The Akhal-Teke horse is a race Oriental breed, one of the oldest and most expensive in the world. The high price of these horses is due primarily to their rarity, as well as excellent working qualities and spectacular exterior.
Akhal-Teke began to breed a long time ago - about five thousand years ago - on the territory where the state of Turkmenistan is located today. The name of this breed was given to the Karakum oasis Akhal and the Eastern Teke tribe, whose representatives bred these horses for thousands of years. Each family contained one, rarely two such handsome.
In Russia, the Akhal-Teke breed of horses (photos clearly demonstrate its beauty and elegance) has been known since the time of Ivan the Terrible. Then they were called argamas. The Moscow Tsar had two stables engaged in the breeding of Akhal-Teke. These horses were used to improve such well-known Russian riding breeds as Oryol, Don, Streletsky and Rostopchinskaya. By the middle of the 19th century, Akhal-Teke made up more than a third of the Russian livestock in the country's stud farms.
Breed in Soviet times
In 1897, the efforts of the governor-general of the tsar in Turkmenistan, General Kuropatkin, near Ashgabat, in the village of Keshi, organized a stable stable of Akhal-Teke horses, called Transcaspian. In Soviet times, it was renamed Komsomol. It was on this stable that the stallions were raised, which gave rise to most of the modern lines of this breed. The best was the golden-buloy Unbeaten in horse racing Boynou. It was he who gave rise to 13 of the 18 now existing male lines of Akhal-Teke.
In the 40-50s, several more plants were established in the USSR to breed these horses: in Kazakhstan, Dagestan and in the Stavropol region. To date, the number of Akhal-Teke livestock Russia ranks second in the world.
Akhal-Teke horse breed belongs to purebred. Throughout the breeding time, it was never mixed with any other. The distinctive features of these horses include:
- high growth;
- dry constitution;
- oblong lines of the body;
- deep chest;
- high withers and powerful croup;
- long high neck;
- straight or slightly curved profile;
- slightly bulging forehead;
- thin front part;
- pointed, thin, widely spaced ears;
- expressive eyes almond shape;
- thin skin with visible relief of blood vessels;
- scarcity of hair and the almost complete absence of the mane.
The Akhal-Teke breed of horses (photos of its representatives can be seen on this page) is also characterized by a uniform monochromatic color (sometimes with black burn marks). Only white spots over hoofs and on the head are not considered a marriage. The features of the breed include agility and endurance. In addition, Akhal-Teke are very unpretentious in content and food. The only disadvantage of this breed is its late maturity. These horses acquire the best form of sport only for 4-6 years of life. Occasionally, Akhal-Teke found a rare genetic disorder - the birth of completely bare foals. Such animals die in the first months of life.
Akhal-Teke breed of horses: characteristic
As befits the real Asians, the temperament of these horses is hot-tempered and very hot. Horses are very capricious and require an individual approach. At the same time, they are strongly attached to the owner and react to the change of rider extremely painful. Most athletes who worked with these animals note the plasticity and softness of their movements. In running, the Akhal-Teke hardly touches the ground with their feet. Such a feature has evolved in these horses due to the many thousands of years of life in the sands of the Kara Kum.
For economic purposes, the Akhal-Teke breed of horses is not used due to the high cost. Bred these graceful beauties exclusively to speak at competitions. At various kinds of jumps, they are able to show excellent results at both short and long distances, because they are fast and endurance.
Variety of stripes
Thus, the Akhal-Teke breed (description of the breed given above, more than eloquently) very impressive and unpretentious. As for the suit, these horses can have virtually any. At the moment bred Akhal-Teke:
The Akhal-Teke breed of horses of isabel suit is considered particularly beautiful. Horses with this color are very rare. Only 2.5% of Akhal-Teke can boast it. Occasionally there are rare colors, which are considered atypical for this breed. For example, igrenevaya, pinto and bronze-red-gold. Representatives of the last suit, among other things, have also dark-colored mane and tail.
Whatever suit the Akhal-Teke horse is, its wool always has a golden or silver shade. The horses of the Don, Budenovsk and Karabakh breeds, in the pedigree of which there are argamaks, differ in the same peculiarity.
The Akhal-Teke horses received a golden shade of wool from their ancestors - the Bactrian and Parthian Eastern horses. The enormous diversity of colors of this branch is due, among other things, to the artificial selection carried out by the Turkmen for thousands of years.
Breed yesterday and today
Of course, over the centuries, the appearance of the Akhal-Teke horse did not remain absolutely unchanged. Some changes can be seen even in relatively short periods of time. Thus, representatives of the breed of the beginning of the 20th century had a not so harmonious and proportional physique as horses at the end of this century. At that time, the gray suit of these horses was the most numerous. Over time, the buckskin and bay began to prevail.
How are Akhal-Teke horses used
Throughout the entire period of its existence, the horses of this breed have never been used as pack animals. Not harnessed them in carts. Most often they were used as fighting or hunting horses. Sometimes they went and just travel.
Nowadays, horses of this breed are most often used in distance racing and smooth runs, and sometimes in dressage and jumping. In agility, they lose only to representatives of the English riding breed. It is also believed that these animals are well suited for circus training and tigging competitions. The sale of horses of the Akhal-Teke breed in Russia is currently considered to be quite profitable because of their unpretentiousness and very high cost. Since 1991, another large stud farm has been operating in our country where Akhaltekin horse is engaged in these very animals. It is located in the suburban town of Dubna.
In Soviet times, this horse was not particularly appreciated. Nikita Khrushchev, for example, instead of supporting her breeders, did everything to make her disappear forever. At one time, the best representatives of the breed were even simply sent to the slaughterhouse. In our time, the attitude towards these horses has changed completely. Not so long ago, the Akhal-Teke breed horses were tested, which showed their exceptional performance. After that, the main directions of breeding work with them were identified. The focus in our time is on increasing the massiveness of these animals, their growth and bones, while maintaining spectacular beauty.
According to the research of the Russian Research Institute of Horse Breeding, the Akhal-Teke horse breed is currently considered one of the most successful and promising in the world. The best of its representatives today are:
- mansur's stallion, who became the champion of Russia in triathlon in 1997;
- Peikam - the winner of the 120 km race on the Moscow Ring Road;
- Penteli - the repeated winner of Russia in show jumping;
- dressage champion Absinthe and some others.
The reasons for the rare appearance in the sports arena
A different kind of competition the Akhal-Teke breed, the nature of which is extremely capricious, in use, unfortunately, not too often. The main reason is the biased attitude of some riders and trainers who believe its members are difficult upbringing. Call several other factors, contributed to the Akhal-Teke is rarely possible to meet on the competitions:
- Today it is a very small breed. It represents only 1,200 queens.
- Pretty high cost. Most athletes horse of this breed simply can not afford.
- The remoteness of the majority of stud farms engaged in the breeding of these horses, from large sports centers.
Where is bred
Despite its waywardness and high cost, the Akhal-Teke breed of horses is extremely popular all over the world. And, of course, they appreciate it very much in their homeland, in Turkmenistan. Akhal-teke even is depicted on the modern emblem of this country. Today, it is Turkmenistan that ranks first in the number of horses bred by this breed. The Russian livestock, as already mentioned, is the second largest. Akhaltekins are also bred in Europe and the USA. In these parts of the world, the breed is considered very valuable, beautiful and unique. The cost of Akhal-Teke horses at auctions in Europe and the United States is comparable to the cost of the best Arabian horses. They contain representatives of this breed only in elite stables.