Akhalteke horse is an oriental race breed, one of the oldest and most expensive in the world. The high price for these horses is due primarily to their rarity, as well as excellent performance and spectacular exterior.
History of the breed
To raise Akhal-Teke began a long time ago - about five thousand years ago - in the territory where the state of Turkmenistan is located today. The name of this breed was given by the Karakum oasis of Akhal and the eastern tribe Teke, whose representatives bred these horses for millennia. Each family contained one by one, rarely two such handsome men.
In Russia, the Akhal-Teke breed of horses (photos clearly demonstrate its beauty and grace) has been known since the time of Ivan the Terrible. Then they were called Argamaks. The Moscow Tsar had two stables engaged in breeding the Akhal-Teke. It was these horses that were used to improve such well-known Russian horse breeds as Orel, Don, Streletskaya and Rostopchinskaya. By the middle of the XIX century, the Akhal-Teke people accounted for more than a third of the Russian stock in the country's stud farms.
Breed in the Soviet era
In 1897, by the efforts of the governor of the Tsar in Turkmenistan, General Kuropatkin, near Ashgabat in the village of Keshi, a stable stall of Akhal-Teke horses was named, named Zakaspiyskaya. In Soviet times, it was renamed the "Komsomol". It was on this stable that stallions were raised, which gave rise to most modern lines of this breed. The best was the golden-brane invincible in the races of Boynou. It was he who gave rise to 13 out of 18 existing male lines of Akhal-Teke.
In the 1940s and 1950s, several other plants were created in the USSR to breed these horses: in Kazakhstan, Dagestan and the Stavropol region. To date, Russia has the second largest number of Akhal-Teke cows in the world.
Akhal-Teke horses breed refers to the purebred. Throughout the time of breeding, it was never confused with any others. The distinctive features of these horses include:
- high growth;
- a dry constitution;
- oblong body lines;
- deep chest;
- high withers and a powerful croup;
- long, high neck;
- straight or slightly curved profile;
- slightly convex forehead;
- thin facial part;
- ears pointed, thin, widely spaced ears;
- expressive eyes of almond shape;
- thin skin with a visible relief of blood vessels;
- scarcity of the hairline and almost complete lack of mane.
The Akhal-Teke breed of horses (the photo of its representatives can be seen on this page) is also characterized by a uniform monochromatic color (sometimes with black markings). Marriage does not count only white patches on top of hoofs and on the head. The features of the breed include speed and endurance. In addition, the Akhaltekeans are very unpretentious in their content and food. The only drawback of this breed is its late ripeness. The best sports form these horses acquire only for 4-6 years of life. Sometimes the Akhal-Teke has a rare genetic deviation - the birth of completely naked foals. Such animals die in the first months of life.
Akhal-Teke horses breed: characteristic
As well as it is necessary to the present Asiatics, temperament at these horses hot-tempered and very hot. Horses are very wayward and require an individual approach. At the same time, they are strongly attached to the owner and react to the change of the rider extremely painfully. Most of the athletes who worked with these animals, note the plasticity and softness of their movements. In running, the Akhal-Teke practically does not touch the ground with his feet. This feature has developed in these horses thanks to many thousands of years of life in the sands of the Karakum desert.
For commercial purposes, the Akhal-Teke breed of horses is not used because of its high cost. These graceful handsome men are raised exclusively for performance at competitions. In all sorts of races, they are able to show excellent results at both short and long distances, because they differ in speed and at the same time endurance.
Variety of suits
Thus, the Akhal-Teke breed (description of the breed given above, more than eloquently) very impressive and unpretentious. As for the suit, these horses can have virtually any. At the moment bred Akhal-Teke:
Especially beautiful is the Akhal-Teke breed of horses and suits. Horses with this color are very rare. Only 2.5% of Akhal-Teke can boast of it. Occasionally, rare colors are found, which are considered untypical for this breed. For example, sparkling, piebald and bronze-reddish-golden. Representatives of the latter suit, among other things, also have a darkly painted mane and tail.
Whatever suit the Akhal-Teke horse is, her coat always has a golden or silver hue. The same peculiarity is also characteristic of the horses of the Don, Budyonovo and Garabagh breeds, in the pedigree of which there are argamaks.
Akhal-Tekeans received a golden shade of wool from their ancestors - Bactrian and Parfian oriental horses. The huge variety of the suits of this branch is also due to artificial selection, which has been carried out for thousands of years by the Turkmen.
Breed yesterday and today
Of course, over the centuries the appearance of the Akhal-Teke horse was absolutely unchanged. Some changes can be seen even at relatively short intervals. So, the representatives of the breed of the beginning of the XX century had not such harmonious and proportional physique as horses at the end of this century. In those days, the most numerous was the gray suit of these horses. Over time, the bran and bay have started to prevail.
How Akhal-Teke horses are used
Throughout the entire period of its existence, the horses of this breed have never been used as pack animals. They did not harness them in carts. Most often they were used as combat or hunting horses. Sometimes they went and just travel.
In our time, horses of this breed are most often used in remote races and smooth runs, and sometimes in dressage and jumping. In their speed, they lose only to representatives of the English horse breed. It is also believed that these animals are well suited for circus training and competitions in dzhigitovke. The sale of Akhal-Teke horses in Russia at the moment is considered quite profitable because of their unpretentiousness and very high cost. Since 1991, in our country there is another large stud farm, where these animals are engaged - Akhaltekinets LLC. It is located in the Moscow region of Dubna.
In Soviet times, this horse was not particularly appreciated. Nikita Khrushchev, for example, instead of supporting her breeders, did everything to ensure that she disappeared forever. At one time the best representatives of the breed were even simply sent to the slaughterhouses. In our time, the attitude to these horses has radically changed. Not so long ago, the horses of the Akhal-Teke breed were tested, which showed their exceptional performance. After that, the main directions of breeding work with them were identified. The main attention in our time is given to increasing the massiveness of these animals, their growth and boneiness while maintaining spectacular beauty.
According to the research of the Russian Research Institute of Horse Breeding, the Akhal-Teke horse breed is currently considered one of the most successful and promising horses worldwide. Its best representatives to date are:
- stallion Mansur, who became the champion of Russia in triathlon in 1997;
- Peykam - the winner of the race for 120 km on the Moscow Ring Road;
- Penteli - repeated winner of Russia in jumping;
- the champion in dressage Absinthe and some others.
The reasons for the rare appearance in the sports arena
A different kind of competition the Akhal-Teke breed, the nature of which is extremely capricious, in use, unfortunately, not too often. The main reason is the biased attitude of some riders and trainers who believe its members are difficult upbringing. Call several other factors, contributed to the Akhal-Teke is rarely possible to meet on the competitions:
- To date, this is a very small breed. Represents her only 1200 queens.
- Quite a high price. Most of the athletes horses of this breed simply can not afford.
- The remoteness of the majority of stud farms involved in breeding these horses, from large sports centers.
Where to bred
In spite of its self-will and high cost, the Akhal-Teke horses breed is extremely popular all over the world. And, of course, they very much appreciate it at home - in Turkmenistan. Akhalteke is even depicted on the modern coat of arms of this country. To date, it is Turkmenistan that ranks first in the number of breed horses of this breed. Russian livestock, as already mentioned, is the second most numerous. Akhalteke residents are also raised in Europe and the USA. In these parts of the world the breed is considered very valuable, beautiful and unique. The cost of Akhal-Teke horses at auctions in Europe and the US is comparable to the cost of the best Arabian horses. Contain representatives of this breed only in elite stables.