Our ancestors, the Eastern Slavs, even though they drowned in the darkness of paganism and worshiped not a single God, but the whole pantheon of gods, representing the forces of nature, were mean and intelligent people. They noticed, for example, that each season corresponds to a specific phase of the heavenly body. But the conclusion was somewhat hasty - if the nature of the sun changes four times a year, then there must be four gods who command them.
Cityrealty the sun God of the Slavs
The logic of their reasoning was simple and understandable. It could not really be the same God to arrange the heat in the summer, from which the earth burned out, and in winter to allow frost to shackle the nature with ice. That put the responsibility for everything that happens in the annual cycle for the four gods - Khors, Yaril, Dazhbog and Svarog. Thus, the sun god in Slavic mythology turned four-faced.
God of the winter sun
New Year's at our ancestors came on the winter solstice, that is, at the end of December. From this day until the spring solstice, Horse entered into his own rights. This god of sun in the Slavs looked like a certain middle-aged man, clothed in a raincoat cape, under which he could see a shirt sewn from a rough cloth, and the same ports. On his face, ruddy from the frost, there always lay a seal of sadness from the consciousness of his impotence before the night's cold.
However, he was quite capable of pacifying snowstorms and blizzards. When it appeared in the sky, they respectfully subsided. Horse loved in his honor noisy festivities, accompanied by dances, singing and even swimming in the holes. But there was also a dark side to this deity - one of his incarnations was responsible for the fierce winter frosts. Slavs in the afternoon Horse was considered Sunday, and metal - silver.
The spring and frivolous god
With the onset of spring the horse was retired and his place was taken by Jari ― next in line, the sun God of the Slavs. He reigned until the summer solstice. In contrast to the unassuming appearance of the horse, Jari was presented in the form of a young blue-eyed, handsome with Golden hair. Beautifully decorated with a scarlet cloak, he sat on a fiery steed, fending off the late cold flaming arrows.
True, even in those times evil tongues ascribed to him a certain similarity to the love-loving Greek god Eros and even to Bacchus - the god of wine and noisy fun. Probably, that was the truth, because under the rays of the spring sun, the hopeless heads of our ancestors circled the hopelessness of voluptuousness. For this, his Slavs were called the god of youth and (lowering his voice) of love comforts.
Summer sun lord
But the spring days passed, and the next sun god entered into his rights. In the eastern Slavs he was depicted as the most majestic and full of dignity of the lord of the daylight. His name was Dazhdbog. He made his way across the sky, standing in a chariot harnessed by four golden-winged horses. The radiance from his shield was the same sunlight that lit up the earth on fine summer days.
The worship of Dazhdbog in our ancestors was so wide that the traces of his temples were discovered by scientists in the excavations of most ancient settlements. A characteristic feature of his cult is the presence of runes - specimens of ancient sacral writing, designed to protect their owner from evil forces and help in all endeavors. The sign of Dazhdbog, a solar square, is also unusual. This is an equilateral quadrangle, in which a cross with curved at right angles is inscribed.
And finally, the last god of the sun in the legends of the Slavs is Svarog. All the autumn with its rainy days and the first night frosts was the period of his reign. According to the legends, Svarog brought people many useful and necessary knowledge. He taught them how to obtain fire, forge metal and work the ground. Even a plow that is customary in the peasant farm is a gift of Svarog. He taught his masters how to make cheese and cottage cheese from milk.
Svarog is the oldest sun-God of the ancient Slavs. He begot sons who joined a Pantheon of pagan gods and generally had a lot in my life. But old age takes its toll, and so it is autumn the sun cold and dark. Like all old people, Svarog loves to bask. His temple (place of worship) can be any forge or simply furnace would only warm the old bones. This is attested to in the archeological finds. His image was met, as a rule, in places where first bred the fire.
Old Slavic god Ra
In conclusion, it should be mentioned that one more sun god is known among the Slavs. About him remained only echoes of ancient legends. According to these legends, he wore the same name as his Egyptian counterpart Ra, and was the father of two pagan gods - Veles and Hors. The latter, as we know, followed in the footsteps of his father and eventually took his place, although limited only to the reign in the winter. The very god Ra did not die, and, according to legend, having reached old age, turned into a large and full river, called the Volga.