Probably, each of us read the myths of Ancient Greece. This question is rather rhetorical, as they are included in the school curriculum. They are full of various interesting stories and characters. On their motives every year they shoot high-budget films. And various elements from ancient Greek myths are used for names and creation of logos of modern gyms, beauty salons, entertaining establishments, etc.
In addition to heroes and their exploits, in Greek mythology, a considerable role is assigned to the deities. As a rule, among their innumerable numbers, there are twelve major heavenly patrons. And especially brightly from this group stands out Athena. Goddess of what she is - a controversial issue. Since she patronizes both warriors, artisans, and even women. Each of the ancient writers displays in her work differently her activities, origins and appearance. However, in some moments their descriptions coincide. We will consider them.
In most cases, the origin of the goddess originates from Olympus itself. Zeus, who heard the prophecy that his mistress Metida would give him a son who would then overthrow the Thunderer from Olympus, swallows the pregnant goddess. But from his head later appears Athena (goddess), which he does not expect. In order to free her from himself, he asks Hephaestus to hit himself on the head. And this is one of the most common versions of its appearance.
In other versions of Athena (the goddess of what she is, we'll take a closer look further on) begins with Poseidon, but later does not recognize such paternity and goes to Zeus, who adopts her. The God of water can not forgive her for this, which further results in various conflict situations between her own father and her daughter.
The image of the goddess
In various illustrations, it is displayed in different ways. Description Athena (goddess) in most cases shows her a stern formidable woman, clad in armor and helmet. In her hand, she holds a long spear. And with it, she never parted. Important attributes of her appearance are the animals on her shoulder, which symbolize wisdom. It can be an owl or a snake. This gives her formidable character also the wisdom that is so necessary in military affairs.
The temple of the goddess Athena on the acropolis of Attica depicts on its walls Athena near the olive tree, which sprouted in the earth from being struck by the spear of the goddess.
A very controversial question: "What does Athena sponsor?" The goddess of what she and what role plays in Greek mythology? After all, it is not uncommon for a warrior in her images, except for a spear, to hold in her other hand a spindle, or a bowl, and even a scales.
All this suggests that Athena patronized not only the soldiers, but also the simple working people. Many artisans of Attica and other cities worshiped her. They bowed their heads and simple women, asking the goddess to give them offspring. And that is not all. You can also highlight music, healing and shipbuilding - something that the goddess Athena patronized according to the claims of various traditions. However, this is rarely mentioned.
But for the most part, what the goddess Athena was responsible for was the military tactics, wisdom and fighting spirit of the warriors. This is exactly what Homer and many other writers represent.
Athena and Ares
However, Athena is not the only patroness of wars. In addition to her, the reader is also familiar with such a character as Ares is the god of war. According to many legends, between him and the menacing warrior, various strife often flared up, in which Athena was constantly defeated. In mythology, there is not a single moment where it is told about the opposite.
Athena and Trojan Horse
One of the most striking manifestations of the warrior's activity and her contribution to military operations is the Trojan War. It was she who contributed to her fueling her influence on the young Trojan prince Paris. However, after that, it takes the side of the Greeks. Her main favorite is Odysseus, the king of Ithaca, whom Athenian periodically tells him something, escorting him to the very gates of Troy.
Many sources say that the Trojan horse is one of the military tricks that Athena made in this war. What Trojans did not expect, accepting this gift from the Greeks, by the way, in honor of the same warrior.
It was Athena who did not give Laocoon, one of the Trojan commanders-in-chief, to destroy the horse. And it is she who takes Elena away from him, when she, having guessed, begins to walk around him and call the Greek heroes by name. Sending earthquakes and snakes to Troy, she silences the guesswork about the dirty trick. To the soldiers sitting in a wooden horse, do not lose their strength, the goddess gives them food of the gods. At night, when the Greeks leave the horse and begin to destroy the city, Athena rises at the highest spire and gleefully shouts.
Athena and heroes
In many adventures of Greek heroes it is mentioned about Athena. She helps Hercules in many of his exploits, for example carrying the apples of the Hesperides into place. Also, the warrior helps to keep the hero of the heavenly vault, when the giant lays it on his shoulders. Athena helps him kill Geryon and gives advice when Hercules chops off the hydra's head.
Also played a role warrior in the legends of Perseus, prompting him to further action in the battle with Gorgon. For that, in turn, brings the goddess a gift in the form of a head defeated. This becomes yet another attribute of her appearance. The temple of the goddess Athena on the Acropolis of many cities depicts a goddess with the head of Medusa Gorgon on her shield.
Inspiration, forces for battles and combat tactics - what the goddess Athena rules - she also bestowed on Achilles - one of the main heroes of the Trojan battle. It is she who gives him advice to go on a campaign against Troy. She also directs his spear in a battle with Hector - the great Trojan warrior. He, in turn, emerges from the inaccessible walls, listening to the deceptive speech of the warrior. In addition, she brings the food of the gods to the hero, when he refuses to eat after the loss of his beloved brother Patroclus. Athena also comes to the funeral of Achilles, when he dies from the arrow of Paris. She mourns the hero and rubs his body with ambrosia.