Additive technology is a relatively young, but very popular phenomenon. The name of this technology comes from the English term Additive Manufacturing, which literally means “production by adding”. Additive technology means a method of manufacturing by layer-by-layer building of raw materials.
The most famous example of additive technology is popular 3D printers. All types of these devices work on the technology of layer-by-layer synthesis.
Additive manufacturing technologies have made a revolutionary breakthrough in many industries – medical, construction, design, engineering, and design.
3D printing technologies are considered the main discovery of the 21st century, but the history of these innovative devices began in the 20th century. Engineer Charles Hull, founder and owner of 3D-Systems, was the inventor of technology and the founder of the new industry.
In 1986, Charles assembled the first ever stereo lithographic 3D printer. At about the same time, another engineer, Scott Trump, created the first FDM unit in its class. These two iconic inventions marked the beginning of the rapid development of the three-dimensional printing market.
New stage of development
The next step in the evolution of 3D printing has been the introduction of the technology layer-by-layer synthesis in the case of a typical desktop 3D printer, which was conducted by students of the Massachusetts Institute of technology Tim Anderson and Jimmy Brett. Subsequently, they founded the company Z Corporation, has long remained the industry leader.
Modern additive technologies
Now additive technologies are experiencing a period of powerful development and widespread popularization.
Historically, the first and most accurate additive technology is stereolithography. This is a step-by-step polymer curing method with a laser. This technology is used in prototyping, in the manufacture of layouts and design elements with a high level of detail.
Selective laser sintering – an innovative method of curing of liquid photopolymer. This technology allows to work with cement, ceramic, clay, complex polymers, metal powder.
The most popular in the everyday sense remain the FDM printers, which recreates the objects by layering plastic filament. Previously, printers were able to create objects in one color, but now appeared on the market devices using multiple types of colored plastic threads.
Center for Additive Technology
In the Russian market there is a young company that specializes in the use of additive technologies. Center for Additive Technologies OJSC works at the junction of design, design and calculation competencies, optimization of technical solutions and production.
The company has a large fleet of industrial-class 3D printers from leading global manufacturers: MK Technology GmbH, EOS GmbH, 3D Systems, Stratasys, Envisiontec.
The main focus of the center is cooperation with enterprises in order to develop and sell new products and unique technologies. The center also specializes in the design and manufacture of desktop portable 3D printers and scanners. These 3D devices are capable of realizing prototyping technologies in the domestic environment and are ideal for a first acquaintance with additive technologies and the basics of 3D printing.
JSC "Centre of additive technologies" offers its services in the field of 3D modelling, 3D scanning and 3D printing, and implements a number of related products.
Additive technologies in mechanical engineering
Additive technologies are widely used in the automotive industry. The team of American engineer Jim Korr, the founder of Kor Ecologic, has been working on the Urbee project - the first prototype of a 3D car for over 15 years. It should be said that the printer is printed only body and some parts - metal car frame.
Additive technology is used in the prototype of the American company Local Motors, which is preparing for mass production of its electric cars. Prototypes of the company possess modern dizainam, a large reserve, and artificial intelligence.
Additive technology: application
In the modern world, additive processes are used in many industries and can potentially use each. The world's tabloids periodically rocked by news about how the 3D printer printed gun, human body, clothes, house, car.
The development potential of these technologies is really high and is capable of speeding up the development of scientific and technical progress by an order - scientific laboratories using 3D printers create innovative materials and fabrics. The use of additive technologies in the industry allows manufacturers to accelerate the prototyping of new samples and shorten the path from idea to implementation. The architectural and construction industries are trying to exploit the potential of additive technologies by 100%. Design business is experiencing a new stage of development with additive equipment.
The prospects for the development of the industry are extremely favorable. Financial analysts predict a booming 3D print market. Research and development centers that are engaged in additive development are funded by the defense complex and medical state institutions.