Antibacterial drugs are often used without prescribing a doctor, which is unacceptable. Antimicrobial medicines should be recommended only by a specialist, since their incorrect application provokes the establishment of resistance of microorganisms. Of great popularity are antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action, in particular, penicillins. These include the drug "Amoxil". Instructions for use, features and analogues of the drug will be presented to your familiarization in today's article. It is worth noting that to achieve a better effect before the start of treatment, it is necessary to pass an analysis to establish the sensitivity of microorganisms. But this condition is quite rare. More often physicians rely on a wide range of drugs.
Form release and composition of medicament
The medicine is in the form of tablets. The active substance of the drug is amoxicillin. Tablets "Amoxil" are sold at a dose of 250 and 500 milligrams of antibiotic. Also there are in the medicine and additional compounds: calcium stearate, povidone, sodium starch glycolate. The pills have a white or yellowish tinge. In one packet there are 20 tablets, on each blister the dose and trade name of the drug is prescribed: "Amoxil". Instructions for use are enclosed with the packaging for your reference. Never ignore this information. Even if the medicine is prescribed by a doctor, be sure to read the annotation.
Action and properties
The drug "Amoxil" instructions for use characterize it as a broad-spectrum antibiotic. It belongs to the aminopenicillin group. After oral administration, the active substance of the drug suppresses the synthesis of the cell wall of microorganisms. Thus, the bactericidal effect of the drug is found. The medication is able to cope with gram-positive, gram-negative and anaerobic microorganisms. There is no effectiveness of the drug in relation to the bacteria that produce penicillinase.
After oral administration, the drug passes through the esophagus into the gastrointestinal tract. Here it is distributed and begins its operation. Within 2 hours after application, the maximum concentration of the drug in the blood serum is reached. The presence of amoxicillin is found in bone tissue, on mucous membranes, in liquids, and sputum. Most of the medication is excreted by the kidneys after 6 hours. If there are diseases of this body, then this period may increase.
Indications for use
Tablets "Amoxil" is recommended to use only on the prescription of a doctor after assessing the severity of the need for antibiotic use. The medicine is prescribed for the following diseases:
- infectious processes in the upper respiratory tract (angina, pharyngitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, otitis);
- bacterial lesions of the lower respiratory tract (bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis);
- diseases of the digestive tract (with a stomach ulcer a combination with another substance is necessary);
- urinary and genital tract infections (including sexually transmitted infections);
- bacterial lesions of the skin, soft tissues and mucous membranes.
The medication is used for various pathologies, if there is confirmed laboratory sensitivity of microorganisms to it.
The instruction cautions
This medication, like any other, has its own contraindications. Antibiotic "Amoxil" instructions for use do not recommend taking with high sensitivity to the active substance and allergies to penicillins. Contraindicated to use tablets based on amoxicillin for infectious mononucleosis and lymphocytic leukemia. During lactation it is necessary to refrain from using this medication, but if there is such a need, the question of temporary or complete cessation of breastfeeding should be resolved. Pregnant women can prescribe medication, but only after assessing the risks to the fetus and comparing them with the expected benefit.
"Amoxil": dosage and scheme of application
You already know that the drug is used exclusively orally. Drug use is not dependent on food intake. In each individual case, an individual dosage of tablets is established (according to age, body weight of the patient and severity of the disease).
- Adult patients and children from 10 years of age are prescribed 500-750 milligrams of active substance twice a day.
- Children aged 3 to 10 years are recommended to have 375 milligrams of amoxicillin three times a day. The regimen for taking Amoxil tablets with bronchitis can vary: 250 milligrams three times a day.
The daily dose of medication for children is determined in accordance with the body weight, this value can not be exceeded. For each kilogram of weight is shown from 30 to 60 milligrams of active substance. This volume is divided into 2-3 receptions. For adult patients and children from 10 years, the maximum dose of medication per day is 6 grams. Duration of therapeutic reception for mild and moderate infections is 5-7 days. If the bacterial disease has a severe form of flow, then the antibiotic is used for 10 days. After feeling better and completely disappearing symptoms, take the medicine for 2-3 more days. Do not stop treatment before the time set by the doctor.
Side effects of the drug
Tablets "Amoxil" reviews are good if the drug was recommended by a doctor in an individual dosage. With unauthorized use and improper admission, the risk of side effects increases. The most common of these is a disruption in the digestive tract. Many consumers complain of nausea and diarrhea. If there are no further signs, the medication continues to be taken. The appearance of an allergic reaction, which also occurs frequently, is the reason for the withdrawal of the drug. This symptom can be in the form of skin rash, swelling or itching. With anaphylactic shock, you should immediately call an ambulance and give the patient antihistamines (preferably injectively).
Medication "Amoxil" is able to provoke a malfunction in the urinary, hematopoietic and central nervous system. With a long reception can develop candidiasis of the mucous membranes. The medicine has a danger of overdose. It is manifested by vomiting, a violation of the water-electrolyte balance.
Ability to use with other medicines
Medication is often prescribed in combination with other medicines. It is combined with antipyretic and analgesic agents, antiviral compounds and immunomodulators. "Amoxil" can be combined with other antibiotics, for example, metronidazole. The use of the drug with tetracyclines and macrolides reduces its effect.
Tablets based on amoxicillin can reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives. For the duration of treatment should be used additional means of protection from unwanted pregnancy.
The drug should not be taken while driving a vehicle or performing a responsible job. This limitation is due to the possibility of the antibiotic acting on the central nervous system. With prolonged use of the drug, it is advisable to use antifungal agents, for example, based on nystatin.
Antibiotic is not prescribed for viral infections, since it has no effectiveness against viruses. On the contrary, such use of the drug can only exacerbate the patient's condition, reducing its natural immunity. The use of "Amoxil" tablets can provoke a discoloration of tooth enamel. To avoid this, it is necessary to observe the hygiene of the oral cavity.
During treatment with antibacterial drugs, including "Amoxil" tablets, doctors prescribe a complex of probiotics. Such drugs contain in their composition microorganisms that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract of a healthy person. Not all probiotics are combined with antibacterial drugs. Following these recommendations helps reduce the risk of side effects and quickly recover after an antibacterial course.
The drug "Amoxil" for children under three years old should be replaced with an analogue in the form of suspension or dispersible tablets. For this, drugs such as "Amoxicillin", "Flemoxin", "Amoxiclav", "Augmentin", "Amoxicar" and so on are chosen. The active substance of these drugs is amoxicillin, so the effect of using drugs will be similar. If the patient develops an allergic reaction to penicillins, then other antibiotics, for example macrolides (Sumamed, Wilprafen) are prescribed.
All substitutes and structural analogues should be chosen in conjunction with the doctor. Independent selection of an alternative is unacceptable. If within 2 days after the beginning of treatment you do not get better, then you should consult a doctor again. Probably, this antibiotic will not help you and you should choose a drug that replaces it.
From the presented article you learned a lot about the drug "Amoxil": how to take, when it is necessary and when it is necessary to abandon the antibiotic. Do not forget that such medications are not recommended for use without medical prescription. The use of small doses or premature termination of the course provokes the emergence of superinfection. In this case, microorganisms resistant to amoxicillin appear. You can be sure that in the future, with this picture, this antibiotic will not help you. Therefore, it is worthwhile to see a doctor if there is a problem and get a qualified appointment. Good luck!