Effective leadership of any organization should be clearly structured, to have success. Especially useful for organizing the implementation of special management strategies at the stage of formation of the enterprise, merger, Alliance or other forms. The main traditional method of manual three:
- Economic plans and forecasts results of operations, calculates the time required to complete various orders. Determines the amount of the bonus or penalty method and form of issuance of money. Uses economic base of the organization as a method for long-term planning. Leads analytical accounting to provide a complete picture of criticality or stability of the company.
- Administrative dictates the rules, structuring the organization, determines the structure requires the execution of orders.
- Social – enhances the personal activity staff to participate in the life of the enterprise. Introduces the principles and ethical rules. Attracting employees to public works. Regulates contractual relationships in the team. Introduces the work of the psychological canons, enhancing the health – competition, imitation and examples.
Hierarchy of control methods
They all have a certain order and subordination. For a long time in the first place remained the administrative methods of management. But moving forward, the technique of leadership also tend to change. Leadership was transferred to economic methods, because the motivation for the result depends on the material benefit and growth of personal well-being. When the personnel is working well, the company is developing steadily. It is an axiom. Not to consider it would be wrong.
However, you cannot select and use the correct version control. For the competent organization of all processes in the enterprise, it is important to be able to put into practice all possible methods. The randomness of their use is categorically unacceptable: only a well-developed system will allow the company to be the best among equals.
For example, there are certain situation of the organization, which cannot be regulated by economic or social means. This applies primarily to the determination of the order and chain of command of the enterprise. Administrative methods of management aimed at solving a number of important issues. A sample list can be grouped into several separate groups.
Administrative methods of management are beginning their “movement” with the development and approval of important documents of the company, which reglamentary its activities. These include the Statute, regulations about the company, different forms and orders, confirming the structure of personnel of command. Using these same techniques, approve job descriptions, staffing and General principles of management. Also important is the development and setting goals, plans, tasks for different departments of the organization that are integrated and must work together seamlessly, which is impossible without competent organization of the whole process.
Example of administrative management methods you can define:
- Order – the order of the direct supervisor within the fulness of his power, given in writing or orally. Must be performed by subordinates.
- Consultation form explaining the details for proper execution of duties. Primarily conducted with employees who were employed recently.
- The Council recommendation on the implementation of a specific job. It is proposed, if in the opinion of the head the result will be obtained faster.
- Offer and etc.
The regulation of
This feature is important, however, than regulation. Administrative methods of management are considering a valuation of the business as part of the overall management process, but more soft and pliable. This part establishes standards, mostly short-term, which may vary under the influence of specific factors. The reasons which require changes in conditions of work, discussed and taken into consideration.
The solution of these questions depends on the economic management method. Developing the norm of development hours, number of employees etc. need to rely on economic indicators and market research company.
When hiring a new employee or when changing requirements for the organization of the personnel, require them instruction to bring to the attention of the new information. In this method, explanatory talk, assistance was Advisory in nature, is the analysis of possible unusual situations, identifies options for addressing them.
Every organization needs to conduct daily planning meetings to determine the “front” of work. For this purpose, administrative techniques personnel management administrative character. Short (for action) orders, orders, orders – everything in the power management.
The state dictates
No organization can exist without regulation of its activities with the state. This ensures economic stability of the country and control of the total situation, including on employment.
Administrative methods of state control vary in form and content. So, they may be legal and institutional, regulatory and individual, obliging and forbidding, judgmental and recommendation.
Direct impact on the activity of enterprises has a number of features such as prescriptive of implementation, specificity of instructions, the breadth of possible applications of regulations, possible imposition of sanctions for refusal of adequate perception of orders that a quick achievement of goals.
There is another form of state regulation – administrative-command methods of management. This method dictates enterprises are obliged to compulsory execution of state orders. The organization has no right to refuse, as in this case, the responsible persons will be subject to administrative or other sanctions. Command system – a relic of the past, but does not fully Iskor.
Duty of the state is enforcement of the principles of democracy, legality, objectivity, scientificity, federalism and other that guarantee the validity of the imposed rules and regulations.
Management and law
Administrative-legal methods of control is the regulation of the ways for implementation of tasks set by the government. All the methods and instruments basing your content on the law and require strict compliance. Since the method is legal, it involves penalties for failure to comply. Sanctions can be administrative, material, disciplinary, criminal and legal. The main objectives of this method are:
- setting goals
- control over their implementation
- defining the boundaries of the employment duties for all subordinates.
Through effective management you must be able to intelligently delegate some of its powers to other persons. But it is important to note that transfer of control should be accompanied by motivation and should not go beyond their own capabilities.
Administrative and organizational management, as well as legal, based on the legality of their demands. For this system of leadership is characteristic of a direct subordination to their superiors. Moreover, the nature of such working relationships may be different.
Administrative-organizational management practices are the most important link of all leading circuits. If they are excluded, then the entire system will be threatened.
Methods of personnel management – administrative, economic – are closely interrelated and need the tactical choice of the dominant system. Many managers with the implementation of economic methods of management wrongly started to assume that freedom of decision was limited. This is not so.
In fact, the whole system is designed to minimize resources while achieving maximum profit. It is impossible to organize using a single selected method. Individually, all the administrative methods of management is negligible.
Correctional work with the personnel is directed on an ideological motivation to achieve a common global goal. For this steering system is widely used by administrative management staff, and they can be expressed in three forms: compulsory and voluntary conciliation. Each head decides on the use of a particular method. Right to work to apply all of these in agreement with the current situation.
The more educated the head of human resources refers to personnel, the more confident will stabilize and the economic performance of the organization. Administrative methods and forms of management applied to subordinates, must be adapted to each specific team. A good leader always knows the strengths and weaknesses of their staff. It is flexible and tough at the same time. In addition, the competent Manager uses not only the dictatorship, but also the Council.
The management in the management
Administrative methods of management to management based on the predominant power of the Executive, which establishes the due procedure, determines the subordination, reglementary the whole teamwork method orders, instructions, regulations. All documents must be based on articles of current legislation.
An important condition under which it is possible to implement the administrative management methods, is the presence of solutions to the issues at the direction, without showing initiative and independence on the part of managers. In this case, issuing the order, the head assumes full responsibility for the outcome of the case.
Cons administrative management
Meanwhile, the administration has serious disadvantages. Continually applying this method in practice, employees cease to think. They focus on the performance and independence are not manifest even in those cases that require proactive quality. In addition, managers, applying administrative leadership, motivate and reward employees much less than apply penalties.
Administrative methods of management are an integral part of the overall system management. The effectiveness of the organization largely depends on the literacy of their application in practice.