Russia though recognized Pushkin as the greatest Russian poet, but did not take it to the world level, did not win a place next to Homer, Shakespeare, Dante and Goethe.
The life and death of the poet is the most painful tragedy in the entire history of Russia.
The circumstances preceding the writing of the poem
The poem "The Prisoner" Pushkin wrote, being in the Chisinau exile. An important role in this was played by the life circumstances in which the poet turned out to be.
1820 year. Colleague Secretary A.S. Pushkin, in need of service, was sent to the southern region of Russia - so in the road sheet issued to the poet, was the purpose of his trip, in fact, was a reference. Behind him was the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, service in the Collegium of Foreign Affairs and a bustling Petersburg with numerous friends. In the new place, Alexander Pushkin serves as a petty official in the chancellery and performs a monotonous routine work that depresses even the average person, not to mention such an outstanding creative personality as the genius poet.
General Ivan Nikitich Inzov, his immediate boss, understood this and tried not to load the poet with work. He treats him very favorably. Pushkin was also accepted in the aristocratic circles of Chisinau. Sometimes Alexander Sergeyevich allowed himself to publicly criticize the actions of the government and the military, but Inzov, who was forced to make reports on his subordinates due to his duty, pointed out in his reports to Petersburg that Pushkin's statements were imitative and not his way of thinking. Was the report of such a character a consequence of recognition of talent and sympathy for AS Pushkin, or Inzov really believed so - will remain a secret for posterity.
Political views of the poet
From the textbook of Russian literature, which analyzes the poem "The Prisoner" by Pushkin, we learn that it is the embodiment of the freedom of the great poet, imbued with the ideas of the Decembrists. Alexander Sergeevich is ordered to rebel and terrorist thoughts, which he began to defend with all his heart and tried to convey to the people through allegorical images. To schoolchildren Pushkin is presented as a secret revolutionary and political sufferer.
However, deeper studies of the Pushkinists show that the poet's passion for politics was superficial. Moreover, over time, he sincerely repented of his views and considered them a delusion of youth.
Prisoner of circumstances
To be sure, only a master of the word, Pushkin, could give a verse and contradiction to the poem in terms of interpretation. "Prisoner" could be written by a young poet and under the influence of life circumstances. On his way to the place of exile in Chisinau, Alexander Sergeevich spent 3 weeks with his friends - in the Raevsky family, who settled on the southern coast of the Crimea.
This period of life is portrayed in the poet's memory as the happiest days when he could fully enjoy the beauty of the Crimean landscape and a pleasant communication with like-minded people and friends. Chisinau after the Crimea seemed to Pushkin dull and unattractive – it began to surround the sun-scorched steppe, and instead of friends, had to communicate with arrogant and conceited Moldovan aristocrats. Pushkin, prisoner of the circumstances in which he had to be. It really felt like a prisoner. The feeling of loneliness, monotony and lack of freedom, dependence on superiors, lack of friends – all endured difficult freedom-loving Pushkin. The prisoner – theme, inspired by the life of a 23 year old young man.
The urge to escape from reality
There is another version of what prompted A.S. Pushkin to writing this poem. Being in exile, Pushkin had the opportunity to communicate with the prisoners and became close to one of the convicts, who told him about his intentions to escape. Pushkin touched this idea to the depths of his soul, and he enclosed some of the convict's statements in a poetic form. In the "Prisoner" he metaphorically and romanticly reflected his desire to escape from reality.
Analysis of the poem "The Prisoner" by Pushkin
The work can be divided into two parts, differing in mood and intonation. The first part, where everything is gloomy and sad, is opposed to the second - full of light and hope. From the oppressive prison komorki lyrical hero mentally wants to get into the vast expanse of the universe. The thought of the end of the dark period gives him new vitality.
The sad story of captivity in the middle of the poem grows into a cry of the soul with the demand for freedom, reaches its emotional peak and is again broken by the words of loneliness - "only the wind ... yes I am. "
It should be noted that the poem is a metaphorical character, that is, the main idea in it is veiled and brought to the reader by a figurative comparison. Everyone, by virtue of his developed imagination, can guess what Pushkin has not said. The prisoner is the lyrical hero of the work, sitting in a "dungeon damp". The poet likens it to a young eagle, bred in captivity. Thanks to this comparison, it becomes clear how alien to the lyrical hero the world around is. For a person, restrictions of freedom and imposed conditions of existence, whether it is a reference or a prison grid, are as fatal and unnatural as captivity for the freedom-loving eagle.
The poem "Prisoner" Pushkin pierced the idea of freedom, never using the word "freedom". It is heard in the eagle's cry, endowed with the poet's ability to think in a human way and experience the feelings inherent in man. "Let's fly away," the proud bird wants to say, calling the prisoner with him "to where only the wind is walking ... yes I am." "
The main thing is not to be a prisoner and to get freedom, which is self-evident for all living things.
Pushkin's attitude to his works
The response to Pushkin's poem "The Prisoner" does not bother the poet much. According to the people who knew him well, Alexander Sergeyevich always remained dissatisfied with the written works. Once in a conversation with Alexandra Osipovna Smirnova-Rosset Pushkin admitted that the most beautiful poems to him are in a dream, but he does not have time to remember them.
The poet is very carefully selected every word, working his work as a cutter, carefully grinding the faces of precious stones. But when he brought it to perfection, cared little about how to appreciate his work. In addition, according to the memoirs of the same Smirnova-Rosset, Pushkin absolutely couldn't read his writing. In his performance to appreciate the beauty of the verse was possible. It seemed that his work had him pretty bored.
Such was in the eyes of his contemporaries Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin - a prisoner of fate and circumstances.
Only twelve lines, and how many of them are invested with meaning, feelings and innuendo ...