God is One the Supreme deity in Scandinavian mythology, the Creator of the Earth and the entire human race. The Vikings believed that he, along with the Valkyries delivers the fallen on the battlefield of the warriors to Valhalla – a Paradise for the valiant heroes. The heyday of the cult of this God falls on the era of sea voyages of the Scandinavians (VIII-XI centuries). In the religion of the Germanic tribes the God was called Vatanam, and in England – Wadena.
The origin of the cult of Odin
Scandinavians were the creation of the Universe as an interaction of two opposites. At the origins of the universe was Muspelheim (masculine) and Niflheim (feminine) that spawned the giant Ymir and the cow Audumla world. Of salt stones, licked Audumla we had the first deity of the Storm. It is in view of the ancient Germans was the father of Bera. Ber married Bestle, who bore him the son of Odin. He and the other heavenly gods slew Ymir and from his body created the Earth and trees.
Initially One was quite modest deity, and as patron of the valiant warriors Norsemen honored Thor. This is evidenced by ancient mythology. God is One, thanks to the hard work and diligence, has superseded the Torah in the eighth century and carried on his functions. From then on he was revered as the heavenly Father.
Cult Names of Odin
In Norse mythology, the great God Odin appeared in several guises. Every iconic name had a certain value and set off certain functions. Today there are more than 100 Epistles this God, who represent all its qualities: from the Villain to the Heavenly Father.
In essence God is One and triune embodies such categories as war (One), shaman (Vili) and the wanderer (Ve). These aspects characterize the evolution of God in the Norse mythology.
In the VIII-XI centuries. One was worshipped primarily as patron of the valiant warriors. In this regard, God is called Cherian (warrior). He had the authority to grant victory or defeat in battle. But the most favorite pastime of Odin was to sow discord and strife that forced people to kill each other. Harlan opened their favorite warriors, the secrets of warfare and gave weapons, and enemies inspired panic, paralyzing and reducing their power. The main weapon was the spear of Odin loomed with the signs that indicate strict compliance with the law.
Lived Harlan in Valhalla – heavenly hall where the Valkyries brought the valiant warriors worthy to be in heaven. Seated on his throne, he looks at the world and meets the fallen heroes, which in future should help the gods in the battle of Ragnarok (the last battle before the end of the world).
According to Scandinavian legends, One provoked and unleashed the first war in world history.
The God of wisdom
One usually depicted as a bearded one-eyed man-a giant. According to legend, he stole Suttung sacred drink "Mead of poetry" which gave to those who drink it, inspiration and wisdom. To drink of this honey, One donates his eyes Mimiru. Having tried the drink, he is entitled to know the past and the future. Scandinavian EDD not specified what the eyes lost God. Modern scholars claim that he sacrificed his right eye as the left is responsible for analytical skills.
According to legend, Odin obtained knowledge was not enough, so he pierced himself with a spear and hung for 9 days on the world tree, and then drank honey and received from his grandfather Belterra runes (symbols of wisdom) and the gift of clairvoyance. After that One was a God endowed with new epiklesis Shaman. It is not only the wisest in the world, and has the ability to move from the realm of the living and the realm of the dead.
God the wanderer
The wanderer is the third stage, which took One. Ancient God, receiving the gift of clairvoyance and wisdom, becomes the healer. He devotes himself to the treatment of animals, and soon abandons power over the world and Valhalla. One becomes a wanderer and mentor. He no longer meets at the heavenly Palace of the valiant warriors and not accompanied them in the realm of the dead. From now on, God gets the power over people's minds.
Symbols of Odin
God was accompanied by two ravens, always loyal to him: Hugin ("he who thinks") and Munin ("one who remembers"). They reported to the Lord of heaven all that I saw and heard on Earth. Hugin and Munin are remembered in the EDD, the "Circle of the Earth" and skaldic poetry.
Odin moved on the eight-legged horse Slaipnire, who instantly delivered him to any place. The Scandinavians, as a rule, depicted their god as sitting on their helper.Also One was always accompanied by two wolves: Geri ("greedy") and Freki ("insatiable"), whom he fed with his food, as he only drank wine. These companions of God are remembered in the EDD and in skaldic poetry.
Another symbol of the patron saint of Valhalla is the head of the dead Mimir, which helps him to look into the future.
In addition, an attribute of the heavenly lord was the Draupnir ring of gold, which produced 8 new rings every night. Of these, God Odin made a belt, putting on which, he became invulnerable.