Asadov Eduard Arkadyevich - the most famous and favorite among the readers of the Soviet and Russian poet, with the works of which almost everyone is familiar from school. In many ways, Asadov became the voice of his era. But unlike other poets of his time, he did not give out in front of the authorities and was far from social realism. About the life and work of this amazing man, who left us not so long ago, we will describe further.
Biography of Edward Asadov: childhood
The future poet was born on September 7, 1923, at the height of the civil war in the small town of Mevra (Turkmenistan). He was born in an intelligent family, both parents served as teachers. But in wartime, Edward's father, like many, gave up teaching and went into the service, soon becoming a commissioner and taking command of a rifle company. Night shooting dreamed of little Edward for many years.
Father died very early, he was only 30 years old, it happened in 1929. But not from a battle wound, as one would expect, but from intestinal obstruction. After that, Lidia Ivanovna, the mother of the poet, could not remain at her previous work and went to Sverdlovsk together with her 6-year-old son. A few years later she was offered a place in a Moscow school, and the family moved to the capital.
Here Edward graduated from school in 1941.
Biography of Edward Asadov suggests that the poet is very highly valued in a person the ability to love. He admired this feeling and believed that there is nothing in the world more important and more valuable.
As for religion, he was an atheist. And the point is not in party orientation - he has never been an ideological opponent of religion, but in a completely different one. According to Edward Arkadyevich, if the Creator existed, he could not have admitted all the horror that is happening around, and the suffering that falls to the lot of man.
Asadov was even ready to become a believer if someone explained to him why everything was so arranged. But he believed in good and believed that he would save the world from destruction.
Beginning of the war
The biography of Eduard Asadov is saturated with many different combat conflicts. But the most terrible, of course, is the time of the Great Patriotic War. So, having graduated from the 41st school, young Edward is going to enroll in a higher educational institution, deciding with what further to link his life - with theater or literature.
But the choice for him was made by fate, having made huge changes in life. The war began exactly one week after the school prom. An ardent youthful character did not allow the poet to sit in the rear, and on the very first day he went to the military registration and enlistment office. A day after that, he was sent to the combat zone.
Baptism of fire
The first battle, in which Edward took part, took place near Moscow, on the Volkhov front. Biography of Eduard Asadov shows that in the war he proved himself as a brave and brave man who never ran from the enemy and struck those around him with dedication and courage. Until 1942, Asadov was a gunner, and then he was appointed commander of the entire weapons crew. His fellow soldiers treated him with great respect, so no one opposed this appointment.
Yes, and did not have time to make enemies among the soldiers of Edward Asadov. He managed to write poems and in this difficult time, reading them to his comrades during short breaks. This is another reason why people around him loved and respected him so much. Later in his works, he displayed similar moments of calm, when there was talk of love, and the soldiers recalled their home and loved ones.
In 1943, the poet Eduard Asadov was promoted to lieutenant, after which he was sent to the North Caucasus Front, and later transferred to the Fourth Ukrainian, where he reached the battalion commander.
For Asadov, the battle near Sevastopol was the hardest - his battery was destroyed, only the useless shells that other batteries needed were left. Then the poet made an almost suicidal decision - to load ammunition on a truck and to take them to an adjacent line along an open, well-shot ground. Not far from the target near the machine, a shell exploded, which demolished part of the skull to Asadov and deprived of his sight. Later, doctors assured that he had to die instantly after that, but he managed to deliver his cargo and only then lose consciousness.
Asadov Edward Arkadyevich woke up already in the hospital, where he was told 2 news. The first is that his case is unique, since after such a wound he should not have retained his motor functions, ability to speak and think clearly. The second was much sadder - he will never be able to see.
In the first days after what he heard, he did not want to live anymore. The nurse who was caring for him saved the poet from despair. She said that such a courageous and courageous man is ashamed to think about death. Asadov realized that his life was not yet over. He again begins to write poetry - about war and peacetime, about nature and animals, about human nobility and faith, about meanness and indifference. But the first place was occupied by lines about love. The poet dictated his poems to others and was sure that only this wonderful feeling could save a person.
Postwar time and further fate
In 1946, Eduard Asadov was accepted into the Literary Institute. The poet's collection of poems was first published in 1951. The book was a success and was highly appreciated. That is why Asadov was immediately accepted into the CPSU and the Writers' Union. It was also important that he graduated from the institute with honors.
The popularity of the poet begins to grow. He travels around the country, reads his poems, receives a huge number of letters from fans. No one can remain indifferent after reading his poems. Many thanks received from women. They were delighted with the fact that the poet was able to so subtly feel their pain and experiences. Despite this incredible popularity, the character of Asadov did not change, he remained still simple and pleasant to talk to, never boasted of his fame and did not show arrogance.
The postwar life of the writer was calm and happy. As if fate thought that past tests were enough.
In 1988, Asadov received the title of Hero of the USSR. For many years, the former commander of the poet was bothering to get this award.
Poet Edward Asadov died in 2004. He bequeathed to bury himself in the Crimea on Sapun grief. It was in this place that he once lost his sight and almost died. However, this posthumous desire was never fulfilled. Relatives buried the poet in Moscow. Many great admirers of his talent, who sincerely regretted the death of this brave and sincere man, came to lead the great poet on his last journey.
Edward Asadov: personal life
Since childhood, the poet dreamed of meeting the same love that his parents found. He dreamed about the “beautiful stranger” and for the first time took up writing poetry dedicated to her.
The first wife of the writer was a girl who had visited him for a long time in the hospital after being wounded. However, the marriage did not last long, and soon the couple separated, because she fell in love with another.
In 1961, Asadov met Galina Valentinovna Razumovskaya, who became his second and last wife. The children of Eduard Asadov were never born of this marriage, but the joint life of the spouses was very happy. Galina read poems and performed at concerts and evenings. By profession she was an actress and worked at the Mosconcert. At one of the evenings, the poet met her.
In the future, Galina took an active part in the work of her husband, attended all of his speeches, wrote down his poems, prepared books for publication. She died in 1997, making Asadov a widower.
A lot of his life wrote Edward Asadov. His poems were devoted primarily to love. He also touched on the themes of war and nature. The first poems of the poet were published in the magazine "Spark". Asadov later said in an interview that he considers this day one of the happiest in his life.
Plot for his works, the poet first drew from his own past, and then began to take as a basis the letters of fans and stories told by friends and acquaintances. The main things for the poet were the reality of the situation and the sincerity of the experiences.
From the works of Asadov it is clear that he had a keen sense of justice. And his poems were always characterized by originality of intonations and a sense of truth in life. The main themes of the post-war creativity of the poet are loyalty to the Motherland and courage. His poems are imbued with life-affirming power, they feel a charge of vital energy and love.
During his life, Asadov has published about 60 poetry collections. His works have been translated into various languages.
Difficult youth lived Edward Asadov. Interesting facts about the life of the writer, probably, that is why they are connected with this period and mainly relate to wartime. So, here is the most interesting information from the biography of the poet:
- Initially, during the Second World War, Asadov was credited with calculating a special gun, which was later called Katyusha.
- In 1942, he became commander of small arms. But no one appointed him to this position. Just after injuring the former commander, the young man took over his duties, as it all happened during the battle.
- During his stay in the hospital, the girl's friends constantly visited the poet. During the year that the treatment lasted, six of them made a proposal to the poet to get married.
- Asadova's great-grandmother came from a noble Petersburg family, and in her early years an English lord fell in love with her, to whom she responded in kind. But the happiness of the young people was hindered by relatives. However, the lovers decided to stay true to themselves and got married against the wishes of their elders. Asadov admired this story from his childhood. And imagined true love just like that.
From all this we can conclude that Asadov was not just an outstanding poet, but also an outstanding personality.