Quite naturally, the God of fertility as the cult enjoyed considerable influence among the people since ancient times. It is from the harvest depended what will be the level of life of most peoples. The exceptions were warring tribes who fed loot.
The article describes the main symbols of fertility, which was cultivated in Ancient Egypt, Rome and the Slavs-pagans.
Gods of fertility in ancient cultures
The God of fertility often associated with earth, water, silt. The ancient people prayed to their deities for the gifts, conducted prayer ceremonies. All of this was to please him for a good future harvest, the availability of which depended future life of man.
In some cultures, e.g., Ancient Egypt, God could exist in his earthly incarnation. People imagined him as an animal. Since ancient times in many civilizations it was customary to celebrate the feast of fertility, which was conducted in anticipation of the harvest. It people thanked a higher power for the harvest.
The Gods Of Ancient Egypt
In Egyptian mythology, the God of fertility played a significant role. He answered, in addition to the harvest, for cattle, caravans and virility. Called it differently, but most mentioned name Min. According to legend, he created himself from chaos.
Because of its significance, he stood almost on the same level with the major gods, RA and Osiris. The image of a deity he was depicted with a huge phallus, which meant male potency and symbolized the fertility of the soil. It also made him ruler of all earth women.
The Egyptian God of fertility at a later time became a symbol of integrity. This was extremely important in war. The pharaohs often used the image of God to inspire the army, giving it uniformity and integrity.
The earthly incarnation of the Egyptian God of fertility
Most Egyptian deities could exist in the form of animals. The Egyptian God of fertility was no exception. Min was manifested in the form of a large and strong bull. This animal was associated with the Egyptian fertility and fertility. Even Pharaoh believed himself to be heir of Mine.
The God of fertility in the form of a bull was to provide people harvest twice a year. So he has offered huge gifts and was dedicated to prayer. The priests begged Mina to send a great harvest, which depended on the Nile river and its floods.
The Gods Of Ancient Rome
Unlike Ancient Egypt, the Roman God of fertility represented in the female form. It is a goddess, and called her Cetera, and portrayed a beautiful woman with fruit. Often the figures she was standing along with the patroness of the harvest by Hand.
Romans because most of the deities were borrowed from Greek mythology, and Cezary is analog. It is known to many Demetra. With the names of these goddesses is connected with the myth about a mother and her kidnapped daughter. According to legend, Cecere was the only daughter, the beautiful Persephone. One day Pluto, God of the underworld, kidnapped her from her mother to make her my wife. She began to live underground away from the mother.
Since then, while daughter no, Zezera sad, and nature fade. That the world was not destroyed completely, the thief was ordered to return Proserpina to her mother for part of the year. At this time Cetera happy, and blossoms all around. So the Greeks and Romans explained the change of seasons, spring and autumn.
Existed in Ancient Rome, the God of fertility in the male form. It was called Liber. He was also the patron Saint of winemaking. Particularly the revered farmers, who dedicated to him the celebration held in mid-March.
The image of the Mother-Land of the Slavs
The God of fertility of the Slavs is often associated with the image of the Earth. She was considered the mother of all living, the locus of fertility. In this case her power would be useless without water, which she filled from heaven. The Slavs asked the saints to flood the Earth with dew, so she can bring grain. She was a nurse, and also a symbol of motherhood, of womanhood.
In this way the deity is similar to the higher forces of other Nations. In addition to the Slavs, fertility in the form of Mother Earth is found at the Greek (Demeter), Iranians (Anahita), Lithuanians (Zhemina) and others.
The God of fertility of the Slavs existed in male form. Was called Dazhboh, which means “giver.” He personified the power of the sun, life-giving warmth, brightness. People expected him to health, fulfillment of desires, the various goods.
Symbols Dazhbog was considered burning metals such as gold and silver. The day of this deity is considered to be September 22, the autumnal equinox. At this time the entire crop was harvested and was last working in gardens and fields. People gathered in the day of Dazhbog and Mokos for a common celebration, have a bonfire, danced, rolled on the mountain, the burning wheel (the symbol of the sun) and were treated to the best food.
The very name "Dazhboh" has the same root with the words "give", "rain", which meant "to distribute" and "share". God sent rain and sun that nourished the land with moisture and warmth. It is often represented in the form of the autumn sky with rain and storm clouds, and sometimes hail.
Slavic God of fertility, had their own symbolic signs. They meant the sun and had a view of solnzevorot or solar socket. The ancient Slavs used to wear these marks on clothes, decorate their homes, was depicted on the dishes.
The fertility of the Slavs depended on Mother Earth and Dazhbog. The harvest was possible only if the unity of masculine and feminine. The earth gave life, and the moisture from heaven had her for a best fertility.