A bright representative of realism, a charismatic personality and simply a famous Russian writer of the early 20th century - Alexander Kuprin. His biography is full of events, quite heavy and overflowing with an ocean of emotions, thanks to which the world knew his best creations. "Moloch", "Duel", "Garnet Bracelet" and many other works that have replenished the golden fund of world art.
The beginning of the way
Born 09/07/1870 in the small town of Narovchat, Penza District. His father is a civil servant Ivan Kuprin, whose biography is very short, since he died when Sasha was only 2 years old. After that, he stayed with his mother, Lyubov Kuprina, who was a princely-blooded Tatar. They suffered hunger, humiliation and deprivation, so his mother made the difficult decision to give Sasha to the department for young orphans at the Alexander Military School in 1876. The pupil of the military school, Alexander, graduated from it in the second half of the 80s.
In the early 90s, after graduating from the military school, he became a member of the Dneprovsky Infantry Regiment No. 46. A successful military career remained in his dreams, as Kuprin’s disturbing, eventful and emotional biography tells. The summary of the biography says that Alexander did not succeed in enrolling in a higher military educational institution because of the scandal. And all because of his hot temper, under the influence of alcohol, he threw a police officer from the bridge into the water. Having served to the rank of lieutenant, in 1895 he resigned.
Personality with an incredibly bright color, eagerly absorbing impressions, a wanderer. He tried on himself a lot of crafts: from a laborer to a dental technician. A very emotional and extraordinary man - Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin, whose biography is replete with bright events, which became the basis of many of his masterpieces.
His life was rather turbulent, there were a lot of rumors about him. The explosive temperament, excellent physical form, and he was so tempted to try himself, which gave him invaluable life experience and strengthened his spirit. He was constantly striving to meet adventures: he plunged into the water in special equipment, made a flight by plane (almost died due to a catastrophe), was the founder of a sports society, etc. In the war years, together with his wife, he equipped the infirmary in his own house.
He loved to get to know a person, his character and talked with people of a wide variety of professions: specialists with higher technical education, vagrant musicians, fishermen, card players, poor people, clergymen, entrepreneurs, etc. And in order to get to know a person better, to experience his life on himself, he was ready for the most insane adventure. The researcher, the spirit of adventurism of which is just rolls over - this is Alexander Kuprin, the writer's biography only confirms this fact.
With great pleasure he worked as a journalist in many editions, published articles, messages in periodicals. Often he went on business trips, he lived in the Moscow region, now in Ryazan, as well as in the Crimea (Balaklava district) and in the city of Gatchina, the Leningrad region.
He was not satisfied with the then social order and the reigning injustice, and therefore, as a strong personality, he wanted to somehow change the situation. However, despite his revolutionary sentiment, the writer had a negative attitude towards the October revolution, led by representatives of the Social Democrats (Bolsheviks). Bright, eventful and various difficulties - this is Kuprin's biography. Interesting facts from the biography say that Alexander Ivanovich nevertheless collaborated with the Bolsheviks and even wanted to release a peasant publication called “Earth”, and therefore often met with the head of the Bolshevik government V. I. Lenin. But soon he suddenly went over to the side of the “whites” (the anti-Bolshevik movement). After they were defeated, Kuprin moved to Finland, and then to France, namely to its capital, where he stayed for a while.
In 1937 he took an active part in the press of the anti-Bolshevik movement, at the same time continuing to write his works. Restless, filled with the struggle for justice and emotions, this was exactly Kuprin’s biography. The summary of the biography says that in the period from 1929 to 1933 such famous novels were written: “Wheel of Time”, “Juncker”, “Janet”, and also many articles and stories were published. Emigration had a negative effect on the writer, he was unclaimed, suffered hardships and missed his native land. In the second half of the 30s, having believed the propaganda in the Soviet Union, he and his wife returned to Russia. The return was overshadowed by the fact that Alexander Ivanovich suffered from a very serious illness.
People's life through the eyes of Kuprin
Kuprin's literary activity is imbued with the classic for Russian writers manner of compassion for the people who are forced to live in poverty in a miserable living environment. A strong-willed person with a strong burden of justice is Alexander Kuprin, whose biography says that he expressed his sympathy in his work. For example, the novel "The Pit", written in the early 20th century, which tells about the hard life of a confused. As well as images of intellectuals suffering from deprivation, which they are forced to endure.
His favorite characters are exactly that - reflective, slightly hysterical and very sentimental. For example, the story "Moloch", where the representative of such an image is Bobrov (engineer) - the character is very sensitive, compassionate and worried about simple factory workers who work hard while the rich ride like cheese in oil on other people's money. Representative of such images in the story "The Duel" are Romashov and Nazansky, who are endowed with great physical strength, as opposed to the quivering and sensitive soul. Romashov was very annoyed by military activities, namely, vulgar officers and scored soldiers. Probably not a single writer condemned the military environment as much as Alexander Kuprin.
The perception of life through creativity
Kuprin - an idealist and romantic that is displayed in his work: heroic deeds, sincerity, love, compassion, kindness. Most of his characters are emotional people, those who have fallen out of the ordinary rut of life, they are in search of truth, more free and full of being, something beautiful ...
His stories about animals "Barbosa and Zhulka", "Emerald" fully deserve a place in the fund of the world art of the word. Brief biography Kuprin says that he is one of the few writers who could feel the flow of natural, real life and so successfully reflect it in his works. A vivid embodiment of this quality is the story "Olesya", written in 1898, where he describes a deviation from the ideal of natural being.
Such an organic perception of the world, healthy optimism - these are the main distinguishing features of his work, in which the lyrics and romance blend harmoniously, the proportionality of the plot-composition center, the drama of actions and the truth.
Master of literary art
Virtuoso words - Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin, whose biography says that he could very accurately and beautifully describe the landscape in a literary work. His external, visual and, one can say, olfactory world perception was simply excellent. I.A. Bunin and A.I. Kuprin often competed to determine the smell of different situations and phenomena in their masterpieces and not only. In addition, the writer could display the true image of his characters very carefully to the smallest detail: appearance, character, style of communication, etc. He found complexity and depth, even describing animals, and all because he loved to write on this topic.
Passionate life buoy, naturalist and realist, this is exactly how Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin was. A short biography of the writer says that all his stories are based on real events, and therefore unique: natural, bright, without obsessive speculative constructions. He thought about the meaning of life, described true love, talked about hatred, strong-willed and heroic deeds. Emotions such as disappointment, despair, struggle with oneself, strengths and weaknesses of a person have become major in his works. These manifestations of existentialism were typical of his work and reflected the complex inner world of man at the turn of the century.
Transient Time Writer
A brief biography of Kuprin confirms that, despite the softness and sensitivity of the writer, it was a strong-willed person who loves life, and therefore his characters are somewhat similar to him. They have a strong thirst for life, for which they cling very tightly and do not let go. They listen to both heart and mind. For example, drug addict Bobrov, who decided to kill himself, listened to the voice of reason and realized that he loves life too much to finish everything once and for all. The same thirst for life lived in Serdyukovo (a student from the work "Swamp"), who was very sympathetic to the forester and his family, who were dying from an infectious disease. He spent the night at their home and in that short time almost went crazy with pain, feelings and compassion. And with the onset of morning, he seeks to quickly get out of this nightmare, in order to see the sun. He seemed to have fled from there in the fog, and when he finally ran up the hill, he simply choked on an unexpected tide of happiness.
Passionate lover - Alexander Kuprin, whose biography says that the writer was very fond of happy finals. The end of the story sounds symbolic and solemn. It says that the fog spread at the feet of the guy, about the clear blue sky, about the whisper of green branches, about the golden sun, the rays of which “rang with the exultant triumph of victory”. What sounds like the victory of life over death.
The exaltation of life in the story "Duel"
Kuprin, whose biography says that the story appeared in the years of the Russian-Japanese conflict, criticized the military environment to pieces. The work describes the military life, psychology, depicts the pre-revolutionary life of Russians.
In the story, as in life, there is an atmosphere of death and depletion, sadness and routine. A sense of absurdity, irregularity and incomprehensibility of being. It was these feelings that overcame Romaszew and were familiar to residents of pre-revolutionary Russia. In order to stifle the ideological "impassability", Kuprin described in the "Duel" the unlearned disposition of the officers, their unfair and cruel relationship to each other. And of course, the main vice of the military is alcoholism, which flourished among the Russian people.
It is not even necessary to draw up a plan for Kuprin’s biography in order to understand that he and his heroes are spiritually close. These are very emotional, broken people who are compassionate, indignant because of the injustice and cruelty of being, but they cannot fix anything.
After the "Duel" appears a work called "The River of Life." In this story, completely different moods reign, many liberation processes took place. He is the epitome of the finale of the drama of the intelligentsia, about which the writer narrates. Kuprin, whose work and biography are closely connected, does not change himself, the main character is still a kind, sensitive intellectual. He is a representative of individualism, no, he is not indifferent, throwing himself into a whirlwind of events, realizes that the new life is not for him. And glorifying the joy of life, he still decides to leave life, because he believes that he does not deserve it, and he writes about it in his suicide note to his friend.
Virtuoso pen, a man with a wonderful intuition and ardent swinger, such was Alexander Kuprin. A brief biography tells us that this was an incredibly deep, harmonious and internally filled person. He subconsciously felt the secret meaning of things, could connect the causes and understand the consequences. As an excellent psychologist, he had the ability to highlight the most important things in the text, which is why his works seemed ideal, from which you can’t remove or add anything. These qualities are displayed in the "Evening Guest", "River of Life", "Duel".
Biography Kuprin (briefly about the main thing):
- Alexander I. Kuprin was born on 9/07/1870 in the town of Narovchat, Penza district in Russia.
- He died on August 25, 1938 at the age of 67 in St. Petersburg.
- There lived a writer at the turn of the century, which invariably reflected in his work. He survived the October Revolution.
- The direction of art - realism and impressionism. The main genres are the short story and the story.
- From 1902 he lived in marriage with Davydova Maria Karlovna. And since 1907 - with Heinrich Elizaveta Moritzna.
- Father - Kuprin Ivan Ivanovich. Mother - Kuprina Lyubov Alekseevna.
- Had two daughters - Xenia and Lydia.
The best sense of smell in Russia
Alexander Ivanovich was visiting Fyodor Shalyapin, who called him the most sensitive nose of Russia when visiting. The evening was attended by a perfumer from France, who decided to check it out by inviting Kuprin to name the main components of his new development. To the great surprise of all those present, he coped with the task.
In addition, Kuprin had a strange habit: when he met or met, he sniffed people. It offended many, and admired some, they claimed that thanks to this gift he recognized the human nature. Kuprin's only competitor was I. Bunin, they often organized competitions.
Kuprin, like a real Tatar, was very hot-tempered, emotional and very proud of his origin. His mother is from the kind of Tatar princes. Alexander Ivanovich often dressed in Tatar robe: a robe and a colored skullcap. As such, he loved to visit his friends, relax in restaurants. And in this vestment, he sat down like a real Khan and squinted his eyes for greater similarity.
Alexander Ivanovich changed a large number of professions before he found his true vocation. He tried his hand at boxing, pedagogy, fishing, and acting. He worked in a circus as a wrestler, land surveyor, pilot, wandering musician, etc. And his main goal was not money, but invaluable life experience. Alexander Ivanovich stated that he would like to become an animal, a plant or a pregnant woman in order to experience all the pleasures of childbirth.
He received his first writing experience in a military school. It was the story "The Last Debut", the work was quite primitive, but still he decided to send it to the newspaper. This was reported to the school leadership, and Alexander was punished (two days in a punishment cell). He promised himself never to write again. However, he did not keep his word, as he met the writer I. Bunin, who asked him to write a short story. Kuprin was stranded at that time, and therefore he agreed to buy some food and shoes for the money he earned. It was this event that prompted him to serious work.
Here he is, the famous writer Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin, a physically strong man with a tender and vulnerable soul and with his quirks. The great keeper of life and the experimenter, compassionate and having a great craving for justice. The naturalist and realist Kuprin left a great number of magnificent works in his heritage, which quite deserve the title of masterpieces.