Cherry plum called native sister plums. This is not surprising, since they are very similar in taste and appearance. In the people, this culture is considered wild, although in reality cherry plum, the benefits and harms of which will be discussed in this article, is a cultivated plant, besides high-yielding, hardy and tasty fruits.
The main characteristic. Growing conditions
The first mentions of cherry plum were found several centuries ago. Its homeland is Transcaucasia, but other sources also mention Asia Minor. Cherry plum, the benefits and harms of which were already known to our ancestors, belongs to the genus Plum and the Rosaceae family. This plant is considered one of the most useful types of plum.
In what conditions does plum grow well? The tree, whose beneficial properties, benefit and harm of the fruits of which are discussed below, is very fond of light, so it must be grown in an open, well-lit area with sunlight. The soil should have a neutral reaction, since on sour or saline lands the tree grows and bears bad fruit. Orycha is a drought-resistant crop, so if you don’t have time to water it, then you shouldn’t get upset, it’s not lost. To the cold, it is also indifferent. Does not die even with severe frosts. Resistant to pests, almost no ill. Cherry plum, the benefits and harm to the health of which are known to both the common people and physicians, is a viable tree, which is why gardeners love it.
The tree reaches a maximum height of 13 meters, lives up to 45-50 years. Cherry plum is a fruit tree that has a strong trunk and a large number of branches. The plant has strong roots, oval-shaped leaves with a pointed end. Blooms in white or pale pink.
The fruits of the tree are small fruits. They have a rounded shape. The color of cherry plum can be yellow, red, pink, purple, orange. Inside this fruit has a bone. Ripe cherry plum is juicy, soft and sweet to the taste, and immature plum is hard and sour. The tree begins to bear fruit two years after planting. Rashes cherry plum quickly.
Amazing red beauty
A unique tree - cherry plum red. The benefits and harms of the culture depend on the variety. Botanists separately distinguish red plum. The plant has not only dark cherry fruits, but also red leaves. Most often, the fruit is used for making jam and compote. The plant is incredibly beautiful blooms with large pink flowers. Most favorable for the tree will be the southern climate. Watering red plum does not like, she needs more sun and heat. Today gardeners grow and sell this plant as an ornamental crop. Nevertheless, the fruits of the red plum are as good for health as are yellow and orange.
The composition of “wild plums”
What properties is plum? The benefits and harms her obyasnyaetsa chemical composition of the pulp of the fruit. It is a lot of vitamins: A, b, E, and a large number of minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and calcium. It contains a lot of fructose and not enough sugars, and organic acids.
Alycha is low-calorie, there are only about 32 kilocalories per hundred grams.
Cherry plum: useful properties
And the benefits (harm will be considered further) of the fruits of this plant, and their ability to perfectly preserve, and a large number of dishes that can be prepared from cherry plum - all makes it a desirable fruit for hostesses.
- fruits wonderfully help with vitamin deficiency;
- it is recommended to use cherry plum for constipation;
- stimulates intestinal activity;
- plum can be added to the diet with dietary intake;
- fruits help to digest heavy protein foods;
- it is used for colds, as it has an expectorant effect;
- cherry plum improves appetite;
- increases acidity, therefore useful in gastritis with low acidity;
- promotes immunity and disease prevention;
- lowers fever, relieves inflammation in the body;
- help get rid of scurvy;
- pits can make a very useful oil.
Harm of cherry plum
It should not be consumed if there is increased acidity of the stomach. It is dangerous in ulcers and other gastrointestinal diseases. It provokes the appearance of heartburn.
Cherry plum, the benefits and harms of which are discussed in the article, with individual intolerance can cause nausea, vomiting or rash. Overeating of fruits may cause diarrhea.
In a large number of bones can cause poisoning.
Recipe number 1. Plum sauce. To start, remove from one kilogram cherry plum stone. Add half a glass of water to the fruit and set on fire for ten minutes. After cooking, you need to turn cherry plum into a homogeneous mass using a mixer. Then again put the mixture on the fire and cook for 30-35 minutes. Now add a clove of crushed garlic - and again on fire for 10-15 minutes. After adding all the spices and salt, cook another ten minutes. After that, the sauce must be filtered and boiled. Be sure to stir, so as not to burn.
Recipe №2. Compote of plums for the winter. Wash 1-1. 5 kilos of plums and dried it. Now take a toothpick and make little holes in all the fruit. Next, fold the plums in jars, occupying the third part of the whole place. After that, pour the fruit to the hot sugar syrup and close the lid. A delicious compote for the winter ready.
Recipe number 3. Pastila from cherry plum. Rinse and dry 1.5-2 kg of cherry plum. Prepare a pan, greased with sunflower oil. Pour half a glass of water into the pan and put the fruit in it. When the cherry plum is soft, remove it from the fire and what happened, again put on a small fire. Add one kilogram of sugar. Cook plum until it turns into a thick puree. After that, remove it from the heat and carefully lay out thin layers on a baking sheet. We put it in the oven, including a small fire, for two hours. Home made from cherry plum is ready.
Recipe number 4. Wine from cherry plum. If you use this drink in small quantities, then it can be called medicinal. To make such a wine, first you need to wash the fruit and put it in the fermentation bottle. Use for the first time 4-5 kilograms of fruit. Add water to the bottle (half a liter per kilogram of plums). We also add yeast to it. The mixture should be shaken and closed. For fermentation, put the bottle in a place with a temperature of 25 degrees. The wine will be fermented for ten days. After ten days, move it to a cool place.