A vivid representative of realism, a charismatic personality and just a famous Russian writer of the early 20th century - Alexander Kuprin. His biography is full of events, quite heavy and full of ocean of emotions, thanks to which the world has learned the best of his creations. "Moloch", "Duel", "Pomegranate Bracelet" and many other works that have replenished the golden fund of world art.
The beginning of the way
He was born on September 7, 1870 in the small town of Narovchat, Penza District. His father is a civil servant Ivan Kuprin, whose biography is very short, since he died when Sasha was only 2 years old. After that, he remained with his mother Lyubov Kuprina, who was a Tartar prince's blood. They suffered hunger, humiliation and deprivation, so his mother took a heavy decision to give Sasha to the department for young orphans of the Alexandrov Military School in 1876. The pupil of the military school, Alexander, graduated from it in the second half of the 80s.
In the early 1990s, after graduating from a military school, he became an employee of the infantry Dnieper regiment No. 46. A successful military career remained in his dreams, as described by the alarming, eventful and emotional biography of Kuprin. The brief content of the biography says that Alexander was not able to enter a higher military educational institution because of a scandal. And all because of his hot temper, under the influence of alcohol, he threw the police officer from the bridge into the water. Having risen to the rank of lieutenant, in 1895 he resigned.
The writer's temperament
Personality with an incredibly bright color, greedily absorbing impressions, a wanderer. He tried on himself a lot of crafts: from a man-laborer to a dental technician. A very emotional and extraordinary person - Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin, whose biography is full of bright events, which became the basis of many of his masterpieces.
His life was quite stormy, there were a lot of rumors about him. An explosive temperament, an excellent physical form, he was so eager to try himself, which gave him invaluable life experience and strengthened the spirit. He constantly sought to meet the adventures: he sank under the water in special equipment, flew by airplane (because of the disaster nearly died), was the founder of the sports society, etc. In the war years, together with his wife, he equipped the infirmary in his own house.
He liked to know the person, his character and communicated with people of the most diverse professions: specialists with higher technical education, roving musicians, anglers, card players, poor people, clergymen, entrepreneurs, etc. And in order to better know a person, to feel his life on himself, he was ready for the most insane adventure. The researcher, whose spirit of adventurism is just off scale - this is Alexander Kuprin, the biography of the writer only confirms this fact.
He with great pleasure worked as a journalist in many editorial offices, published articles, reports in periodicals. Often went on business trips, he lived in the Moscow region, then in Ryazan, as well as in the Crimea (Balaklava district) and in Gatchina, Leningrad region.
He was not satisfied with the then social order and reigning injustice, and therefore as a strong personality he wanted to somehow change the situation. However, despite his revolutionary mood, the writer negatively treated the October coup led by representatives of the Social Democrats (Bolsheviks). Bright, full of events and various difficulties - this is Kuprin's Biography. Interesting facts from the biography say that Alexander Ivanovich still cooperated with the Bolsheviks and even wanted to release a peasant publication called "Earth", and therefore often met with the head of the Bolshevik government, VI Lenin. But soon he suddenly shifted to the side of the "white" (anti-Bolshevik movement). After they were defeated, Kuprin moved to Finland, and then to France, namely to its capital, where he stayed for a while.
In 1937 he took an active part in the press of the anti-Bolshevik movement, while continuing to write his works. An uneasy, filled with struggle for justice and emotions, this was the biography of Kuprin. The summary of the biography says that during the period from 1929 to 1933 such famous novels were written: "The Wheel of Time", "Junker", "Janet," and many articles and stories were published. Emigration had a negative effect on the writer, he was unclaimed, suffered hardship and missed his native land. In the second half of the 1930s, after believing in propaganda in the Soviet Union, he returned to Russia together with his wife. The return of the fact that Alexander Ivanovich suffered from a very serious illness was dumbfounded.
People's Life by Kuprin's Eyes
Kuprin's literary activity is imbued with a classic for Russian writers in a manner of compassion for the people, which is forced to poverty in a wretched environment of life. A strong-willed personality with a strong desire for justice - Alexander Kuprin, whose biography says that he expressed his sympathy in creativity. For example, the novel "Yama", written in the early 20th century, which tells of the hard life of Putane. And also the images of intellectuals suffering from hardship, which they are forced to endure.
His favorite characters are just such - reflective, a bit hysterical and very sentimental. For example, the story "Moloch", where the representative of this image is Bobrov (engineer) - the character is very sensitive, compassionate and worried about simple factory workers who work hard, while the rich skate like cheese in oil for someone else's money. Representatives of such images in the story "Duel" are Romashov and Nazanskiy, who are endowed with the great strength of the physical, as opposed to a trembling and sensitive soul. Romashov was very irritated by military activities, namely, vulgar officers and downtrodden soldiers. Probably, no writer so condemned the military environment, as Alexander Kuprin.
Perception of life through creativity
Kuprin - an idealist and a romantic, that is reflected in his work: heroic deeds, sincerity, love, compassion, kindness. Most of his characters are emotional people, those who fell out of the ordinary life-track, they are in search of truth, more free and full being, something beautiful ...
His stories about animals "Barbos and Rascal", "Emerald" fully deserve a place in the world's art of the word. A brief biography of Kuprin says that he is one of the few writers who could so feel the flow of natural, real life and so successfully display it in their works. A vivid epitome of this quality is the story "Olesya", written in 1898, where he describes the deviation from the ideal of natural being.
Such an organic worldview, healthy optimism are the main distinctive features of his work, in which the lyrics and romance harmoniously merge, the proportionality of the plot-compositional center, the dramatic nature of actions and the truth.
Master of Literary Art
Virtuoso of the word - Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin, whose biography says that he could very accurately and beautifully describe the landscape in a literary work. His external, visual and, you can say, olfactory worldview was simply superb. I.A. Bunin and AI. Kuprin often competed to determine the smell of different situations and phenomena in their masterpieces and not only. In addition, the writer could display the true image of his characters very carefully to the smallest detail: appearance, temper, style of communication, etc. He found complexity and depth, even describing animals, and all because he was very fond of writing on this subject.
Passionate, a naturalist and a realist, that was Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin. A brief biography of the writer says that all his stories are based on real events, and therefore unique: natural, vivid, without obsessive speculative constructions. He thought about the meaning of life, described true love, talked about hatred, strong-willed and heroic deeds. Such emotions as disappointment, despair, struggle with oneself, strengths and weaknesses of a person became the main ones in his works. These manifestations of existentialism were typical for his creativity and reflected the complex inner world of man at the turn of the century.
Writer of transitional time
A brief biography of Kuprin confirms that, despite the softness and sensitivity of the writer, it was a strong-willed person, loving life, and therefore his characters are somewhat like him. They have a strong thirst for life, for which they very tightly grab and do not let go. They listen to both the heart and the mind. For example, drug addict Bobrov, who decided to kill himself, listened to the voice of reason and realized that he too loved life to finish everything once and for all. The same thirst for life also lived in Serdyukov (a student from the work "The Swamp"), who was very sympathetic to the forester and his family, dying from an infectious disease. He spent the night at their homes and for a short time almost went mad with pain, emotions and compassion. And with the onset of the morning, he seeks to get out of this nightmare as soon as possible, in order to see the sun. He seemed to have fled in a fog from there and when he finally ran up the hill, he simply choked with an unexpected tide of happiness.
Passionate love - Alexander Kuprin, whose biography says that the writer was very fond of happy finals. The end of the story sounds symbolic and solemn. It says that the fog stretched at the feet of the guy, the clear blue sky, the whisper of green branches, the golden sun, the rays of which "rang with the jubilant triumph of victory." That sounds like the victory of life over death.
Exaltation of life in the story "Duel"
Kuprin, whose biography says that the story appeared in the years of the Russo-Japanese conflict, criticized the military environment in the dust. The work describes the military life, psychology, reflects the pre-revolutionary life of Russians.
In the story, as in life, there is an atmosphere of death and impoverishment, sadness and routine. Feeling of absurdity, disorderliness and incomprehensibility of being. It was these feelings that overwhelmed Romashev and were familiar to the inhabitants of pre-revolutionary Russia. In order to drown out the ideological "impassability", Kuprin described in the "Duel" the dismissed temper of the officers, their unfair and cruel attitude towards each other. And of course, the main defect of the military is alcoholism, which also flourished among the Russian people.
You do not even need to make a plan for Kuprin's biography to understand that he and his heroes are spiritually close. These are very emotional, broken-down individuals who are compassionate, indignant over the injustice and cruelty of being, but they can not fix anything.
After the "Duel" appears a work called "River of Life". In this story, very different moods reign, many liberation processes have taken place. He is the embodiment of the finale of the drama of the intelligentsia, about which the writer narrates. Kuprin, whose work and biography are closely connected, does not change himself, the protagonist is still a kind, sensitive intellectual. He is a representative of individualism, no, he is not indifferent, rushing into a whirlwind of events, realizes that a new life is not for him. And glorifying the joy of being, he still decides to die, because he believes that he does not deserve it, as he writes in a suicide note to a comrade.
Mastery of Kuprin
The virtuoso of the pen, a man with a wonderful intuition and an ardent lover, that was Alexander Kuprin. The biography briefly tells that it was an incredibly deep, harmonious and internally filled person. He subconsciously felt the secret meaning of things, could connect the causes and understand the consequences. As an excellent psychologist, he had the ability to distinguish the main thing in the text, because of what his works seemed ideal, from which nothing can be removed and added. These qualities are displayed in the "Evening Guest", "River of Life", "Duel".
Biography Kuprin (briefly about the main thing):
- Born Kuprin Alexander Ivanovich 7.09.1870 in the town of Narovchat, Penza district in Russia.
- He died on August 25, 1938 at the age of 67 in St. Petersburg.
- There lived a writer at the turn of the century, which invariably reflected on his work. He survived the October Revolution.
- The direction of art is realism and impressionism. The main genres are novella and novella.
- Since 1902, he was married to Davydova Maria Karlovna. And since 1907 - with Heinrich Elizaveta Moritsovna.
- Father - Kuprin Ivan Ivanovich. Mother - Kuprin Lyubov Alekseevna.
- He had two daughters - Xenia and Lydia.
The best sense of smell in Russia
Alexander Ivanovich was a guest at Fyodor Chaliapin, who called him the most sensitive nose of Russia at his guests. At the evening there was a perfumer from France, who decided to check this by inviting Kuprin to name the main components of his new development. To the greatest surprise of all those present, he coped with the task.
In addition, Kuprin had a strange habit: when he met or got acquainted, he sniffed people. Many were offended, and some admired, they claimed that thanks to this gift, he recognizes the nature of a person. The only competitor Kuprin was I. Bunin, they often arranged competitions.
Kuprin, like a real Tatar, was very quick-tempered, emotional, and very proud of his origin. His mother is from the clan of the Tatar princes. Alexander Ivanovich often wore a Tatar apparel: a robe and a colored skullcap. In this form, he liked to visit his friends, relax in restaurants. And in this dress, he sat like a real khan and screwed up his eyes for greater similarity.
Alexander Ivanovich changed a large number of professions before he found his true vocation. He tried himself in boxing, pedagogy, fishing and acting. He worked in a circus wrestler, surveyor, pilot, wandering musician, etc. And his main goal was not money, but an invaluable life experience. Alexander Ivanovich declared that he would like to become an animal, a plant or a pregnant woman, to experience all the delights of childbirth.
Beginning of Writing Activities
The first writer's experience he received in the military school. It was the story "The Last Debut", the work was quite primitive, but still he decided to send it to the newspaper. This was reported to the school authorities, and Alexander was punished (two days in the punishment cell). He promised himself never to write again. However, I could not restrain my words, because I met the writer I.Bunin, who asked him to write a short story. Kuprin at that time was aground, and so agreed and on the money he earned he bought food and shoes. It was this event that pushed him to serious work.
Here he is, a famous writer Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin, a strong physically man with a tender and vulnerable soul and with his quirks. Great lover and experimenter, compassionate and having a great desire for justice. Naturalist and realist Kuprin left in the heritage of a large number of magnificent works, which deserve the title of masterpieces.