In Orthodoxy, it is customary to turn to God with prayer on almost every occasion. By their nature, prayers are classified into pleading, thanksgiving and thankful. The latter also includes a special succession, which is called “Thanksgiving Prayers for Communion”. They will be given below in the Russian transcription accompanied by a brief commentary.
These prayers are recited, as the name implies, after communion. They are not part of the liturgy, and it is assumed that they will be read at home. However, in practice, the text of the prayer is most often read in the temple after the service is over.
It begins with the words "Glory to you, God," repeated three times.
The first prayer of thanks to the Lord God is:
“Thank you, Lord, my God, because you did not renounce me, a sinner, but honored me to partake of your shrines. Thank you for honoring me to partake of your heavenly and most pure gifts. But, the lord of humanity, who died for us and resurrected, and gave us the frightening and mysterious life of the sacrament for the good and sanctification of our souls and bodies, make sure that they and for me are the source of healing of the soul and body. May they protect me from every enemy and enlighten the eyes of my heart. May they grant me peace in the soul, true faith, love, deprived of hypocrisy, fill me with wisdom, help me keep your commandments. May they give me your grace and bring me into your kingdom. And I, guarded by them in your holiness, will constantly remember your grace and will not live for my own sake, but for the sake of you, our lord and benefactor. And, having lived a life, hoping for eternal life, I will attain everlasting peace, where the voice of those who celebrate is constantly heard, and the apparently infinite rapture of those who contemplate the unspeakable goodness of your face. Because you are the true desire and ineffable joy of those who love you, Christ, our God. And all that is created for ever honors you. Amen!".
As follows from the context, this is a thankful prayer to Jesus Christ, who in the Orthodox Church is revered by God in the literal sense of the word. The next prayer is dedicated to him.
This prayer of thanksgiving to Jesus Christ is attributed to the hand of St. Basil the Great.
“Lord, Christ, God! King of ages and creator of everything! I thank you for all the good that you have bestowed on me, and for the communion of the most pure and filled with the life-giving force of your sacraments. I beg of you, kind and loving people, save me under your care and under the autumn of your wings. Grant me the purity of conscience to the very last breath in the dignity of communion of your shrines for the sake of leaving sins and eternal life. Because you are the life bread, the source of holiness, the dispenser of good and I give you glory with the Father and the Holy Spirit, now and always and forever! ”
The next prayer of thanksgiving after the sacrament, as well as the first two, is also addressed to Christ. There are four of them in general, and the meaning is about the same - thanksgiving for the gift of the sacrament. Therefore, when they want to reduce the rank, choose one of them, and the rest is lowered.
This grateful prayer to the Lord God belongs, it is believed, to Saint Simeon Metaphrastes.
“Whose flesh is my food, you are fire! You burn the unworthy, but you, my creator, have not slept either! Then penetrate into all parts of my body, into all joints, into the womb, into the heart. Thou shalt thickets of all my sins. Cleanse my soul and make holy thoughts. Enlighten my five senses. Penetrate me with your fear. Forever cover, save and save me from any deed and words that harm the soul. Wash me and make me clean and beautiful with soul, kind, sensible and enlightened by your light. Make me the abode of only one of your spirit and not the least abode of sin. Let all the evil and all the passions run away from me, your temple, along with the partaking of the sacrament. For myself, I represent all the saints, the angelic hierarchies, the forerunner of yours, sophisticated apostles, and your purest mother removed from all filth! Accept with their prayers, O Christ, and make me, your servant, the son of light, since you are the source of our sanctification and the only one, good, for our souls is light. And to you, as God and the lord, we all give glory every day! ”
This grateful prayer to the Lord God is:
“Thy holy body, O Lord Jesus Christ, our God, be the source of eternal life for me! And honored your blood - the abandonment of sins. And this thanksgiving will be a source of joy, health and well-being for me. When the awesome second coming of you comes, you honor me, a sinner, to stand up to your right in your greatness, through the prayers of your most pure mother and all the saints. ”
This prayer of thanksgiving after the sacrament is dedicated to the Mother of God.
“All-Holy Mistress, Mother of God, light of my darkened soul, my hope, cover, shelter, source of comfort, my joy! I thank you for honoring me in spite of my unworthiness to become a partaker of the most pure body and the honored blood of your son. But who has given birth to the light of truth, enlighten my inner eyes with the heart. And, as having given birth to a source of immortality, quicken me, slain by sin. As having given birth to a merciful god, O mother, whose womb is filled with goodness and love, have mercy on me and give me a broken heart and humility in thoughts and bring me back from the captivity of my sinful thoughts. Suit me until the very last breath, without judgment, to take sanctification from the most pure secrets for the healing of body and soul. And give me tears to repentance and correction, so that I may sing and glorify you all the days of my life, for you are blessed and filled with glory for all ages! Amen!".
This, in fact, thanksgiving prayers end. Further, the order is followed by a few more texts that have a broader meaning. For example, the following text is a thankful prayer to God for help, taken from the Bible, where it was embedded in the mouth of one of the righteous who were preparing to meet with death after fulfilling their purpose. The death-prayer is included in this order as evidence of the willingness of the participant to go to God, if it happens for some reason.
“On this day you release in peace your servant, lord, in accordance with your words. For my eyes saw the salvation that came from you, which you prepared before your face for all people. The light of the revelation to the nations, and the glory of your inheritance, Israel. ”
This is a prayer readable at the funeral rite, as well as during all evening worship.
But this short and very ancient prayer comes from Byzantium. According to legend, she was not composed by anyone, but the angels sang her during an earthquake in the city, a vision that was awarded to one of the children. Since then, it has been read in every Orthodox service.
“Holy God, holy, strong, holy, immortal, have mercy on us. It is traditionally read thrice. ” Then follow the words: “Glory to the Father and to the Son and the Holy Spirit. Both today and forever and forever. Amen". This is called in everyday life “Glory and today”.
Then comes another prayer, read at each service. This is a brief prayer to the Trinity.
“All-Holy Trinity, have mercy on us! Lord, cleanse us from sins. Lord, forgive us our iniquities. Holy One, come down to us and heal us from our weaknesses, for your name's sake. Lord have mercy!". Then follows “Glory to today”.
The next prayer in order is the famous “Our Father”. We will not give the text of the prayer, since this is not necessary.
At the very end are some more short texts. First, it is the so-called troparion and kontakion to the saint, whose liturgy was served, that is, the saint, the pen of which belongs to the text of the served liturgy. Since there are many liturgies, troparians will change. And therefore we will not bring them here.
At the very end, it is read twelve times “Lord, have mercy on us”, “Glory and today” and this is the text: “With honor superior to cherubs and glory without comparison overshadowing seraphim, in the virginity of God — the Word gave birth, the true Theotokos revere you!” .