Alycha is called the native sister of plum. This is not surprising, since they are very similar in taste, and in appearance. In the people this culture is considered wild, although in reality the plum, the benefit and harm of which will be considered in this article, is a cultural plant, moreover, high-yielding, hardy and with delicious fruits.
The main characteristic. Growth conditions
The first mention of alycha was discovered several centuries ago. Its homeland is Transcaucasia, but other sources also mention Asia Minor. Alycha, the benefits and harm of which were already known to our ancestors, refers to the genus Plum and the Rosy family. This plant is considered one of the most useful kinds of plum.
In what conditions does the plum grow well? The tree, useful properties, benefits and harms of the fruits of which are discussed below, is very fond of light, so it must be grown on an open, well-lit sunlit space. The soil should have a neutral reaction, since on the acid or salty lands the tree grows and fructifies poorly. Alycha is a drought-resistant culture, so if there is no time to water it, then do not be upset, it will not go away. She is also indifferent to cold weather. Do not die even in severe frosts. Resistant to pests, practically not sick. Alycha, whose benefits and harm to health are known to both the common people and doctors is a viable tree, so gardeners love it.
Description of the plant
The maximum tree height reaches 13 meters, lives up to 45-50 years. Alycha is a fruit tree that has a strong trunk and a large number of branches. The plant has powerful roots, oval leaves with a pointed end. Blossoms with white or gently pink color.
The fruit of the tree is a small fruit. They have a rounded shape. The color of cherry plum may be yellow, red, pink, purple, orange. Inside, this fruit has a bone. Ripe cherry plum is juicy, soft and sweet to taste, and unripe - firm and sour. Fruit-bearing tree begins two years after planting. Sweet cherry plum quickly.
Amazing red beauty
Plain tree is a unique tree. The benefit and harm of culture depends on the variety. Botany separately distinguish red cherry plum. The plant has not only dark cherry fruit, but also red leaves. Most often, fruits are used to make jam and compote. The plant is insanely beautiful blooms with large pink flowers. The most favorable for the tree is the southern climate. Poliva does not like red plum, she needs more sun and warmth. To date, gardeners grow and sell this plant as a decorative culture. Nevertheless, the fruits of red cherry plums are as useful to health as yellow and orange.
The composition of the "wild plum"
What properties is plum? The benefits and harms her obyasnyaetsa chemical composition of the pulp of the fruit. It is a lot of vitamins: A, b, E, and a large number of minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and calcium. It contains a lot of fructose and not enough sugars, and organic acids.
Alycha is low-calorie, in it only about 32 kilocalories per one hundred grams.
Alycha: useful properties
And the benefits (harm will be considered further) of the fruits of this plant, and their ability to perfectly preserve, and the large number of dishes that can be made from plum - all makes it a desired fruit for the housewife.
- fruits help wonderfully with beriberi;
- it is recommended to use cherry plum with constipation;
- stimulates the activity of the intestine;
- cherry can be added to the diet with dietary nutrition;
- fruits help to assimilate heavy protein products;
- it is used for colds, as it has an expectorant effect;
- cherry plum improves appetite;
- increases acidity, so it is useful for gastritis with low acidity;
- promotes immunity and prevents diseases;
- reduces fever, removes inflammatory processes in the body;
- help get rid of scurvy;
- from the bones you can make a very useful oil.
Damage to Plumbers
It should not be used if there is an increased acidity of the stomach. It is dangerous for ulcers and other gastrointestinal diseases. It provokes the appearance of heartburn.
Alycha, the benefits and harm of which are discussed in the article, with individual intolerance can cause nausea, vomiting or a rash. The consequence of overeating of the fruits can become diarrhea.
In a large number of bones can cause poisoning.
Recipe number 1. Plum sauce. To begin with, remove from one kilogram of cherry plums. Add half a cup of water to the fruits and put them on the fire for ten minutes. After cooking, you need to turn the cherry plum into a homogeneous mass with a mixer. Then again put the mixture on the fire and cook for 30-35 minutes. Now add the clove of crushed garlic - and again on the fire for 10-15 minutes. Add all the spices and salt, prepare another ten minutes. After this, the sauce must be filtered and boiled. Be sure to stir so that it does not burn.
Recipe №2. Compote of plums for the winter. Wash 1-1. 5 kilos of plums and dried it. Now take a toothpick and make little holes in all the fruit. Next, fold the plums in jars, occupying the third part of the whole place. After that, pour the fruit to the hot sugar syrup and close the lid. A delicious compote for the winter ready.
Recipe number 3. Pastila from plum. Rinse and dry 1.5-2 kilograms of cherry plums. Prepare a baking sheet lubricated with sunflower oil. In a saucepan, pour half a cup of water and lay the fruit in it. When cherry plum becomes soft, we remove it from the fire and then, what happened, put it on a small fire again. We add one kilogram of sugar. We cook a cherry until it turns into a thick mashed potatoes. After that, remove it from the fire and gently lay it in thin layers on a baking tray. We put it in the oven, turning on a small fire, for two hours. The house pastilles from cherry plums are ready.
Recipe number 4. Wine from a plum. If you drink this drink in small quantities, then it can be called curative. To make this wine, first you need to rinse the fruits and put them in a fermentation bottle. Use for the first time 4-5 kilograms of fruit. We add water to the bottles (half a liter for one kilogram of plums). There we add yeast. The mixture should be shaken and closed. To ferment the bottle put in a place with a temperature of 25 degrees. Wandering wine will be ten days. After ten days, move it to a cool place.