Antibacterial drugs are often used without a doctor's prescription, which is unacceptable. Antimicrobial drugs should be recommended only by a specialist, as their improper use provokes the establishment of microorganism resistance. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, in particular, penicillins, are very popular. These include the drug "Amoxil". Instructions for use, features and analogues of the drug will be presented to your introduction in today's article. It is worth noting that in order to achieve the best effect, before starting treatment, it is necessary to pass an analysis to establish the sensitivity of microorganisms. But this condition is quite rare. Most physicians rely on a wide range of drugs.
Release form and composition of the drug
Available medication in the form of tablets. The active ingredient of the drug is amoxicillin. Amoxil tablets are sold at a dose of 250 and 500 milligrams of antibiotic. There are also additional compounds in the medicine: calcium stearate, povidone, sodium starch glycolate. The pills are white or yellowish. In one pack there are 20 tablets, the dose and the trade name of the drug are spelled out on each blister: “Amoxil”. Instructions for use attached to the package for review. Never ignore this information. Even if the doctor prescribed the medicine, be sure to read the annotation.
Action and properties
The medicine "Amoksil" describes the instructions for use as a broad-spectrum antibiotic. It belongs to the aminopenicillin group. After oral administration, the active ingredient of the drug inhibits the synthesis of the cell wall of microorganisms. Thus, it turns out the bactericidal effect of the drug. The drug is able to cope with gram-positive, gram-negative and anaerobic microorganisms. There is no drug efficacy against penicillinase producing bacteria.
After oral administration, the medication in the esophagus enters the gastrointestinal tract. Here it is distributed and begins its action. Within 2 hours after application, the maximum concentration of the drug in the serum is reached. The presence of amoxicillin is found in bone tissue, on mucous membranes, in fluids, sputum. Most of the medication is excreted by the kidneys after 6 hours. If there are diseases of this organ, then this period may increase.
Indications for use
Tablets "Amoxil" is recommended to be used only as prescribed by a physician after assessing the urgency of the need to use an antibiotic. The drug is prescribed for the following diseases:
- infectious processes in the upper respiratory tract (tonsillitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, otitis media);
- bacterial lesions of the lower respiratory tract (bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis);
- diseases of the digestive tract (a stomach ulcer requires a combination with another substance);
- urinary and genital infections (including sexually transmitted infections);
- bacterial lesions of the skin, soft tissues and mucous membranes.
The drug is used in different pathologies, if there is a confirmed laboratory sensitivity of microorganisms to it.
This medication, like any other, has its contraindications. The antibiotic "Amoksil" does not recommend using the instructions for use if you are highly sensitive to the active substance and are allergic to penicillins. Amoxicillin-based tablets are contraindicated in infectious mononucleosis and lymphocytic leukemia. During lactation, you should refrain from using this medication, but if there is such a need, then you should decide on the temporary or complete cessation of breastfeeding. Pregnant women can be prescribed medication, but only after assessing the risks to the fetus and comparing them with the expected benefits.
"Amoxil": dosage and regimen
You already know that the drug is used exclusively by mouth. The use of medication does not depend on food intake. In each case, an individual dosage of tablets is established (in accordance with the age, weight of the patient and the severity of the disease).
- Adult patients and children from 10 years old are prescribed 500-750 milligrams of active ingredient twice a day.
- 375 milligrams of amoxicillin three times a day is recommended for children aged 3 to 10 years. The dosage regimen of Amoxil tablets for bronchitis may vary: 250 milligrams three times a day.
The daily dose of the drug for children is determined in accordance with the body weight, this value should not be exceeded. From 30 to 60 milligrams of active substance is shown for each kilogram of weight. This volume is divided into 2-3 doses. For adult patients and children from 10 years old, the maximum dose of medication per day is 6 grams. The duration of therapeutic treatment for mild and moderate infections is 5-7 days. If the bacterial disease has a severe form of flow, then the antibiotic is used for 10 days. After improving your condition and complete disappearance of symptoms, take the medicine for another 2-3 days. Do not stop treatment before the deadline set by the doctor.
Side effects of the drug
Tablets "Amoxil" reviews are good if the drug was recommended by a doctor in an individual dosage. When unauthorized use and improper admission increases the risk of side effects. The most common of these is a disorder in the work of the digestive tract. Many consumers complain of nausea and diarrhea. If there are no more signs, the medicine will continue to be taken. The appearance of an allergic reaction, which is also common, is the reason for the withdrawal of the drug. This symptom may be in the form of a skin rash, swelling, or itching. In case of anaphylactic shock, you must immediately call an ambulance and give the patient antihistamines (preferably injection).
The drug "Amoxil" is able to provoke a malfunction of the urinary, hematopoietic and central nervous system. With a long reception can develop mucosal candidiasis. The drug has an overdose hazard. It is manifested by vomiting, impaired water and electrolyte balance.
Possibility of use with other drugs
The drug is often prescribed in combination with other medicines. It is combined with antipyretic and analgesic agents, antiviral compounds and immunomodulators. "Amoxil" can be combined with other antibiotics, for example, metronidazole. The use of the drug with tetracyclines and macrolides reduces its effect.
Amoxicillin tablets can reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives. At the time of treatment should use additional means of protection from unwanted pregnancy.
The drug should not be taken while driving a vehicle or performing important work. This limitation is explained by the possibility of the action of the antibiotic on the central nervous system. With prolonged use of the drug, it is advisable to use antifungal agents, for example, on the basis of nystatin.
An antibiotic is not prescribed for viral infections, as it has no efficacy against viruses. On the contrary, such a use of the drug can only aggravate the patient's condition, reducing its natural immunity. The use of Amoxil tablets can cause discoloration of tooth enamel. To avoid this, it is necessary to observe oral hygiene.
During treatment with antibacterial drugs, including Amoxil tablets, doctors prescribe a complex of probiotics. Such funds contain in their composition microorganisms that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract of a healthy person. Not all probiotics are combined with antibacterial drugs. Following these recommendations helps reduce the risk of side effects and quickly recover from an anti-bacterial course.
The drug "Amoxil" for children up to three years should be replaced by a similar in the form of a suspension or dispersible tablets. To do this, select drugs such as Amoxicillin, Flemoxin, Amoxiclav, Augmentin, Amoxicar, and so on. The active ingredient of these funds is amoxicillin, so the effect of the use of drugs will be similar. If a patient develops an allergic reaction to penicillins, then other antibiotics are prescribed, for example, macrolides (Sumamed, Vilprafen).
All substitutes and structural analogues must be chosen together with the doctor. Independent selection of alternatives is not allowed. If within 2 days after the start of treatment you are not better, then you should consult the doctor again. Probably, this antibiotic will not help you and you should choose a drug that replaces it.
From the presented article you learned a lot about Amoxil: how to take it, in what cases it is necessary and when it is worth refusing the antibiotic. Do not forget that such drugs are not recommended for use without medical prescription. The use of small doses or premature termination of the course provokes the appearance of superinfection. At the same time, microorganisms resistant to amoxicillin appear. You can be sure that in the future with this picture, this antibiotic will not help you. Therefore, you should consult a doctor if there is a problem and get a qualified appointment. Good luck!