhbog. He made his way across the sky, standing in a chariot drawn by four gold-maned winged horses. The glow from his shield was the very sunlight that illuminated the earth on fine summer days.
The veneration of Dazhbog in our ancestors was so wide that the traces of its temples were discovered by scientists during the excavations of most ancient sites of ancient settlements. A characteristic feature of his cult is the presence of runes - samples of ancient sacral writing, designed to protect their owner from evil forces and help in all undertakings. Unusual sign Dazhdbog - solar square. This is an equilateral quadrilateral in which a cross is inscribed with edges bent at right angles.
And finally, the last sun god in the legends of the Slavs is Svarog. All autumn with its rainy days and the first night frosts was the period of his reign. According to the legends, Svarog brought people a lot of useful and necessary knowledge. He taught them to make fire, forge metal, and farm the land. Even the usual plow in a peasant farm is a gift of Svarog. He taught the hostesses how to make cheese and curd from milk.
Svarog is the oldest sun-God of the ancient Slavs. He begot sons who joined a Pantheon of pagan gods and generally had a lot in my life. But old age takes its toll, and so it is autumn the sun cold and dark. Like all old people, Svarog loves to bask. His temple (place of worship) can be any forge or simply furnace would only warm the old bones. This is attested to in the archeological finds. His image was met, as a rule, in places where first bred the fire.
Old Slavic god Ra
In conclusion, it should be mentioned that another sun god is also known among the Slavs. About him preserved only echoes of ancient legends. According to these tales, he bore the same name as his Egyptian counterpart Ra, and was the father of two pagan gods, Veles and Hors. The latter, as we know, followed in the footsteps of his father and eventually took his place, however, confining himself to reign in the winter. The god Ra himself did not die, but, according to legend, having reached old age, turned into a large and full-flowing river called the Volga.