Summer pet of adults and children - apricot - began to grow more than 6 thousand years ago. From Latin its name translates as “Armenian apple”. It can be assumed that the birthplace of the solar fruit is no less sunny Armenia. However, at about the same time it is being grown on the plantations of China and India. Until now, the exact place of occurrence of fruit, scientists can not name.
Apricots are loved by all
Nowadays, the fruits of apricot trees can be bought anywhere in Russia and at almost any time of the year. Russian apricot trees growing in the southern regions of the country bear fruit in summer. Already in mid-June, you can find ripe fruit. At other times of the year, apricot in stores and markets comes from countries with a milder climate. For example, in Mediterranean countries, the fruits ripen in March.
The fruit is adored by both adults and children for its juiciness, unique pleasant taste and exquisite aroma.
Many slimming women consume apricot, the caloric content per 100 grams of which is very low, and the tasty fruit is not capable of causing harm to the figure.
The friendly housewives make preparations for the winter: fruit compotes, fragrant jams and delicious jams. Fragrant apricots will add a drop of summer amid the harsh winter.
Apricot: composition and calorie
In order to make sure that this product is harmless to the figure, and its sweetness will not remain an excess weight on the sides, it is necessary to examine its composition.
Depending on the type of apricot, the caloric value per 100 grams of the product may be within 41-48 kilocalories. This is very pleasant information for losing weight people who are engaged in counting calories. So, apricot, caloric in 100 grams of which is explained by a high content of fiber, is a real find for a healthy human diet.
Due to the high nutritional value of apricots in natural or dried form can be found in many dietary regimes. He also got there for his ability to clean the intestines from toxins and toxins.
What else is the use of apricots
In addition, the value of apricots is the content of a variety of micro-and macro. Due to the presence of potassium, the fruit is useful for people with cardiovascular diseases. Calcium is useful for the skeleton, strengthens bone tissue. Magnesium and phosphorus help improve memory. Iodine, iron, fluorine and many other trace elements make this product highly valuable.
Apricots contain many fruit acids: malic, tartaric, citric, salicylic. Together with the terpenes (limonene, geraniol, myrcene) they give the same unique flavor to sunny fruits.
Its advantages include its positive effect on the young growing organism: in addition to the fact that apricot is a natural growth stimulant, it improves cerebral circulation and increases the protective functions of the human body, creating a barrier to the development of some even serious diseases.
Sunny fruit, vitamins sea
Apricots have many vitamins A, E, C. Slightly less vitamins of group B and PP.
Vitamin A is an antioxidant, is involved in the formation of proteins, inhibits the aging of the body, regulates metabolism, especially lipid: prevents the deposition of fat.
Vitamin E - helper immunity, has antioxidant properties.
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, prevents the deposition of fat and the formation of cholesterol plaques.
Vitamins of group B and PP are responsible for the normal development of the body and its circulatory, nervous and digestive systems. Needed for normal blood supply to the brain.
Regular consumption of apricots contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes and the natural removal of fats from the body.
Due to the low calorie content and high levels of nutrients, apricots are a very valuable vitamin food product. They must be used to maintain immunity and help their blood and digestive systems.
Negative consequences and warnings
Solar fruits contain a large amount of sugars, so people with diabetes need to eat them with caution, and it is better to completely abandon their use.
Lovers of apricot kernels in raw form should limit their consumption to 5–7 pieces per day, as they contain amygdoline. Under the influence of digestive juices, this substance is converted in the intestine into hydrocyanic acid - a dangerous toxic compound.
Provitamin A and carotene from apricots are not absorbed by the body of people suffering from diseases of the liver and thyroid gland.
It is not recommended to eat apricots on an empty stomach. They increase the acidity of gastric juice. Acting on the intestinal mucosa, can cause attacks of chronic diseases, ulcers and pancreatitis.
Apricot: 1 calorie
The ripe fruits of apricot trees are almost the same in mass and size. These are small, rounded fruits ranging from pale yellow to bright orange with large bones. Since it is recommended to eat only a few fruits a day, and not a kilogram of apricot, 1 calorie calorie. It will be useful to know for health and shape. Since the established average weight of a fruit is 26 grams, its caloric content is considered to be 10 kcal. Accordingly, 100 grams of apricots contain about 40 kcal.
Calorie green apricots
Since childhood, many people love immature green apricot. The caloric content of such a fruit is practically no different from the ripe fruit. But the effect on the digestive organs more. It is not recommended to get involved in immature fruits of people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Types of dried fruits from apricots
In addition to canning apricots, fruit drying is quite common. The concentration of nutrients increases, since all the water evaporates, and shriveled dried fruits are not worse than fresh ones, since they have significant advantages.
There are 3 types of dried fruits from apricots: apricot, dried apricots and kaisa. The most valuable of them - apricot: the fruits are dried directly on the trees. Ripe fruit is not collected, and left to fade in the sun. Apricot is considered to be the champion in potassium content among all dried fruits from apricots.
Dried apricots - dried apricot halves without stones. Interferes with development of oncological diseases.
Kajsa - dried whole apricots without stones.
Not less useful properties infusions of dried fruit.