The term “allegory” is derived from a Greek word meaning “allegory”. This concept is an expression of the abstract, abstract content of thought (judgment, concept) with the help of a concrete image. This is what allegory is. An example is the depiction of death as a skeleton with a scythe, as well as justice in the form of a woman whose eyes are blindfolded, in one hand are scales, and in the other is a sword.
In the allegory, therefore, the concrete image acquires an abstract meaning. He summarizes. The concept is contemplated through this image. This element of abstract content, which makes a particular image of service in relation to the judgment or concept behind it, is its characteristic feature in the allegory. This value in itself is not an artistic element, and the fact that it is to some extent always present in the allegory, in the eyes of many, casts doubt on whether the latter belongs to artistic methods.
Dual nature of allegory
In fact, it has a dual nature - logical confinement (the connection of the image with a specific concept) and the poetic correlation of the concrete expression obtained by allegory in its pure form should be classified as so-called applied poetry. But this does not mean, however, that the allegorical image itself cannot be an artistic one. Everything depends on the degree of emphasis of its connection with the expressed object, on the measure of its independence. The more the allegorical meaning is emphasized, the more precisely the correspondence between the expressed idea and the image is, the more the image is colored by the abstraction, detracting from its artistic value and independence. In such cases, the specific expression is directed to the idea, that is, the image has some tendency.
This is especially clearly reflected in various didactic poetic genres that use such a tool as an allegory. Examples: fable, parable. They are usually built entirely on this technique. This is also characteristic of other allegorical works, which are based on the intention to illustrate or clarify something abstract.
Emotional coloring of abstract thoughts using allegory.
Where can allegory be used?
This tool is very common in various fields of art. Allegory, examples of which we cited, as allegory has the closest connection with metaphor, is often viewed as a common, developed metaphor, or as a whole series of images that are combined into a single closed whole. It is feasible not only in poetry, but also in various plastic arts. Such as a sculpture or allegory in painting, examples of which are “Charity” by Charles Lebrun, “Allegory of painting” by Jan Vermeer.
Allegory in literature
It is widespread for the image of artistic reality; it is used traditionally both in book literature and in folklore. The dictionary of literary terms defines this medium as an image through a specific image of an abstract concept.
Allegory examples in literature which will be discussed below, is often used in fables and fairy tales. Under the form of animals can refer to various human vices. Can allegorically portrayed important political and historical events.
“The Wise Peeper”
“The Wolf and the Lamb”
“Bear in voivodship”
In the image of the Bear, Krylov also displays various bosses. For example, in the fable called “The Bear in the Bees” is depicted a embezzler who was admitted to state goodness. In his lair Mishka dragged all the honey. The bear here is represented as an “old rogue”, a shameless thief.
Works depicting the Lord's helplessness
The helplessness of the represented landlords reveals itself in these fabulous situations. They are unable to survive without the labor of the peasants. Without peasant care in everyday life, landlords are doomed to wilds. The centuries-old life, in which serfdom existed, completely deprived them of all kinds of skills. These gentlemen turn out to be able only to “eat”, “to the bullet” to play, and to scold “restrained” men.
“Wolf on the kennel”
In Krylov we can also find many relevant fables. His works are almost all written as a response to a public event in the field of art or politics. For example, we all know that the fable “The Wolf in the Kennel” depicts allegorically the events of 1812, the Patriotic War, or rather, Napoleon’s attempt to start peace negotiations with Russia. Implied under wolf Bonaparte, and M.I. Kutuzov is depicted as a gray-haired trap. Having got to Russia (to the kennel) The wolf itself is not happy about it. Kennel for him became hell. This hero decides to enter into negotiations, but the trapper on cunning tricks can not be.